Waddington,Thomas - Zorba's Taverna.

WADDINGTON, Thomas Burns Street
Aerated waterworks
Guide to Carlisle C178 Ad

WADSWORTH ROAD On electoral register from 1997-98; Mick Wadsworth was a former manager of Carlisle United

WAGGON AND HORSES Botchergate; in local directories to 1852; called Stagewagon in 1837
CP 31.12.1825 p1 Ad; Waggon and Horses for sale; occupied by Mrs Beck

WAGGON AND HORSES Bridge Street; in local directories to 1914; closed 1917 by State Management; demolished 1924 for widening of Caldew Bridge
S.Davidson Carlisle Breweries and Public Houses 1896 - 1916, 2004 p42
Carlisle the Archive Photographs p112 Photo of pub
1861 census; James Dinwoodie, 44, innkeeper, born Scotland
CN 17.02.1912 To let Waggon and Horses
City Minutes 03.09.1923 item 741 Purchase of property
CN 14.06.1991 p4

WAGGONS see CARRIERS

WAGGOTT, Dennis Builders
CN 22.05.1998 p17 25 years in business

WAKEFIELD, John Banker
David Carrick, bankers, was shown on Wood’s 1821 map of city; 1810 Picture of Carlisle and Directory p124 David Carrick and Sons, bankers, Scotch St; became Messrs David Carrick, Sons and Starbuck; David Carrick died in 1829; by 1834 the bank had become John Wakefield and Sons; 01.03.1837 taken over by the new Carlisle and District Bank with John Wakefield as the largest shareholder. The bank at this stage was still in Scotch Street. Moved to new premises in Bank Street in 1851; 1866 John Wakefield died; and in 1896 became the Carlisle City Brannch of the London and Midland Bank and then in 1898 the London City and Midland Bank [CN 20.07.2007 p34]

WAKEFIELD ROAD
A manuscript map of 1937 [C480] shows the location of and names a property South Wakefield between Kingstown and Kingmoor Roads

WAKEFIELD VILLA, Kingstown Rd
18.09.1946 Died William Bell of Wakefield Villa, Kingstwon Rd [Stanwix MI 244/2]

WALDEGRAVE ROAD First noted on electoral register for 1923; land in this area was formerly owned by the Dean and Cahapter and streets were named in honour of Bishops of Carlisle and Chancellors of the Diocese, in this case Bishop Waldegrave

WALKABOUT Botchergate
CN 19.12.2003 p3 New Australian pub in Botchergate; opened last Thursday

WALKEMILL CLOSES
1610; so called on the Survey of the Soccage lands of Carlisle, [original in Howard of Naworth Archive, Durham Univerity, ref C49/1. See Northern History Vol XX, 1984]

WALKER, James Nailor, died 23.11.1826 [Monumental Inscription St Mary’s, Cathedral; no 459]

WALKER, Thomas and Co; Timber Merchant
1847 Mannix p 166 West Tower Street
From 1850 - 1862 the business was carried on by Messrs Armstrong and Graham until when it was sold to Mr James Graham and subsquently became Andersons of Denton Holme

WALKER AND PARKER St Nicholas
PLumbers
Cumberland Directory 1954 Ad p270

WALKERS English Street
Tea rooms
CD 1893-94 Ad p182

WALKING STICKS
CN 02.10.1992 p1 Rob’s just champion

WALK MILL FIELD Warwick Road
CN 16.01.1998 p3 Licence granted for new city pub

WALKS Riverside walks were laid out on the north side of the Eden in 1817
See also Footpaths; Weavers Bank
Manix Directory of 1847 p142; description of Carlisle walks
CN 03.05.1991 p7 Fun walk to help sick kids
CN 23.04.1999 p7 Tracing Carlisle’s walks

WALLACE OILS
CN 23.03.1990 p21 Ad
CN 23.07.2004 p21 Launched in 1982 by Derek Wallace

WALLACE TOTAL GAS
CN 26.04.1996 p15 Ad

WALLAS Family of gunmakers first noted in Wigton in 1811; Irwin Wallas traded in Wigton and Carlisle,1857 to 1873, as did William Wallas, who by 1880 had a Saturday stall in Carlisle Market Place and then a shop in Blackfriars Street circa 1906-1914, and Danial Wallas who had a shop in Carlisle circa 1941 to 1931.

WALLER STREET
City Minutes 1903-04 p194 Approval for 9 houses

WALL FIELD, Currock City Minutes 1932-33 p 692 Purchase of the Wall Field Blackwell Rd for houses

WALLIS, Catherine
City Minutes 1926-7 p633 Licensed to operate bus service to Wetheral

WALLIS, J.J. Bus services; started to Wetheral 04.08.1923; finished July 1929
D.Perriam Carlisle Remembered p62
City Minutes 1923-4 p588 Licensed to operate bus service Carlisle-Wetheral
CN 03.08.1973 p6

WALLS
Built between 1122 - 1200 with later extensive repairing and refacing, the latest work on the West Walls being 1988-89. The walls encompassed the medieval town, joining at the north end with the walls of the Castle; the Wall was surrounded by a deep ditch, access to th gateways being by drawbridge, the outer limits of the citch formed the city boundary; Walls demolished, except for long stretches of West Walls and part of north wall between the Castle and Castleway [opposite the Quaker Meeting House], between 1811 - 1815; in 1803 Dorothy Wordsworth commented ‘Walked upon the city walls, which are broken down in places and crumbling away, and most disgusting from filth; In 1828 the author Walter Scott wrote 'I have not forgiven them for destroying their quiet old walls...'
A number of buildings were constructed against the West Walls and these were demolished in 1988. The walls then needed partial rebuilding. The foundation stones from each of the demolished buildings was incorporated into the wall, namely, 'John Dixon, Mayor, 1840', the date for the West Walls police station, Thomas Milburn, Mayor, 1879' , the date for the police station extension, 'The Fawcett Schools, 1850' , [in Roman numerals] and a stone recording this restoration 'Cyril Webber, Mayor, 1988'; This last stone being unveiled on 21.04.1989. A further plaque is placed beside the West Walls Sallyport gate, which was revealed after the area was landscaped and cleared in 1973; The area within the walls was about 70 acres. Because of the roughly triangular nature of the city there were only East, West and North Walls; entrance into the city was through 3 main gates, Caldew Gate, Ricker Gate and Botchergate Gate; 1597/98 Phillipson’s Tower on city
walls used to house plague victims [ CWAAS 1971, vol 71 p59, and map opp p52]
West Walls about 3,000 feet in length, the East Walls 1,380 feet in length and the
North Walls 2,000 feet [Topping p27];Todays East Tower Street and West Tower Street take their names from the towers on the North Wall. Lowther Street today , from the Citadels to the entrance into the Lanes car park, runs along the line of the East Wall
See also West Walls, Gates, Springall Tower
Topping, G and Potter, J.J. Memorials of old Carlisle pp26-31
M.Constantine Carlisle a history and celebration p55 View of East Walls in 1792
CWAAS vol 76, 1976 pp 77-96 and 184-198
CAIH p10 City Walls
CJ 18.03.1960 p8 CN 14.06.1974 p6
1560s Elizabethan map of city shows walls [some broken down] and towers
Diary of D.Hodgkinson visit to city 02.06.1800, in Round Carlisle Cross, 1951 p119
Journals of Dorothy Wordsworth 16.08.1803 Comments on poor state of walls
CJ 07.06.1806 Walls to be entirely taken down, county court enlarged
Cumberland Pacquet 19.03.1811 English Gate demolished
Cumberland Pacquet 14.05.1811 Irish Gate removed
1811 view of Carlisle by F.Fielding shows north walls in partial state of demolition
February 1815 Scotch Gate taken down [CWAAS 1976, vol 76 p192]
CN 09.12.1988 p4 Along line of the old city walls (East Walls)
CN 09.03.1990 p4 City walls destroyed after long service
CN 07.06.1996 p10 Ups and downs of city’s defence
CN 19.11.1999 p12 The walls came tumbling down

WATLER WALL CARPETS
CN 30.07.2004 p 17 Opens in Charlotte St

WALTON, Jim
CN 22.09.1989 pp14-15 New identity for a long running motoring success

WALTON, Joseph Bootmaker, employing 4 men and 2 boys, aged 41, home address Church Street, Caldewgate, born Carlisle [1861 census]

WALTONS NURSERY Bellgarth Nursery, the Market
see also Bellgarth Nursery
1918 Electoral Register William, Robert and Jessie Walton
Photo of staff in 1940s Cumbria Gardens Trust Occasional Papers Vol 2 p50
CD 1952 Ad p345
Cumberland Directory 1954 Ad p263
CD 1955-56 Ad p244
CD 1955-56 Ad p267
CD 1961-62 Ad p289
CD 1966-68 Ad p288
CJ 20.04.1965 p9 (illus)
CN 16.02.1968 p12 Portrait of Gibson Walton

WANNOP, A.H. Castle Street
Dressmaking showrooms
CD 1902-03 Ad p231
CD 1905-06 Ad p88
CD 1907-08 Ad p118
CD 1910-11 Ad p148
CD 1913-14 Ad p150
CD 1920 Ad p6
CD 1924 Ad p212

WANNOP, William Greenmarket
Memories of Carlisle, chapter 7 photo with shop in background

WANSFELL AVENUE
CN 19.07.1991 p17 Street wins for sheer quality street

WAPPING Area around St Stephen’s Church
ENS 28.02.1987 pp8-9 Lost world of Wapping. Thirty years ago there were two hundred families in its dozen streets supporting a thriving church, a Methodist Mission, shops, a school and a champio silver band

WAR CRIMINALS
CN 12.01.2001 p6 Waffen SS soldier has lived in Carlisle most of life

WARD AIR COMMUNICATIONS Kingstown
CN 30.07.1993 p8 Ad

WARDROPE, Walter 1851 census has this master stone mason, aged 40, living at No 1 Solway Street, employing 3 to 4 men, born Longtown

WARDS
City Council Minutes 1883-84 01.12.1884 Report on rearrangement of Wards
City of Carlisle Yearbook 1930 p69 size of electorate by ward
CWAAS 3rd series Vol 5, 2005, p 219 Map showing ward boundaries 1912-1946

WARDS BUILDINGS; Junction Street; on 1861 census

WAR MEMORIAL City Centre War Memorial dedicated in 1990 by Duke of Gloucester
See also CENOTAPH
City Minutes 1918-19 p141 Report on public meeting on 26.03.1919
City Minutes 1918-19 p 596 To cooperate with scheme for purchase of Rickerby Pk
CN 17.03.1967 p15
CN 14.07.1989 p1 City war tribute plan - at last
CN 18.08.1989 p5 Memorial plan drops tradition
CN 25.08.1989 p1 War memorial plan under fire
CN 25.08.1989 p12 Think again
CN 01.09.1989 p9 War memorial takes new flak
CN 08.09.1989 p3 Old soldiers get ready to fight insult
CN 08.09.1989 p4 City war memorial
CN 08.09.1989 p6 Letters
CN 15.09.1989 p11 Peaceful end to row over war tribute
CN 03.11.1989 p25 Compromise on city war memorial
CN 10.11.1989 p29 Appeal plan for war memorial
CN 17.11.1989 p15 Backing memorial plan
CN 15.12.1989 p21 Memorial cross bid thrown out
CN 12.01.1990 p1 City call for a royal salute
Images of Carlisle Cumberland News p115 photo of dedication in 1990
CN 16.11.1990 p1 (illus) Duke dedicates war memorial

WARREN AND WOOD LTD Kingstown Trading Estate
Poultry specialists
Cumberland Directory 1954 Ad p271
CD 1955-56 Ad p277
CD 1961-62 Ad p294

WAR VETERANS
CN 19.07.1991 p6 Old soldiers to parade through centre

WARWICK AND CO Lowther Street
Photographer
CD 1902-03 Ad p20

WARWICK, J 46 Sheffield Street
Photographer
CD 1893-94 Ad p168
Carte de visite with this address noted. 46 Sheffield Street was also the address of the photographer H.Andrews. Another carte de visite has the address 82b Lowther Street, opposite Post Office, removed from Sheffield Street
1884 Carlisle Directory 46 Sheffield Street
CD 1893-94 Photographer 46 Sheffield St

WARWICK, John Family of Masons, the father dying 25.04.1743; [Monumental Inscription St Cuthbert’s Yard]

WARWICK ROAD Street laid out as a turnpike road to Brampton 1829-30; town end at first called Henry Street; opposite Catholic Church originally called Cavendish Place
B/CAR 333.33 Sale of 58,251,253,255 on 25.06.1913
CJ 15.04.1826 p2f Relief of poor; proposed new road Lowther St / Botcherby Bridge
CJ 22.04.1826 p2f New road English St / Botcherby Bridge; £300 subscribed
June 1846 Jane Greene of Cavendish Place died [Christ Church Memorials no 29]
CP 02.02.1856 p1c Modern built dwelling for sale
CP 30.04.1864 p1 Ad; No 7 Cavendish Place to let
CP 06.03.1874 p1 Ad; 12,14,16 Brunton Place for sale; recently erected
Council minutes 05.02.1883 18/607 Recommend whole street named Warwick Rd
Council Minutes 1902-03 p495 Resolved to renumber Warwick Road
CJ 31.12.1918 Deeds of Cavendish House, no 83, dated 1832 for T.Woodrow
Carlisle an illustrated history p87 photo of present day Cavendish Hse
Images of Carlisle Cumberland News p166 Flooded in 1968 - photo
CN 09.07.1971 pp11-13 (illus) Repairs
CN 25.08.1972 p6 State of in 1828
CN 20.07.1973 p6 (illus) About 1930
ENS 29.08.1978 p5 A pub crawl into history
CN 07.02.1992 p1 300 jobs instore for city
CN 16.01.1998 p3 Licence granted for new city pub
CN 21.08.1998 p3 (Illus) Arson hotel - Kingfisher Estate
CN 18.12.1998 p25 Soccer - history
CN 25.02.2000 p1 Bid to build big hotel on site of drug den
CN 12.10.2001 p13 Letter; permission for 6 houses behind 280 Warwick Rd
CN 13.06.2003 p8 No funding for housing scheme behind 280 Warwick Rd
CN 26.09.2003 p7 Story of the circus ground at top of Warwick Road
16.04.2005 Demolition in progress on 259 Warwick Rd, Carlisle United club shop latterly, first property on east side of road leading to Carlisle United ground
CN 03.11.2006 p30 D.Perriam; birth of Warwick Rd

WARWICK ROAD; BRUNTON PLACE
Would appear to now be the block nos 239-273 Warwick Road; no 247 has a plaque inset into gable end with the date 1847; all this block appears on Asquith’s 1853 map of the city
B/CAR 333.33 For sale 20.12.1907

WARWICK ROAD; CAVENDISH HOUSE Built for Rev Thomas Woodrow, grandfather of Woodrow Wilson, President of the USA
CJ 31.12.1918 Deeds of Cavendish House, no 83, dated 1832 for T.Woodrow
Carlisle an illustrated history p87 photo of present day Cavendish Hse

WARWICK ROAD; CONGRESS GROUND
B/CAR 333.333 For sale 23.07.1924
City Minutes 1925-6 p175 Proposal to erect 4 shops on Congress Hall site
CN 06.02.1970 p12

WARWICK ROAD PETROL STATION; 421559 Never reopened after the january 2005 floods. Site under demolition week before and during week 21st Febriary 2008

WARWICK ROAD SCHOOL
CP 16.12.1870 80 children attending Mr Irving master

WARWICK SQUARE First noted on 1881 census
CP 24.03.1882 p1 To let no 6 Warwick Square East

WARWICK SQUARE NURSING HOME
Established as Carlisle and North of England Trained Nurses’ Home at 18-19 Warwick Square in 1900. By 1927 the home was known as the North of England Nursing Home. The evidence of a birth certificate in 1929 giving this as place of birth suggests it was a maternity home at this time. By 1952 it had become Warwick Square Nursing Home, 19 Warwick Square, and it remained at this address until at least 1955-56
CD 1952 Ad p212

WARWICK STREET
George Smith’s 1752 Map of the Soccage Lands of Carlisle calls the area which is today Corporation Road, Warwick Street and Dixon St Battle Holm and Hangmans Close. No houses are marked on Hangmans Close or Battle Holm The name Battle Holm is apparently meant to indicate battle in a judicial sense

A published map of 1815 of Carlisle shows an unnamed road extending from the southern end of the new Eden bridges, built 1812 – 1815, connecting to Finkle Street and so through Annetwell Street, Caldewgate and all points west.

Woods 1821 Map of Carlisle shows this road and names it the ‘New Road’. It was built across Corporation land, hence the later name. The 1821 map marks the land to the north of the New Road’ as ‘Properties of the Corporation’; that to the south of the road being owned by the Duke of Devonshire. An area around here is still called ‘Hangmans Close’ on the 1821 map. The 1844 Directory map still calls it The New Road and there are no buildings shown on it except at the elbow with Rickergate. By the time of the 1851 census the New Road has become Corporation Road

Peter Dixon had the Shaddongate Cotton Mill. Dixon expanded his textile works in 1849 and built additional works in the West Tower Street area. New streets were laid out. Warwick Street was laid out in 1855 [Dixon’s had a cotton factory at Warwick on Eden]. His name is remembered in the adjoining Peter Street, first noted on the 1861 census and Dixon Street, first noted in the Carlisle directory of 1858

The buildings on Warwick Street were demolished in 1939 to make way for the new fire and police stations which were opened on 16.08.1940 and 17.04.1941 respectively. On the south side of Warwick Street, opposite the fire station, were built attractive cottages for permanent members of the fire brigade. The main contractor for the two new stations was John Laing. The buildings are faced in Greenlaw stone from Northumberland and the architect was Percy Dalton.

In 1964 some of the houses in this area were declared unfit for human habitation, the Cumberland News of 08.05.1964 saying that inspectors had found some houses in the area were without internal water and inside toilets. There was a public inquiry and the Cumberland News in September 1964 reported that an appeal by property owners against demolition had been rejected by the Ministry of Housing and Local Government and a total of 95 properties on Corporation Road, Dixon St, Dacre St, Solway Terrace and Clifford St were to be demolished

Castleway, part of stage two of the inner ring road, officially opened on 27.03.1974. The construction of the road was over parts of the west end of Corporation Road as well as what was Solway Street, Solway Terrace and Dacre Street. Dixon Street and Clifford although still there in name today lie under Castleway.
Ca/ E4/2775 Warwick Street; 1852, architect Jas Stewart for Peter Dixon
CJ 23.12.1938 p8 Demolition of buildings
Carlisle the Archive Photographs, p59 photo, demolished 1939

WASH AND GAS
CN 21.06.1991 p20 Ad p20
CN 01.11.1996 p14 Wash and Gas - at your service

WASTE DISPOSAL
See also Recycling
CN 01.12.1989 p3 Recycling in pipeline
CN 25.09.1992 p1 Waste plan raises stink
CN 02.10.1992 p1 No dustbin claims firm
CN 09.10.1992 p17 Friends attcks on incinerator
CN 16.10.1992 p1 MP refuses to speak
CN 30.10.1992 p27 Council gets ready for a waste battle
CN 30.10.1992 p27 Waste firm hits at critics
CN 06.11.1992 p1 Boost for waste plant campaign
CN 06.11.1992 p5 Incinerator plan firm hits back
CN 13.11.1992 p12 The burning issue
CN 20.11.1992 p1 Greens say no to secret talks
CN 27.11.1992 pp6,16 Letters
CN 08.01.1993 p1 Reject waste burners says FOE
CN 15.01.1993 p9 Report clears waste plant
CN 05.02.1993 p15 Waste plant war of words goes on
CN 05.02.1993 p6 City waste plan comes under fire
CN 05.03.1993 p3 Incinerator plan traffic worry
CN 07.05.1993 p25 New turn in battle over incinerator
CN 30.12.1993 p3 Waste site on the move - Rome Street
CN 25.02.1994 p25 Waste plant will be in Cumbria
CN 23.08.2002 p13 Letter critical of Council’s approach to waste management

WASTE GROUNGS
1610; so called on the Survey of the Soccage lands of Carlisle, [original in Howard of Naworth Archive, Durham Univerity, ref C49/1. See Northern History Vol XX, 1984]

WASTE PAPER RECOVERY
See also Recycling
CJ 19.05.1942 p1 Tentative plans proposed
CN 01.12.1989 p3 Recycling in pipeline

WATER see WATER SUPPLY

WATERGATE LANE Near John Street; so marked on Wood’s 1821 map of city
CJ 31.05.1817 p1 Cotton Mill at Water-Gate Lane, erected in last 14 years containing 24,480 Mule spindles, six storeys
CJ 23.09.1826 p1f Ad. 22 dwelling rooms newly built for sale

WATERLOO FOUNDRY Waterloo Foundry, Water Street, west side of station [location 1851,Ward’s Directory]; so named on the 1860s 50 inch survey of Carlisle on the corner of Wood Street and Water Street; 1847 Directory Thomas Burgess Waterloo Foundry; marked on Asquith’s large scalemap of Carlisle dated 1853; 1901 Waterloo Foundry, St Nicholas Street [Bulmer 1901], moving there following the enlargement of the railway station [CWAAS OS vol 6 p430]
See also ; Burgess and Hayton; Daniel Clark; White Brothers
CN 23.12.1977 p4

WATERLOO HOUSE; St NIcholas 1901 census Mary Hayward aged 63 living here, a relation of Daniel Clark, ironfounder at the Waterloo Foundry
1918 Electoral Register Waterloo House Daniel Clark Hayward

WATERLOO INN
CN 13.07.1979 p1

WATERS, J Scotch Street
Milliner
Leading Trader of the City p44 Ad A616

WATER STREET
City Minutes 1931-32 p70 Nos 37,39,41 and 43 unfit for human habitation

WATER SUPPLY Before 1848 all drinking water in city from wells; from 01.04. 1848 water pumped from pumping station at Stony Holme [ photo of Stony Holme pumping station in Carlisle the Archive Photographs p79] into a reservoir at Harraby Hill for public consumption; ‘ The height of the reservoir will be forty feet above the level of the flagging of the gaol, being the highest ground in Carlisle. With such a pressure as this elevation will produce, the houses, even in this district, may be supplied to a height of 35 feet above the ground’ [ Mannix 1847 p144]acquired by Corporation in 1866; Geltsdale Reservoir began 1902; 16.08.1906 inauguration of water supply from Geltsdale Reservoir for city; August 1909 the Geltsdale Reservoir completed becoming the main supply for the city; 1956 Carlisle Corporation Water Order allowing abstraction of water from River Eden; 22.05.1962 Waterworks Augmentation Scheme officially opened at Cumwhinton Treatment Works
CAIH p67 Water
Local Government Octocentenary Brochure pp 25-29 1BC 352
Topper Off Summer 1949 p2
Topper Off Easter 1950 p48
CJ 16.05.1865 p3 CJ 06.10.1865 p4 CJ 13.10.1865 pp4,6
CJ 07.11.1865 p3 CJ 21.11.1865 p3
CN 14.10.1950 p4 CN 06.01.1951 p5 CN 27.08.1954 p10 CN 13.05.1955 p10
CN 21.10.1955 p10 CN 28.10.1955 p10 CN 11.11.1955 p10
CN 02.12.1955 p10 CN 27.01.1956 p8 (illus) CN 29.06.1956 p1
CJ 13.07.1956 p1 CN 13.07.1956 p1
1820 see G.Topping Memories of Carlisle p135 Pumps and wells
CP 30.11.1839 pp2,3 Letters about supply and problems
CJ 30.01.1847 p3a-b Carlisle Water Company Annual Meeting
CJ 20.03.1847 p2f Ad; Waterworks; contract for engine house and filterbeds
CJ 03.04.1847 p2d T. Nelson contract for engine hse; Mr Head to contribute
1850 General Board of Health Enquiry. R.Rawlinson pp63 Report on water supply
CJ 13.01.1865 pp4,6 Transferred to city
CJ 07.04.1865 p5 Visit to Bowscale and Scales Tarns
CJ 12.05.1865 p6 Discussion
CJ 08.12.1865 p6 Council purchase of water works
CJ 17.07.1868 p4d Completion of new waterworks
City Council Minutes 1885-86 24 page pamphlet at rear
City Council 09.12.1886 p29 Extension to waterworks to be opened 10.12.1886
City Council Minutes 1885/86 Short Sketch of the Carlisle Water Supply
City Council Minutes 1891-92 pp279-288 Report on increased demand for water
City Counicl Minutes 1893-94 p194 Reasons for increased demands for water
City Council Minutes 1893-94 pp 208 -09 Instances of poor water supply in city
City Council Minutes 1896-97 p 486-518, 3 proposed schemes
CP 11.02.1898 p7a Corporation Water Bill
CP 11.02.1898 p3c Water schemes; petition against Carlisle Bill
CP 25.02.1898 p5a Carlisle water Bill
CP 18.03.1898 p6a,b Water Bill
CP 13.05.1898 p5d,e; p6 a-e Carlisle water Bill passed; decision of committee
City Minutes 1905-06 p521 Turning on the supply for the city
CJ 17.08.1906 pp5,6 Water turned on; history of water schemes
M.Constantine Carlisle a history and celebration pp90-1 Photo of opening ceremony
City Minutes 1928/9 pp696-727 Report on increasing filtration plant and pressure
CJ 12.12.1939 p1 Demand for water in Carlisle
CJ 15.05.1942 p4 Water scheme
CN 02.07.1949 p5 1847 first pipe water inaugurated
ENS 04.01.1956 p1 City’s water scheme
ENS 06.02.1956 City reservoirs half empty
ENS 05.06.1956 p1 City faces another water crisis
ENS 05.07.1960 p1 Water ‘take over’ confirmed
CJ 08.07.1960 pp1,9 Extension into Border area
CN 08.07.1960 pp1,7,10 Extension into Border area
CN 22.07.1960 p13 Extension into Border area
CN 10.02.1961 p1 (illus) Cumwhinton works
Civic Affairs April 1961 p1 The Water Department
Civic Affairs July 1962 p1 Cumwhinton Augmentation Scheme officially opened
CN 25.05.1962 p3 Augmentation scheme
CN 24.01.1964 p11Tunnel under Eden
CN 11.02.1972 p2 (illus) Water Works
CN 11.10.1974 p40 City ignores threat of pollution
CN 22.11.1974 p1 Pollution could soar
CN 11.12.1987 p4 Waterworks moved to preserve a view
CN 14.10.1988 p4 Water supplies not fit for animals
CN 22.02.1991 p4 100 years ago
CN 04.04.1997 p10 The day Carlisle got tapped water, all for a penny a week
CN 13.09.2002 p8 Extra water from Eden needed to safeguard Carlisle Supply
CN 15.11.2002 p14 City water quality improvement; part of £20m upgrade
CN 10.10.2008 p34 D.Perriam. Waterworks history. Engine delivered 55,000 gallons of water per minute

WATERTON COURT, Durranhill
CN 20.08.2004 p79 Development at converted Durranhill House

WATERTON HALL Warwick Square; named after Canon Waterton
City Minutes 1901-02 p302 Approval for new hall
23.09.2007 Hall under demolition at this time; Story the builders to put up housing on site and build a new parish hall for nearby Our Lady’s and St Joseph’s Catholic Church

WATERWAYS
CN 20.08.1993 p4 Memories of the Dam

WATSON, C.G. Bridge Street
Hairdresser and tobacconist
CD 1952 Ad p88

WATSON, Thomas Castle Street
India rubber and leather gloves
CD 1880 Ad pxl

WATSON, Thomas Castle Street
Painters and decorator
1861 census, Thomas Watson, home Bird in Hand Lane, Castle St, aged 31
CD 1880 Ad pxxx
Images of Carlisle Cumberland News p37 Photo showing exterior

WATSONS, 17 Scotch St
Clogger
1901 census; 3 East Tower St,Betsy Watson, clogger, widw, aged 62, born Carlisle
E.Nelson Around Carlisle p41 Photo of T.Watson outside shop, 1925; closed 1979
Carlisle a photographic recollection; J.Templeton photo of East Tower St shop p21
Carlisle in old picture postcards view 33 East Tower St corner

WATSON STREET
City Minutes 1890-91 item 193 approval to lay out new street
City Minutes 28.04.1893 item 475 Approval for 16 dwelling houses
Over the Garden Wall; life of Donald Scott pp 7-8 Life in Watson St in 1930s

WATT, J and W Caldew Garage,Metcalfe Street
CD 1966-68 Ad p274

WATT, John and J.W. Tea Merchants
Carlisle; Archival photographs p12 photo of shop on Glover’s Row

WATTS COFFEE SHOP Bank Street; founded 1865; moved to Bank Street from Glover’s Row in 1897
Carlisle from the Kendall Collection pp7,11
Alan Porter Carlisle Gold Club 1908 - 2008 p 51 Portrait of Harry J.Watt
V.White Carlisle and its Villages p22 Drawing of shop
ENS 25.03.1939 p2 John Watt Advertised opening 13.07.1865 at 87 Green Market
Cumbria Life Sept/Oct 1992 p45 2A 9
CN 02.12.1994 p5 (illus) City goes expresso bonkers
CN 06.09.1996 p4 Watt a display - ad
CN 24.01.1997 p17 Old shops and a way of life gone for ever
Cumbria Life February 2000 p110 2A 9
CN 23.02.2001 p1 (illus) Quarrel with tenant; Ashley Kendall v Marzley Johnstone
CN 31.10.2003 p1 Owner Ashley Kendall to retire
CN 16.04.2004 p8 Early family history; founded by brothers James and John Watt
CN 15.07.2005 p13 Letter correcting above article

WATTS VICTORIAN COFFEE SHOP Lowther Street; becomes Townhouse tea and coffee rooms May 2001
CN 18.05.2001 p7 Marzley moves to new premises

WAUGH, Fred
City Minutes 1926-7 p633 Licensed to operate bus service to Carleton

WAUGH, George Green Market
M442 p22 Business receipt for grocer and tallow chandler

WAUGH, John Leather merchant, died 10.04.1818 [Monumental Inscription St Mary’s Churchyard, the Cathedral; no 204]

WAVERLEY BRIDGE Newtown
CN 26.06.1998 p3 Repair work to start

WAVERLEY ROAD
City Minutes 1932-33 p 415 Approval for 4 houses; owner A.Hoodless
ENS 19.01.1966 p8 Road conditions

WAYNE LEE MOTOR SPORT
CN 24.05.2002 p17 Rally car business started

WCF FUELS
CN 12.03.1993 p20 Ad

WEATHER Record for 24 hours of rainfall possibly 2.9 inches on the 16.10.1967 9am to 17.10.1967 9am; 3.5. inches falls in 24 hour period in city, 11/12th October [CN 14.10.2005 p]
See also Floods
1757 G.Carlyle began his rainfall record at Carlisle [CWAAS ns Vol 48 p138]
1801-1824 Weather stats pp21-5 General Board of Health Report, 1850, 1BC625
25.05.1807 Thermometer at 85 General Board of Health Report, 1850, p21 1BC625
17.01.1814 Thermometer at -2 General Board of Health Report, 1850, p21 1BC625
CP 01.12.1821 p3b Height of Eden scarcely greater; worst storms since 1789
CP 09.02.1822 p3Storm and flood; exceeded blast of 1st December
CJ 07.09.1826 p2e Monthly rainfall figures for Carlisle; January - August
CJ 12.01.1839 p2f,g Worst storm in living memory
CJ 06.02.1847 p3e Meteorological journal for city; Jan 1847, rain, temp
CJ 12.12.1856 p8 Great Flood at Carlisle; greatest flood since 1822
CP 22.01.1875 Destructive storm; most intense since 1839; chimneys down
26.01.1884 Severe gales in city
18.02.1892 Thermometer 11’5 degrees below zero in city
31.01.1895 Severe frost in city
CP 17.01.1896 Severe gale; Cathedral suffered considerable damage
CP 22.03.1907 Great Storm; Eden at Caledonian Bridge 17 feet 10 inch
City Minutes 1910-11 p401 Monthly rainfall at cemetery 1900-1910
City Minutes 1911-12 pp428-431 Meteorological Statistics
City Minutes 1912-13 pp501-505 Meteorological Statistics
City Minutes 1913-14 pp618-623 Weather Statistics; rainfall etc
City Minutes 1914-15 pp 481-486 Weather statistics
City Minutes 1915-16 p287 Rainfall statistics
City Minutes 1916-17 p 257 Rainfall statistics
City Minutes 1917-18 p 250 Rainfall statistics - Carlisle Cemetery
City Minutes 1918-19 p306 Rainfall statistics
Sanitary Conditions for the City of Carlisle 1919 p 90 Rainfall statistics for 1919
Sanitary Conditions for the City of Carlisle 1921 p14 Rainfall statistics for 1921
Sanitary Conditions for the City of Carlisle 1922 p 14 Rainfall statistics for 1922
Sanitary Conditions for the City of Carlisle 1923 p11 Rainfall statistics for 1923
Sanitary Conditions for the City of Carlisle 1924 p 14 Rainfall statistics for 1924
Sanitary Conditions for the City of Carlisle 1926 p 20 Rainfall statistics for 1926
CJ 21.09.1926 Great floods; heaviest rainfall for 25 years in city
Sanitary Conditions for the City of Carlisle 1927 p20 Rainfall statistics for 1927
Sanitary Conditions for the City of Carlisle 1928 p 20 Rainfall statistics for 1928
Sanitary Condition of the City of Carlisle 1929 p20 Rainfall statistics for 1929
1930 Report of Sanitary Administration for Carlisle p 26 Rainfall statistics for 1930
1931 Report of Sanitary Administration for Carlisle p 17 Rainfall statistics for 1931
1932 Report of Sanitary Administration for Carlisle p 18 Rainfall statistics for 1932
CJ 04.01.1946 p1 Rainfall for 1945
CN 06.04.1946 p5 Temperature and hours of sunshine
CN 18.05.1946 p5 Figures for 1946
CN 13.06.1946 p5 Hours of sunshine
CN 17.08.1946 p5 Hours of sunshine
CN 21.12.1946 p7 Figures for 1946
CN 05.02.1949 p5 Mild January
CN 05.03.1949 p5 Mild February
CN 07.05.1949 p5 April rainfall
CN 25.06.1949 p5 Heat wave
CN 29.10.1949 p5 2.95’’ rainfall in 24 hours
CN 07.10.1950 p5 September 6.27 inches; previous records
CN 12.02.1988 p24 Worst storms for 20 years
CN 18.01.1991 p3 Snow snarl ups sparks roads row
CN 08.11.1996 p3 Victims hit by freak storm count cost
CN 29.11.1996 p1 Hundreds without power as freezing weather takes its toll
CN 06.12.1996 p5 (illus) Blizzard wizards praised
CN 12.09.1997 p4 Salt scouts plan to keep winter roads snow free
CN 05.12.1997 p5 (illus) The week of 100 accidents
CN 10.11.2000 p7 The day the rains came down
CN 01.03.2002 p8 Week of bad weather; one of wettest Februarys ever
CN 10.01.2003 p1 Icy weather shuts local schools; 7 days of freezing weather
CN 08.08.2003 p1 Temp. peaks at 31C last Tuesday
CN 13.08.2004 p 3 Double August rainfall in 4 days
CN 14.10.2005 p1 3.5. inches falls in 24 hour period in city, 11/12th October

WEAVERS
See also Dixon’s; Handloom weavers
CP 20.02.1819 p1 Power looms for sale; 62 pair of Patent Looms...
CP 08.05.1819 p3a Weavers displeasure at price of gingham; send us to America
CP 22.05.1819 p3c Letter concerning the poor quality of gingham now produced
CP 29.05.1819 p2b Petition to House of Commons concerning plight of weavers
CP 29.05.1819 p3 c,d Appeal concerning wretchedness of weavers in city
CP 05.06.1819 p3b,c Meeting between weavers and employers; no compromise
CP 12.06.1819 p3b Dispute between weavers and employers
CP 19.06.1819 p3b 1,500 weavers employed in city and neighbourhood
CP 26.06.1819 p3a,b Weavers still hold out for more wages
CP 03.07.1819 p3d Handbill from Weavers Committee
CP 24.07.1819 p3a-c Greater part of men silently returning to work
CP 11.09.1819 p 4b,c Letter concerning causes of national distress
CJ 13.05.1826 p3c Letter concerning plight of weavers; reasons for distress
CJ 20.05.1826 p3c Letter concerning plight of cotton weavers in city
CJ 20.05.1826 p3a Distress in city mainly in cotton manufacturing
CJ 03.06.1826 p3b Letter about plight of weavers;rejection of statement on wages
28.06.1838 Mr Head of Rickerby slaughters heifers for starving weavers
CP 03.08.1861 p8 Letter from Richard Brown; Sec. of the Soc.of Carlisle Weavers
CJ 15.12.1863 p3 Emigration
CJ 24.10.1865 p2 Grievance meeting
CN 22.03.1924 p9 18th century Carlisle
CN 24.01.1992 p4 A squalid life for weavers
CN 31.01.1992 p4 City election rioting quelled by army
CN 07.02.1992 p4 Repeat performance by rioting weavers
CN 21.08.1992 p4 Turbulent times in battle over wages

WEAVERS ARMS John Street; in local directories from 1850 to 1861; may have become afterwards the Sportsmans Arms Inn and then the Bricklayers; 1861 Joseph Gallery, innkeeper, aged 40, born Carlisle

WEAVERS ARMS Shaddongate; in local directories from 1837 to 1869; Thomas Jackson, innkeeper, aged 63, born Pryor Rigg [1861 census]

WEAVERS BANK Constructed 1816-19 by unemployed weavers
CP 17.04.1819 p 3a Progress embankment from new Eden Bridges to Castle Walk
CP 24.07.1819 p3a Floods held back by newly formed bank
CJ 13.05.1921 p5
CN 16.03.2001 p7 Jobless weavers gave city a riverside walk

WEAVERS’ GUILD see GUILDS

WEB OFFSET Print Works
CN 17.03.1978 p3 CN 23.03.1978 p13
CN 05.12.1980 p1 Redundancies
CN 20.11.1981 p19 Closure
CN 27.11.1981 p23 Closure
CN 23.12.1988 p23 Printworks sold
CN 01.12.1995 p16 All systems go; Ad
CN 12.03.1999 p1 11th hour bid to rescue plant
CN 19.03.1999 p3 MP in top level talks over closure
CN 25.06.1999 p2 Printworks closes

WEBSTER CRES So nmAed after F.G.Webster, the Town Clerk

WEDDINGS
Our City Our People, M.Edwards p5 Description of wedding at Upperby in 1884
ENS 11.02.1983 p4 History
CN 15.06.1990 p1 Salute for the bride
Cumbria Life no 21 March/ April 1992 pp12-15 Old photos showing dresses 2A 9
CN 10.11.1995 p5 City brides say get me to the church
CN 24.04.1998 Supplement
Cumbria Life April 2000 pp48-9
CN 29.12.2000 p2 End of special licensing; now statutory 51 day wait

WEIGH BRIDGE COTTAGE Solway St; Built 1855; ceased to be used for public weighing 1941; demolished December 1964
Carlisle in Camera 1 p13 photo
CN 20.03.1964 p8 (illus)
CJ 11.12.1964 p11 (illus) Demolished

WELCH’S SQUARE By the Castle
See also Welsh’s Square
ENS 10.07.1972 p7 Engraving of the now demolished square

WELDED PRODUCTS London Road
Welders, engineers
CD 1931 Ad p300
CD 1934 Ad p64

WELL BANK On the electoral register from 1922, when only one property is listed, in 1923 there are three houses listed and Well Bank Place appears, Seven Well Bank is so named on the 1863-5 Ordnance Survey sheet; Well Flat was a field name here mentioned in the Parliamentary survey of 1650. The Carlisle Patriot of 09.09.1865 reporting on the laying of the Cornerstone of St James Church said that only one well remained and this was marked with an inscribed stone, the paper continued that in ancient times public baptisms were held here
See also Well Flatt

WELL FLATT Placename mentioned in quitclaim of 10.01.1360/1 [CWAAS Vol 71, 1971, p59]; place name on Asquith’s 1853 plan of city [on what is now Dalston Road] ; Arthur Parker of Well Flatt died 07.01.1885 [Monumental Inscription 430/27]
1829 Directory p172 John Wilson, Gentleman Well Flatt
CJ 06.06.1829 p1 To be sold newly erected dwelling house, out houses and farm buildings occupied by late john Wison
The Citizen 01.05.1839 p320 John Wilson of Welll Flatt died aged 79
CJ 03.10.1846 A magnifient aple of the old square species has been sent to us from Well Flatt...from the orchard of Mr Mathers
1847 Directory p172 John Mathers, Well Flat
CJ 10.09.1858 Death of Miss Sarah Mathers, aged 81
CJ 29.03.1861 Fire in stack Yard, Mr Wilson
CJ 12.04.1861 Dwelling house and garden to let, apply Mr Wilson
CJ 05.06.1863 p1 Dwelling house, 3 bedrooms to let
CJ 05.07.1867p8g death ref to Cottage at Well Flatt tenanted by John Lancaster
CJ 27.01.1871 p3 John Lancaster died at Well Flatt, aged 66
15.04.1891 Charlotte Moses of Well Flatt died [MI 13/4]
CJ 29.05.1894 Obit of William Wilson, grocer, who farmed at Well Flatt
North Cumberland Reformer 02.06.1894 p2 W.Wilson died aged 80
1901 census Well Flatt Farm; Jonathan Rowe, farm worker, aged 26, born Ainstable
1901 census Well Flatt House; Esther Tinniswood, 53, bn Knottingley, Yorks
1901 census Well Flatt Cottage; Thomas Mitchell, groom, bn Dalston, aged 33
1918 Electoral Register; Well Flatt Janet and Jonathan Sander
1918 Electoral Register; Well Flatt Farm John and Martha Glendinning
1918 Electoral Register; Well Flatt CottageMary Ann Allison
CN 13.02.2004 p3 Well Flatt Farm sold for development; photographs
CN 20.02.2004 p13 letter; memory of My Wylie tenant farmer
CN 14.05.2004 p3 Objections to development
CN 11.02.2005 p6 Site cleared by developer Parsimmon

WELLINGTON St Cuthbert’s Lane; in directories to 1861

WELLINGTON CLUB
Round Carlisle Cross Vol 2 The Wellington 1814-1859 pp 95-103
CP 12.06.1819 p1c Ad for annual dinner of Wellington Club

WELLINGTON HOTEL/INN English Street; in local directories from 1844; amalgamated with the Three Crowns in 1916; Old Baronial Hall erected 1906 demolished 1916
S.Davidson Carlisle Breweries and Public Houses 1894 - 1916, pp84-6
1841 census; James Bell, innkeeper, aged 35
CP 03.06.1854 p1 Wellington Inn to let; rebuilt of white stone in the last year
CP 26.05.1855 p1 Ad Mr Holywell entered into Wellington Inn opposite Gaol
1861 census Ann Holywell, aged 55, innkeeper, born Wigton
1891 census; John Nicholson, wine merchant, bn Buckabank, aged 41
1901 census; Joseph Bouch, manager wine and spirit stores, aged 33, bn Liverpool
ENS 05.10.1916 Amalgamated with Three Crowns
CN 06.08.1949 p5 (illus) Baronial Hall Oak
CN 20.08.1949 p5 Baronial Hall Oak
ENS 19.06.1968 Supplement; Birth of a new Citadel
CN 31.05.1991 p4 (illus)
CN 12.05.2000 p12 Hearts of oak in cathedral’s pubs and church

WELLINGTON PLACE see VICTORIA ROAD

WELL LANE, Stanwix Named after a well in this area. At the bottom of the lane a WWII pill box covers the Brampton Rd

WELLS Before 1848 all city drinking water supply from wells
See also Hyssop Holme Well
Jefferson,S; History and Antiquites of Carlisle, 1838, p83 Market place draw well
CWAAS NS Vol 3 p414 3 wells founded during reconstruction of Crown and Mitre
CN 03.09.1971 p14
CJ 08.09.1865 p5 Seven wells bank
CN 09.07.1949 p5 Deepest well in the country 870 - Lakeland Laundry
CN 08.11.1963 p12
CN 27.10.1989 p4 Ancient well gets a clean up
CN 03.12.1999 p15 From church (St James) to plague
CN 08.02.2008 p34 History of wells in city; D.Perriam

WELLS, Miss Lonsdale Street
Dress and mantle maker
Guide to Carlisle Ad C178
1882 Porters Directory Ad p144 M.Wells 23 Lonsdale St

WELLSPRING VICTORY CHURCH Began July 1992; bought an old warehouse in Tyne St for centre

WELL WELL WELL Mineral water
Mineral water
CN 01.02.2002 p16 Bottled firm opens distribution centre at Kingmoor Park

WELSH, John Tailor of this city 12.06.1844; Monumental Inscription St Cuthbert’s Yard

WELSH HOUSE, Harraby Old peoples home
CN 19.08.1966 p11 (illus)

WELSH ROAD, Harraby First appears on the 1938-39 Electoral Register. Elizabeth Welsh was a local councilor

WELSH’S SQUARE; Finkle Street
See also Welch’s Square
City Minutes 1902-03 p 214 Uninhabitable rooms because of dampness

WENDY HOUSE NURSERY Blackwell Road
CN 20.11.1998 p16 Opening
CN 27.11.1998 p13 Wendy is our darling

WERRIEHOLME
1610; so called on the Survey of the Soccage lands of Carlisle, [original in Howard of Naworth Archive, Durham Univerity, ref C49/1. See Northern History Vol XX, 1984]

WESLEYAN METHODISTS see METHODISM/ METHODISTS

WEST CUMBERLAND FARMERS
See also WCF
CN 05.05.1967 p9 (illus) CN 02.04.1976 p15 (illus)
CN 16.04.1987 p19 Annual report
CN 07.10.1988 p19 WCF profits get 9% boost
CN 18.01.1991 p9 WCF sells off gas division
CN 25.01.1991 p7 Depot closure ‘secrecy’ row

WEST END DAIRY John Street
Ice cream
CD 1952 Ad p88

WEST END DYERS AND CLEANERS Silloth Street, Warwick Road
CD 1952 Ad p290

WEST END TEMPERANCE HALL Church Street/ Wigton Road
Foundation stone laid 11.02.1861
CN 17.11.1961 p12 (illus)
CN 19.01.2001 p9 When ‘Down with drink became the battle cry’

WEST END TEMPERANCE SOCIETY Formed 26.05.1860

WESTERN SMT Closed their Lonsdale Street depot/ station which they had shared with the Caledonian and used Lowther Street Bus Station from 1968; closed their Carlisle depot in 1981

WESTMINSTER BANK Devonshire Street
CD 1931 Ad p10

WESTMORLAND COURT On electoral register from 2002-03

WESTMORLAND STREET
CJ 21.11.1879 p5 Westmorland St laid out in 1877

WEST OF SCOTLAND UPVC WINDOWS
CN 25.08.1989 p10 Ad

WESTRIGG ROAD CHILDREN’S HOME; Morton
CN 17.09.2004 p5 Report on home closed for restructuring

WEST TOWER STREET So named in reference to the towers upon the city walls
Carlisle Examiner 13.12.1859 p3c Temporary Church - Church of England
Images of Carlisle Cumberland News p74 1970 and 1979 photos of street
CN 12.11.1993 p8 Quality Street from Market to Carlisle

WEST TOWER STREET SPIRIT VAULTS In local directories from 1861 to 1913/14

WEST TOWER STREET TOWER TAVERN
City Minutes 1918-19 p92 Withdrawl of licence

WEST VIEW Northumberland Road
Boarding and day school
CD 1893-94 Ad p14
CP 07.02.1896 p8a West View, Northumberland Rd, boarding and state schoos for ladies; conducted by Misses Thorpe
CD 1902-03 Ad p5

WEST WALLS
See also Sally Port; Town Dyke Orchard; Walls
A number of buildings were constructed against the West Walls and these were demolished in 1988. The walls then needed partial rebuilding. The foundation stones from each of the demolished buildings was incorporated into the wall, namely, 'John Dixon, Mayor, 1840', the date for the West Walls police station, Thomas Milburn, Mayor, 1879' , the date for the police station extension, 'The Fawcett Schools, 1850' , [in Roman numerals] and a stone recording this restoration 'Cyril Webber, Mayor, 1988'; This last stone being unveiled on 21.04.1989. A further plaque is placed beside the West Walls Sallyport gate, which was revealed after the area was landscaped and cleared in 1973
CAIH p10 City Walls
CWAAS 1976, lxxvi pp 77-79, 184 - 198
CN 26.06.1970 p14 (illus) CN 14.06.1974 p6 CN 12.04.1985 p4
CP 26.04.1823 Part of wall by former Irish Gate demolished to make way for house
CJ 24.01.1851 letter complaining against church to be built below West Walls
1876 Victoria Viaduct constructed destroying more of West Walls
Sanitary Condition of Carlisle 1926 p71 8 houses demolished for Caldew Bridge
Carlisle in Camera 1 p44 photo of buildings at West end of St, demolished 1924-26
CJ 18.03.1960 p8 This is the story of West Walls
CJ 28.06.1968 pp16-17 Dilapidated state of West Walls
1973 area immediately below West Walls landscaped
CN 23.03.1990 p4 Dean who saved West Walls
CN 19.11.1999 p12 The Walls come tumbling down
CN 26.05.2000 p8 Dean who couldn’t stand the din
CN 30.11.2001 p10 Stonemasons preserve Cathedral wall bordering West Walls
CN 09.12.2005 p7 Scaffolding for 47-51 will have to come down after 18 months
NUMBER 53
CN 20.04.2007 p p76 53 West Walls for sale

WEST WALLS BREWERY
see also Peattie, Andrew
CJ 08.05.1847 p2c West Walls Brewery for sale; long established
CJ 26.02.1875 p5c West Walls Brewery bought by Christopher Ling
CP 10.12.1882 p1a Ad; for sale

WETLANDS
1610; so called on the Survey of the Soccage lands of Carlisle, [original in Howard of Naworth Archive, Durham Univerity, ref C49/1. See Northern History Vol XX, 1984]

WHAITE, T.G. Photographer; opened photographic studio at 43 Bank St in June 1887; 1895 studio taken over by Drinkwater Butt [CN 27.05.2005 p7]

WHALE Displayed in Carlisle in 1839
CN 20.08.1971 p14

WHARTON, J.J. Mary Street
Whitesmiths
CD 1880 Ad pxl
CD 1884-85 Ad p279

WHARTON, John Surgeon and bonesetter of Rickergate
CJ 15.04.1826 p1b Ad

WHARTON, Joseph
City Minutes 1925-6 p159 Licensed to operate bus service to Dalston

WHARTON, Stan Kingstown
Garage
CN 26.06.1981 p24 (illus) New garage

WHEATLEY, James A English Street
Jewellers
1861 Cumberland Directory Ad-first page of ads; late Thomas Wheatley C177
CD 1902-03 Ad pp79,81
CWAAS NS Vol 4 p360 J.A.Wheatley, died 28.04.1903, son of Thomas Wheatley
CD 1905-06 Ad p74
CD 1907-08 Ad p75
CD 1910-11 Ad p82

WHEATLEY, Thomas Castle St; 31 English Street
Jewellers
M442 pp3, 14, 49 Business card for Thomas Wheatley silver and goldsmith
1834 Pigot’s Directory Thomas Wheatley, 34 Castle Street, jewellers
CP 02.07.1842 p1a Old established house opposite the Bush

WHEATSHEAF Rickergate
1847 Diretory William Bell, victualler, 24 Rickergate
1891 census; Agnes Mitchinson, aged 49, innkeeper, born Castle Carrock
CP 15.07.1898 For sale; vendore Misses Matthews of Thackmire
CN 02.12.1911 Ad For sale
CN 03.02.1912 Ad; For sale
ENS 02.11.1916 Closed October 1916

WHINNEY HOUSE
1918 Electoral Register Hephzibah, James, William Herbert and Wiliam Campbell
23.10.1925 James Carruthers died here [MI 206/63]

WHINNEY HOUSE ROAD On electoral register from 1973

WHIP AND THONG MAKERS
1772; T.Pennant; a tour in Scotland and Voyage to the Hebrides ‘It is noted for a great manufacturer of whips, which employs numbers of children’
CN 07.05.1971 p16

WHITAKER and BLAIR LTD Denton Street
Radio and television engineers
CD 1961-62 Ad p37,303
CD 1961-62 Ad p294
CD 1966-68 Ad p30

WHITE, George Botchergate
Grocer
CD 1880 Ad pxxv

WHITE BROTHERS Lancaster Street, Waterloo Foundry
Ironfounders
CD 1952 Ad p323
Cumberland Directory 1954 Ad p252
CD 1955-56 Ad p255

WHITE COW Blackfriars Street; in local directories to 1834; same inn as White Ox

WHITE COW INN Corporation Rd Mary Kelly, beer house keeper, aged 66 born Ireland [1861 census]

WHITE COW, Cobden St Rachel Dawson, 57, innkeeper, born Dalston [1861 census]

WHITE ELEPHANT SHOP Lowther St; St Cuthbert’s Lane; London Road
CN 07.11.2003 p4 Cumbria Surplus to close Nov 29th; history

WHITE HART HOTEL English Street; demolished 1874
Carlisle an illustrated history p64 Engraving of the hotel
1829 Directory p164 Launcelot Brown
1841 census; Isabella Nicholson, innkeeper, aged 35
1851 Wards North of England Directory; ad
1851 census Innkeeper Isabella Nicholson, aged 49, born Kirklinton
1861 census Innkeeper Isabella Nicholson, 58, born Kirklinton
CP 30.04.1864 p1 Ad; To let Mrs Nicholson’s old established hotel; 20 bedrooms
CJ 01.09.1874 Demolition of the building makes great progress
CN 19.12.1969 p12 (illus) CN 19.03.1971 p14
CN 01.06.1956 p10 (illus) About 1850
CN 21.06.1991 p4 (illus) Pubs of yesteryear

WHITEHEADS Botchergate
Bicycles
CN 21.04.1989 p8

WHITE HORSE INN English Street/ White Horse Lane/ Blackfriars Street; in local directories to 1884
1861 census Hugh McGrath, innkeeper, aged 43, born Ireland; Blackfriars St
Feb. 1891 Rebuilding of White Horse [CWAAS OS Vol 12 p57]
ENS 02.11.1916 Closed October 1916

WHITEHOUSE PUB Formerly the Crescent- Warwick Road
CN 29.11.1996 p14 (illus) Dray horses reopen historic city pub
CN 24.09.1999 p1 New plan for nightclub
CN 12.08.2005 p6 Gay friendly pub hopes to reopen next month

‘WHITE LADY’ OF CARLISLE CASTLE
CN 19.08.1944 p5

WHITELEY, William English Street; opened 22.11.1963
Furniture store
CN 22.11.1963 Special supplement

WHITE LION English Street moving to Lowther Street in 1849 to make way for new bank; in local directories to 1873
CJ 03.08.1805 p1 For sale at house of T.Graves, sign of White Lion,
1841 census; White Lion Inn, Jane Reed, innkeper, aged 45
1847 Directory White Lion, 16 English St, Jane Reed
1858 Directory Mrs Jane Reed, White Lion, 35 Lowther Street
1873 directory 68 Lowther St Mrs Eleanor Hetherington

WHITE OX Blackfriars St; in local directories for 1837 to 1844; same inn as the White Cow

WHITE OX English Street; in local directories to 1837
CP 31.03.1821 p3d William Morley fined for allowing gambling

WHITE OX INN Blackwell; demolished April 1904
CN 22.08.1969 p12 (illus)
CN 14.02.1992 p4 (illus)

WHITE OX INN Parham Beck
CJ 30.04.1858 Ad; old established inn for sale

WHITE OX INN St Nicholas/ corner of Woodruffe Terrace; in local directories from 1880 to 1920
S.Davidson Carlisle Breweries and Public Houses 1894 - 1916 pp66-7
Mural done by Kate Norris to brighten up the corner,her mural recalling the history of the building which had long ceased to be a pub
CJ 16.02.1877 Sale of the White Ox
CP 02.03.1877 p4d Sale of White Ox
CP 05.10.1894 Licensed house for sale

WHITE STAR MOTORS LTD
City Minutes 1927-28 p628 Licensed to operate bus service to Raffles
City Minutes 1929 - 30 p 665 Licensed bus services to Raffles, Bowness

WHITE’S TYPING SERVICE Crescent
CD 1966-68 Ad p263

WHITE SWAN INN English Street; demolished in 1883
1829 Directory p164 William Henderson
1861 census James Taylor, aged 57, born Castle Sowerby
Carlisle a photographic recollection, J.Templeton; p49 1877 view;H.Simmons
CN 29.05.1959 p14 (illus) About 1877
CN 08.02.1991 p4 Pub that had city’s last mounting stone

WHITE WEY Cobden Street/ Newtown; in local directories from 1852 to 1858

WHITFIELD, J and SON Lorne Street
Chain, hame and caulker manufacturere
CD 1880 Ad pxxx

WHITFIELD AND HOWE Lorne Street
Clog makers, hand chain makers
D.Perriam Carlisle Remembered pp116-117
CN 25.01.1947 p5 CJ 28.05.1954 p1 (illus) CN 21.05.1971 p12

WHITLOW, William English Street
Hotelier
CD 1884-85 Ad p271

WHITRIDGE, I.F. 34 Scotch Street Whitridge succeeded Jefferson and Messrs Cowards succeeded Whitridge
Cirulating Library which is in directories from 1844; they issued catalogue in 1845 (M629)
CP 02.07.1842 p1b Taking over bookselling business of S.Jefferson, his cousin.
1851 Ward’s Northern Directory p18 of ads
1851 census Isaac F Whitridge, 33, employing 7 men, bookseller/printer, bn Carlisle

WIGTON ROAD
07.05.1875 Wigton Rd Railway bridge collapse causes accident [CN 27.03.2009 p32]
Carlisle in Camera 2 p26 View of Wigton Rd about 1910
City Minutes 1918-19 p157-8 Purchase of fields on north west side for housing
City Minutes 1924-25 pp113-115 Report on progress of Wigton Rd housing estate
City Minutes 1925-26 pp62-3,121,180-1, 323, 457, 541 Progress of estate
CN 18.04.1969 p15 Footbridge
Images of Carlisle Cumberland News p33 erection of footbridge over road in 1969
Images of Carlisle Cumberland News p60 Wigton Rd Railway bridge photo
CN 14.10.1994 p18 Down your way
CN 20.11.1998 p19 Aerial view
CN 14.07.2000 p2 Cycle and pedestrian crossing, Queensway; footbridge to go
CN 10.08.2001 p5 32 year old footbridge removed (10/11th Aug.) outside school

WILD BOAR Caldew Brow; in local directory for 1829

WILD, LOWTHIAN AND FERGUSON 33 Scotch Street
CP 18.08.1855 p1 Ad; employed a new cutter from London

WILD VELVET CLUB Atlas Works, Denton Holme
CN 25.07.2003 p3 Call for closure of sex club
CN 21.11.2003 p5 Club set to officially reopen

WILKIN’S COURT; Caldewgate On the census from 1841 and last noted on the electoral registers in 1952; a John Wilkin is noted a a wine and spirit merchant at the adjacent 32 John St in the 1847 Directory

WILKINSON, C. Scaleby Castle, a poem. Carlisle, printed by C.Wilkinson, west side of the Market Place, 1808 [J 156]

WILKINSON, Florence Dance and bellet teacher
Images of Carlisle Cumberland News p108 1972 photo of class

WILKINSON, J Photographer
Family portrait of circa 1900 bears the address 48 [may be 43] Bank Street

WILKINSON, Rev Thomas
Newcastle Courant 18.12.1830 Rev Wilkinson, Stanwix, receives young men to be educated in Greek and Latin

WILKINSON, Thomas 74 London Road
Images of Carlisle Cumberland News p37 Photo of butcher’s shop in 1920s

WILKINSON, W.R. Fisher Street
Plumber
CD 1952 Ad p356
CD 1955-56 Ad p277
CD 1961-62 Ad p49
CD 1966-68 Ad p293

WILKINSON, W.R. Fisher Street
Paint and wallpaper shop
CD 1966-68 Ad p289

WILKINSON’S Kingstown Road
Grocers
Cumberland Directory 1954 Ad p6

WILLIAM JAMES INN Willow Holme/ Bridge Street; in local directories from 1847 to 1910-11; also known as the ‘Billy James’; named after radical MP William James who was retuned for Carlisle in 1820
S.Davidson Carlisle Breweries and Public Houses 1896 - 1916, 2004 p 41
CJ 09.06.1896 Origin of the name
1901 census; John Harkness, publican, aged 40, born Scotland

WILLIAM RUFUS 10-16 Botchergate
CN 22.10.2004 p3 Pub to open on Sunday

WILLIAMS, John Paternoster Row
Horticultural engineers
Guide to Carlisle Ad C178
1882 Porters Directory Ad p96 E,G.Brash successor to John Williams

WILLIAMS AND AIREY
CN 01.02.2008 p20 Solicitors set up business in city

WILLIAMSON, Thomas Port Road Thomas Williamson, aged 50, tanner, died 15.10.1904 [MI 125/29]
Carlisle in Camera 2 p27 View of entrance to Williamson’s Tannery
1901 census; Thomas Williamson, home Inglewood, dalston Rd, 46, bn Harrington
CN 08.10.2004 p6 (illus) Occupied by Williamson from circa 1880 - 1930

WILLIS, A.L. New Market
Butcher and grocer
CD 1952 Ad p275

WILLOUGHBY, James Gas fitter, plumber, brazier
1858 Carlisle Directory Ad at back Late of Carlisle Gas Works, 41 Castle st

WILLOWHOLME So named Holweri in 1201; ‘Werri’s holme’; Werri is a continental personal name
CN 21.05.1976 p6 CN 11.06.1976 p6
ENS 15.11.1978 p3 (illus) Muddle go round for city motorists
Images of Carlisle Cumberland News p168 photo of 1982 flood
CN 17.06.1994 p10 Memories of magic lantern days in Willowholme Mission
CN 20.08.1999 p4 Sorry for Willowholme whiff
CN 17.09.1999 p11 £1.5m improvements
CN 30.06.2000 p9 Willow Holme Mill - Donalds

WILLOW HOLME
City Minutes 1933-34 p596 11,13, and 17 Compulsory purchase

WILLOWHOLME GARDENS On electoral register from 1936
CN 25.02.2005 p3 Residents claim they have been abandoned after floods
CN 10.03.2006 p1 Willow Holme Gardens to be demolished after flood
CN 01.09.2006 p3 Demolition begins on Willowholme Gardens

WILLOWHOLME INDUSTRIAL ESTATE Opened 1960
CN 27.08.1976 p4
CN 08.10.1971 p18 (illus) Feature
CN 11.10.1974 p40 City ignores threat of pollution
CN 22.11.1974 p1 Pollution could soar
CN 06.04.1990 p1 In pipeline; Willowholme Treatment Works
CN 20.10.2000 p6 Ex BT depot to be converted in luxury flats
CN 21.01.2005 p 12,13 Feature on estate devastated by flood
CN 09.09.2005 p15 Mixed reaction to Willowholme relocation talks

WILLOWHOLME MISSION Founded 1885

WILLOW PARK Banks Lane
CN 28.08.1987 p10 Ad feature

WILLSON, Walter
175 Years of Carlisle p41 photo of grocer’s shop in Botchergate

WILSON, Alixander Linen draper Bailey’s Northern Directory 1781

WILSON, Daniel Joiner, died 17.12.1823; Monumental Inscriptions St Cuthbert’s Yard

WILSON, George Fusehill St and Carlisle Market; Greystone Road; Browns Lane
Hosiers
CD 1931 Ad p302
CD 1934 Ad p56
CD 1937 Ad p48
CD 1940 Ad p56
CD 1952 Ad p286

WILSON, Hannah Butcher, aged 52, employing her 3 sons, home address 52 Lowther St, born Carlisle [1851 census]

WILSON, John Scotch Street
Watchmaker and jeweller
1861 Morris and Harrison directory ad p2; 15 Scotch Str
CD 1880 Ad pli new premises 43 Scotch Street

WILSON, Jonathan Ran a gentlemen’s school at Coledale Hall in the 1829 period; W.Farish Handloom Weaver p17; Parson and White p159

WILSON, Malcolm Saab dealer
CN 21.06.1991 p18

WILSON, Robert Browns Lane; Market, Fusehill Street
Hosier and draper
Cumberland Directory 1954 Ad p234
CD 1955-56 Ad p236

WILSON, S South Henry Street
Watchmaker and jeweller
CD 1961-62 Ad pp 99, 303
CD 1966-68 Ad p305

WILSON, W and Son English St
Tea and coffee dealers
Carlisle in Camera 1 p19 34 English St; photo of facade
Carlisle Diocesan Calendar 1901 Ad; Established 1836

WILSON, William Grocer, aged 36, employing 3 hands, home address Spencer St, born Carlisle [1851 census]; grocer and tea dealer, aged 46, employing 3 shopmen and 1 porter, born Great Orton, home address 10 Spencer st [1861 census]; Market Place then English Street when took his son into partnership
1891 census; William Wilson, aged 76, grocer and wine merchant, born Great Orton, home 19 Spencer St
CJ 29.05.1894 Obit of William Wilson, grocer, at Spencer St, aged 80
North Cumberland Reformer 02.06.1894 p2 His son inaugurated a new system of trading in the city... to the disleasure of other tradesmen

WILSON, William Baker, aged 41, employing 2 men, home address Scotch Street, born Scotland [1851 census]

WILSON, William West Walls [ where Marks and Spencer’s Food Hall is today, 2007]. Mr Wilson, Born Dalston 01.02.1857 and died 1933, had the largest shoeing and stabling premises in city and had the contract for the railway horses which he both shod and attended in a veterinary capacity. He was a familiar figure travelling around Carlisle in his gig drawn by Mountain Maid. Mr Wilson was always immaculate in his tailored suit, with always the same buttons. They were made of bone and in the shape of a horseshoe- all his suits had these buttons; he moved to English Damside in the final years of the business when, with the growth of moroting, he required smaller premises. His home was 37 Aglionby St
General smiths;
CD 1902-03 Ad p230
CD 1905-06 Ad p11
CD 1907-08 Ad p13
CD 1910-11 Ad p12
CD 1913-14 Ad p9
CD 1920 Ad p58
CD 1924 Ad p72
CD 1927 Ad p76
CD 1931 Ad p96
E.Nelson Around Carlisle p48 photo of staff and owner at West Walls

WILSON AND FAULDER Denton Street; Dalston Road; Beaumont St
Plumbers
CD 1924 Ad p104
CD 1927 Ad p114
CD 1931 Ad p244
CD 1934 Ad p312
CD 1937 Ad p146
CD 1940 Ad p92
CD 1952 Ad p356
CD 1955-56 Ad p276
CD 1961-62 Ad p44
CD 1966-68 Ad p30

WILSON BROTHERS Colliers Lane; English Damside
Electrical and mechanical engineers
CD 1931 Ad p221
CD 1934 Ad p64
CD 1937 Ad p56

WILSON’S SCHOOL West Walls
CP 16.12.1870 60 attending, John H.Wilson master

WILSON STREET
City Minutes 1900-01 p 246 Approval for 12 houses

WILTON, Alan
CN 25.05.1990 p8 Ad

WINDER, Miss 27 Portland Place
1882 Porters Directory Ad p148 Dress and mantle maker

WINDERMERE ROAD In voters list from 1936
ENS 16.06.1960 p9 (illus) Sheer neglect

WINDOWSEAL Finkle Street
CN 12.06.1987 p6 Ad feature
CN 04.03.1988 p7 Little hope of cash

WINDOW SHOP St Nicholas
CN 17.05.1996 p6 Ad

WINDOW WORLD Lancaster Street; Durranhill
CN 26.02.1987 p8 Ad feature
CN 06.03.1987 p23 Ad feature
CN 29.01.1993 p5 City firm bucks jobs trend
CN 14.01.1994 p8 Ad
CN 07.06.1996 Supplement
CN 01.04.2005 p14 part of World group (WG); moved Durranhill July 2004
CN 02.06.2006 p14 £1.5m contract; employs 45 people; also trades as Window World

WINE PRESS Cecil Street
CN 25.04.2003 p32 Set up in 1998 by Glenn Mitton

WINTER, H.E. Lonsdale Street
Auctioneers
CD 1893-94 Ad p152
CD 1902-03 Ad p1
CD 1905-06 Ad p3
CD 1934 Ad inside cover
CD 1937 Ad front page i
CD 1952 inside front cover i
CD 1966-68 Ad p253
CN 07.09.1973 p4 Winter’s sale room closing

WIRELESS
CN 29.10.1949 p5 Illustration of first installed in Carlisle

WISDOM RECIPE
CN 20.09.1947 p5

WISE, Mary
CJ 08.05.1847 p1b To commence business as dressmaker, 8 Lowther Street

WM PLANT Rosehill
CN 07.05.2004 p20 Ad feature; celebrating 30 years of business

WOMAN OF THE YEAR
CN 20.08.1993 p3 Seeking a special woman

WOMBWELL’S MENAGERIE
CN 05.07.1974 p6
CN 01.07.1960 p10 Visit in 1836
CN 27.04.2001 p6 Wombwell’s Mengerie April 1836 visit to city

WOMEN
See also; Sex Discrimination
D.Perriam Carlisle Remembered, p58 First woman driver in Carlisle E.Crowther
D,Perriam Carlisle Remembered, pp123-124 First woman magistrate
1860s Woman newspaper reporter; M.Smith Autobiography Vol 1 pp226-230
CJ 13.06.1882 p2f letter concerning the hours dressmakers have to work
1891 census; Georgina Moffat, dentist, home Lowther St, bn Scotland
CJ 24.03.1911 p6 Opposition to women’s suffrage; meeting in Carlisle
CJ 04.11.1911 p2 Two letters concerning Women’s suffrage
CN 14.06.1913 Letter concerning women’s pilgrimage to London
CJ 17.06.1913 p5 Letters concerning Suffragists Pilgrimage beginning in city
CJ 20.06.1913 p5 Non miltant pilgrimage; departure of Carlisle ladies
CN 21.06.1913 Northern detachment starts; 40-50 leave Carlisle Cross
Wigton Advertiser 21.06.1913 ‘Law abiding pilgrimage’ leaves city for Wigton
City Minutes 1916-17 pp82-84 Women patrols; policewomen sworn in
CJ 16.10.1917 p3 Carlisle Munitions Girls Football Club v Canadian Lumberjacks
CJ 19.04.1918 p5 Carlisle Munitions Girls Football Club v Blythe Spartans
CJ 16.06.1944 pp4-5 Policewomen for Carlisle
CJ 07.07.1944 p4 Policewomen not for Cumberland
CN 31.10.1953 p8 First woman to stand in municipal elections 1911
CN 20.03.1987 p13 Ordination of women deacons
CN 03.07.1987 p3 First woman bank manager in Cumbria
CN 10.07.1987 p6 Letter concerning first woman bank manager
ENS 24.03.1988 p12 Carlisle Labour Club to vote on allowing women members
CN 15.04.1988 p10 Fair play plea- editorial
CN 13.05.1988 p4 When women entered the election fray
CN 23.09.1988 p3 First women’s Officer in Carlisle Boy’s brigade
CN 12.05.2000 p1 Rotary admits women for first time
CN 12.10.2001 p25 Football coaching for girls aged 12 - 16
CN 13.09.2002 p1 City’s first female resident circuit judge; opinion p 12
CN 26.09.2003 p3 Obstetrician Josephine Williamson dies; First in city in 1947?
CN 14.05.2004 p1 Row continues over women priests
CN 21.05.2004 p 13 Letters concerning women priests; for and against
CN 29.04.2005 p27 First woman plays for Carlisle Cricket Club; third team
CN 10.02.2006 p9 Girls allowed in Cathedral choir for the first time in 900 years
CN 26.01.2007 p1 First female head chorister

WOMEN’S GUILD
CN 10.11.1989 p31 Celebrating 40 years of city guild

WOMEN’S LAND ARMY
CN 13.04.1946 p6 Pageant

WOMEN’S LEAGUE OF HEALTH AND BEAUTY Carlisle branch founded 1938
CN 13.05.1988 p9 Fitness fans jubile year

WOMEN’S ROYAL VOLUNTARY SERVICE Founded 1938; became WRVS July 1966
See Memories of Carlisle; chapter on Home Front; several photos 2BC 9
CJ 07.01.1966 p14 CN 04.09.1970 p7 (illus)
CN 31.08.1962 p7 History in Carlisle
CN 01.04.1988 p12 The few who help so many
CN 10.06.1988 p13 Fifty years fo service
CN 01.12.1989 p7 WRVS call goes out for strong men
CN 09.05.1997 p3 WRVS ladies to rescue in midnight fell drama
CN 23.07.1999 p16 Help wanted, size and age no object; Meals on Wheels

WOMEN’S VOLUNTARY SERVICE see WOMEN’S ROYAL VOLUNTARY SERVICE

WONDER MILK BAR Devonshire Street
M.Dickens Those Were the Days p77
CD 1955-56 Ad p280
CD 1961-62 Ad p38

WOOD, Tom Graham
City Minutes 1923-4 p588 Licensed to operate bus service Carlisle - Cumwhinton

WOOD, Walter and Co Lowther Street
Builder and coal contractor
CN 17.09.1938 p18 Ad
CD 1952 Ad p252
Cumberland Directory 1954 Ad p218
CD 1955-56 Ad p218

WOOD, William Willow Holme
Woollen manufacturer
CJ 07.03.1818 p3c Fire

WOOD, William Cottom spinner
CJ 13.08.1817p1 To be sold cotton mill on English Damside lately occupied in succession by Mr Wood and Mr Henry Cliffe
CN 14.04.2006 p11 D.Perriam; Hutchinson mentions in 1794; Henry Cliffe, his son in law, took over the works on English Damside, about 1807

WOODBANK IRONWORKS
See H.D.Bowtell Over Shap to Carlisle, 1983 p43
CJ 06.09.1949 pp2,3 (illus)
CJ 29.08.1846 Woodbank printfield taken by Mr Bouch for the making engines
CJ 29.01.1858 Cowans Sheldon purhased premises in addition Woodbank Works

WOODBANK PRINTING WORKS
M442 p13 Business receipt for Harrington, Wilde and Co, calico printer, Woodbank
Cumberland Pacquet 22.08.1797 To be sold; calico printing concern
Cumberland Pacquet 31.10.1797 Printfield at Woodbank
Cumberland Pacquet 16.01.1798 Still to be sold
CJ 02.10.1802 Six new printing presses
CJ 26.11.1803 Works, waterfalls, buildings and cottages situated at Woodbank
CJ 27.03.1813 For sale; now occupied by Messrs Mounsey
CJ 16.10.1813 Printfield for sale
CP 01.03.1817 p2a Printfields [calicoes and cottons] for sale or to let
CJ 27.11.1824 p3 Suspended for several years; now in active operation
CJ 29.08.1846 Woodbank printfield taken by Mr Bouch for the making engines
CJ 23.02.1877 p1 Sale of Robert Jackson and Son artificial manure manufacturers

WOODLAND HOTEL London Road
CN 03.02.1995 p4 Hotel plan to expand

WOODROUFFE TERRACE Built 1850s; Asquith’s map of 1853 shows half terrace built
CP 03.06.1854 p1 Ad House to be sold
CJ 11.12.1863 p6

WOODROW’S FAMILY HOTEL 38 English St ,opposite gaol,
1851 Ward’s North of England Directory; ad p12
1861 census William Woodrow, aged 65, born Scotland; Temperance Hotel

WOODROW WILSON PUBLIC HOUSE Botchergate
ENS 11.06.1997 p7 Botchergate to get new pub
ENS 04.03.1998 p11 (illus) Chain promises to go ahead; builders begin work
CN 15.05.1998 pp4,10 Opening
Images of Carlisle Cumberland News p187 photo of interior of pub
CN 29.05.1998 p10 Boozergate
CN 19.06.1998 p3 (illus) New pub success

WOODS BOOKSELLERS Saint Cuthbert’s Lane
CN 29.08.1997 p4 (illus) City bookshop reaches its final chapter

WOODSGHYLL DRIVE, Harraby First appears on electoral register for 1947-48

WOOD’S MAP OF CARLISLE see MAPS

WOOD STREET, Botcherby No 7, Holme Farmhouse, north side, early 18th century with later additions; no 9 Botcherby House, north side, early 18th century; no 10, Mayfield, south side, early or mid 19th century; Number 11/13 dated with raised bricks 1700 [ photo Carlisle an illustrated history p88]; Nos 12 - 14, south side, The Grange, early 19th century, 1918 Electoral Register Thomas Henry Little; No 15 ,The Cottage, north side, probable 18th century with extensive 20th century alterations; No 16 Stable Croft, south side, early 19th century; No.18, south side, early 18th century with later alterations; no 19, the Beeches, north side, dated over entrance 1767; no 20, south side, mid 17th century; no 22, south side, mid or late 18th century; no 26, Ashleigh House, south side, early 19th century; no 28, Bramerton, south side, probably late 18th century with later additions; no 29, Church Farmhouse, north side, mid 18th century, adjacent barn probably late 18th century;no 30 Bramerton Lodge, south side, early 19th century; no 31, Orchard House, north side, mid or late 18th century; nos 32 and 34, south side, early 19th century
CJ 28.08.891 p1 For sale Bramerton Lodge; reconstructed by Mr Cory
City Minutes 1915-16 p97 Nos 1 and 2 unfit for human habitation; Ashlea; p224
CN 26.03.1971 p15 (illus)
CN 23.12.1994 p23 Down your way
CN 09.01.2004 p53 The Beeches for sale - photos £230,000
CN 14.04.2006 p11 Takes its name from Wiliam Wood, manufacturer, who lived here?
CN 31.10.2008 p62 The Beeches for sale at 350,000 pounds

WOODSTYLE JOINERY Brisco
CN 04.07.1997 p20 Master craftsmen who offer you furniture of distinction

WOOL FAIRS AND WOOLEN MANUFACTURE
Council Minutes 16.06.1862
CJ 19.06.1863 p5 Unsuccessful
CN 22.03.1924 p9 18th century Carlisle

WOOLPACK English Street; in local directories to 1870; Francis Harrison late of the Woolpack Inn of this city died 03.10.1834; Monumental Inscription St Cuthbert’s Yard; Joseph Thompson, innkeeper, aged 61, born Carlisle [1861 census]

WOOLPACK INN Milbourne St; in local directories from 1876; first state pub to become private; renamed Biddy Mulligan’s; renamed Knight Inn
CN 13.10.1972 p11 CN 18.02.1977 p9
Carlisle from the Kendall Collection; p97 photo ofWoolpack
S.Davidson Carlisle Breweries and Public Houses, 2004, p49
1901 census; Mary Lawrence, victualler, aged 62, born Carlisle
ENS 11.10.1972 p11 First city state pub goes private
ENS 24.08.1977 p8 (illus) Pubs past lives on in face lift
ENS 24.08.1977 p11 (illus) ‘Cheers’ as Bobby kicks off at the Woolpack
ENS 08.01.1986 Go ahead for extension to Woolpack
CN 01.04.1988 New look for an old pub
CN 26.04.1996 p5 Swinging tune at the Woolpack
ENS 04.03.1997 Third landlord in a year at Woolpack
ENS 28.07.1997 p11 Woolpack does Irish
ENS 18.09.1997 p11 New identity for Woolpack; renamed ‘Biddy Mulligan’
ENS 20.04.1998 Irish theme pub bans Irish music which drove customers away
CN 28.03.2003 pp1,3 New management and new style
CN 09.07.2004 p5 Knight Inn closes follwing illness to tenants, Mrs Thompson

WOOLWORTH BUILDING English Street; building completed January 1933
CWAAS Vol 78, 1978 p136
CN 18.10.1991 p48 City lease costs £1m
CN 19.12.2008 p1 Staff to lose jobs as Woolies closes

WORKERS EDUCATIONAL ASSOCIATION
CN 31.01.1942 p2 Cooperates with Literary Society

WORKHOUSE
CAIH p44 The Workhouse
See CALDEWGATE WORKHOUSE; FUSEHILL STREET WORKHOUSE; HARRABY HILL WORKHOUSE; POOR LAW; SAINT MARY’S WORKHOUSE

WORKING CLASS
Carlisle Examiner 19.11.1859 p2e Letter concerning social conditions - drink...
Carlisle Examiner 22.11.1859 p2e,f Letter concerning social conditions
Carlisle Examiner 26.11.1859 p2,e,f, Social conditions of the working class
Carlisle Examiner 29.11.1859 p2,e,f Letter concerning social conditions
Carlisle Examiner 06.12.1859 p2f Social conditions of the working class
Carlisle Examiner 20.12.1859 p3a Letter concerning social conditions

WORKING MEN’S CLUB Opened in Fisher Street 26.01.1928; previously in West Walls then Paradise Court;
See also Fisher Street; number 11
CP 05.03.1875
CJ 06.11.1874 Proposed Working Men’s Club in Carlisle
CJ 13.11.1874 Formation of a Working Men’s Club in Carlisle
CP 05.03.1875 First annual meeting of Carlisle Working Men’s Club
CP 01.03.1895 Twentieth annual report
CP 08.03.1907 Annual meeting in club premises, Castle street
ENS 04.08.1971 Supplement pp1-4 Interior alterations
ENS 04.11.1974 pp 5-7 Working Men’s Club is 100 years old today

WORKING MEN’S EDUCATION AL HALL
CJ 07.01.1953 p4 Irish Damside School - proposal
CJ 21.01.1853 p2 Letter
CJ 28.01.1853 p2 Letter

WORKING MEN’S READING ROOMS see READING ROOMS

WORKSHOPS
City Council Minutes 1896/97 p 165 List of the domestic workshops in city

WORKSHOPS FOR THE BLIND Started in West Tower Street in 1872; moved to Lonsdale Street 1878/9; moved to Petteril Bank some time after 1955-56
SEE ALSO CUMBRIA INDUSTRIES FOR THE DISABLED
CD 1880 Ad pv
CD 1884-85 Ad p260
Carlisle Diocesan Calendar 1902 Ad; Workshops established in 1872
CD 1905-06 Ad p6
CD 1907-08 Ad p9
CD 1910-11 Ad p11
CD 1913-14 Ad p11
CD 1920 Ad p11
CD 1924 Ad p128
CD 1927 Ad p148
CD 1931 Ad p288
CD 1934 Ad p183
CD 1937 Ad p190
CD 1940 Ad p36
CD 1952 Ad p331
Cumberland Directory 1954 Ad p1
CD 1955-56 Ad pxxvii
CD 1961-62 Ad p85
E.Nelson Around Carlisle p57 Photo of workers at Lonsdale St
CJ 04.12.1964 p8 (illus)
CN 15.03.1968 p12 History

WORKWARE Botchergate
CN 25.11.1994 p8 Ad

WORLD GROUP Lancaster St then moved 2004 to Durranhill see WINDOW WORLD

WORLD WAR ONE
See also Armistice Day; Botcherby War Memorial; East Cumberland Shell Factory; Military Hospitals; Peace Celebrations; Peace Medals, Rickerby Park, Tank
CAIH p84 World War 1
City Minutes 1914-15 p226 Belgian refugees at 11 Chatsworth Square
CN 14.02.2003 p8 Belgian refugees arrived in city in 1914; 44 on 26.11.1914
CN 13.10.2006 p9 Currock WW1 War Memorial found in Howie Boyd Hall
CN 10.11.2006 p13 Letter; in 1965 sold to Church of God; photo of WWI plaque
CN 18.07.2008 p7 WWI memorial finds new home in Bishop Harvey Goodwin School grounds

WORLD WAR TWO
See also AIR RAIDS; ARMISTICE; BATTLE OF BRITAIN WEEK; BORDER-HMS;CARLISLE-HMS; CONSCIENTIOUS OBJECTORS; EMERGENCY WATER SUPPLY; EVACUEES; HOME GUARD; MOBILE ‘X’RAY UNIT FOR RUSSIA; PILL BOXES; REFUGEES; RUSSIAN ARMY; STAY AT HOME HOLIDAY WEEK; VE DAY; VICTORY PAGEANT; VICTORY; ; WOMEN’S LAND ARMY; THANKSGIVING; VJ DAY; WAR CRIMINALS
CAIH p92 World War 2
See David Hay Carlisle at War 1939-45
Over the Garden Wall; life of Donald Scott p9-12 life for a child during the war
M.Constantine Carlisle a history and celebration p86 photo of bomber landing at Kingstown and Rom St gas holder in camouflage colours
CN 17.08.1990 p11 Helping hand for vets
CN 26.07.1991 p7 Veterans fly flag
CN 01.11.1996 p3 (illus) Over 2,000 name roll of honour to be presented
CN 08.11.1996 p1 Cathedral to receive World War Two honour roll
CN 27.06.1997 p3 (illus) Cumbria’s farewell to Hong Kong
CN 04.06.2004 p1 Cumbria veterans return to Normandy; p12 My D-Day

WORTHINGTON PLACE, Parkland Village So named in honour of the original architect of the Garlands Hospital [CN 29.04.2005 Story Homes Supp. p5]

WOTHERSPOON, A.W. Bank Street
Bakers
Guide to Carlisle Ad C178
1882 Porters Directory Ad p90 ‘Notes house for Swiss Buns’

WRESTLERS ARMS INN Annetwell Street; in local directories from 1880 to 1907-08
CJ 26.04.1895 Ad; old established inn for sale
CN 10.02.1912 Beerhouse closed

WRESTLING; CUMBERLAND AND WESTMORLAND STYLE
See also Carlisle Wrestling Association
CP 15.09.1821 p1a Ad for wrestling at Carlisle races on 27th September
CJ 16.09.1826 p2e Wrestling at Carlisle Races; encouragement of old sports
CP 29.09.1827 p3 Report on Carlisle Wrestling and Races
CP 27.09.1828 p3 Report on Carlisle Wrestling and Races
CP 26.09.1829 p3 Report on Carlisle Wrestling and Races
CP 22.04.1854 p8 a-c Easter wrestling at the Crown, Botchergate
Carlisle the Archive Photographs p76 1899 Easter Sports; wrestling photo
Cumbria Life October 1999 no 66 pp 124-125 2A 9
CN 24.06.1950 p4 CN 28.03.1958 p10 illustration of belt
CN 05.10.2001 p25 Carlisle Wrestling Club still going strong
CN 12.10.2001 p24 Photos of Carlisle Academy in 1908 and 1949

WRIGHT, G Norfolk Street, the Market
Bakers
CD 1966-68 Ad p253
CN 11.05.2007 p4 Obit of George Wright

WRIGHT, Ian
City Minutes 1926-7 p633 Licensed to operate bus service to Armathwaite

WRIGHT, John Warwick Road
Car dealers
1954 Cumberland Directory Ad pxi

WRIGHT, Nicholas
City Minutes 1925-6 p44 Licensed to operate bus to Hesket and Aikat Gate

WRIGHT, Richard Builder; Richard Wright died 24.11.1874 aged 43 [Monumental Inscription 103/38]; built Dixon’s Chimney
1851 census 22 Abbey St, builder, aged 60, born Haselmere, Surrey
CP 19.09.1857 Carlisle Dispensary foundation stone; R. Wright and Sons builder

WRIGHT, William Manufacturer and draper, aged 65, employing 10 men, born Yorkshire, home address New Banks Lane [1851 census]; linen draper employing 4 men and 4 boys, aged 75, born Leeds, home address 10 Cavendish Place [1861 census]

WRIGHT, William English Street
Linen merchant; carpet warehouseman
Carlisle Diocesan Directory 1872; ad established 1838
Carlisle in Camera 1 p18 photo of shop at 36 English St, 1870s
Guide to Carlisle Ad C178
CD 1893-94 Ad p70

WRIGHT, W and Son Highmore House English Street
Linen goods; carpets furnishings
11.10.1895 4d Ad. move from 36 to 42 English St [Highmore Hse]; opening
Yesterdays Shopping in Carlisle p13 Interior engraving of new shop
Carlisle Diocesan Calendar 1901 Ad; Established 1842
CJ 31.07.1917 p3 Obit of William Wright; business started by his father W.Wright
Carlisle from the Kendall Collection; p41 1917 photo of exterior
E.Nelson Around Carlisle p45 Bill head illustrated, 1915
CD 1920 Ad p156
CD 1924 Ad p176
CD 1927 Ad p198
CD 1931 Ad p84
CD 1934 Ad p72 Established 1838
CJ 04.12.1934 Close down early in new year; history of fim started in 1838
CJ 25.01.1935 p3 Ad Everything half price; last two days
CN 18.11.1988 p4 A site with history

WRIGHT, BROWN AND STRONG Solicitors
CP 12.08.1898 Obit of J.H.Brown; 1875 entered in to partnership with Mr T.Wright
CN 19.02.1993 p15 Marking a link of 150 years

WRIGHT EXHIBITION DRY CLEANERS West Walls
CD 1952 Ad p289
CD 1955-56 Ad p238

WRIGHTSON, E AND SON New Market, London Road
Butchers
CD 1955-56 Ad p232
CD 1961-62 Ad p262

WYKEHAM HOUSE SCHOOL FOR GIRLS Warwick Road; closed 02.09.1974
1928 Pageant Souvenir ; ad Day and boarding school for girls, Lonsdale St
1934 Directory 127 Waarwick Rd
CD 1952 Ad p368
CD 1955-56 Ad p281
CD 1966-68 Ad p296
CJ 18.03.1960 p5 CN 30.08.1974 p11
CN 29.01.1944 p5 Death of founder
CN 12.02.1960 p10 Changes hand
ENS 14.03.1960 p7 School to change hands
CJ 07.04.1967 p9 Expansion
CN 12.02.1993 p9 Bid to recall old days
CN 26.03.1993 p12 Happiest days of their lives
CN 26.03.1993 p11 Ex pupils flock in
CN 21.05.1993 p15 Schooldays are recalled

WYLIE’S FLAX MILL Long Island
CJ 31.08.1839 p2e Inquest into death at mill

WYLLOWES
1610; so called on the Survey of the Soccage lands of Carlisle, [original in Howard of Naworth Archive, Durham Univerity, ref C49/1. See Northern History Vol XX, 1984]

WYVERNS RESTAURANT Lowther Street
CN 02.04.1993 p10 Ad

XS NIGHTCLUB - formerley Legends
CN 18.10.2002 p6 Gay night scrapped

YARKER, T.G.
CN 21.08.1963 Supplement Ad and history

YATES, Heidi Lowther Street
Beauty therapy
CN 30.06.2000 p8 Ad

YATES STREET
CJ 21.11.1879 p5 Yates Street laid out in 1877

YATES’S WINE LODGE English Street
CN 24.09.1993 p21 Ad
CN 23.08.1996 p3 (illus) Mayor criticises city pub...
CN 30.05.1997 pp1,10 Nightspots win back licenses
CN 22.02.2008 p1 Yates’ closes down

YEAST HALL or NEW HOUSES between Suttle House and Keld House on the 1861 census; James Millar 56, Cordwainer, born Cummersdale

YELLOW HOUSE see THE BUSH HOTEL

YEWDALE COMMUNITY CENTRE
CN 21.06.1991 p19 Work starts on centre
CN 07.02.1992 p1 Centre opens today

YEWDALE SCHOOL School opened1972

YMCA see YOUNG MENS CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION

YORK PLACE; Upperby Rd; so named on 1901 census

YORK SCHOOL Upperby; opened 04.04.1960; school closed 31.09.1997
CN 01.04.1960 p13 New school
ENS 05.04.1960 p5 School opens
CN 08.04.1960 p9 New school
CN 12.04.1991 p3 Schools teaching praised
CN 20.09.1991 p17 College bid for school
CN 20.09.1991 p13 School new look for a new term
CN 31.01.1992 p11 Challenge from special school
CN 26.06.1992 p18 Save our school battle
CN 03.07.1992 p7 Special schools fight to survive
CN 04.12.1992 p20 Protest call
CN 07.01.1994 p1 Anger as bell tolls for York School
CN 07.01.1994 p1 Mum heads fight to save her son’s special school
CN 14.01.1994 p16 Comment on closure
CN 21.01.1994 p3 Teacher’s back special school
CN 11.02.1994 p3 Head’s pupil intergration warning
CN 11.02.1994 p10 Comment
CN 04.03.1994 p8 Save our school
CN 18.04.1994 p1 Don’t sweep our kids under the carpet
CN 18.04.1994 p11 Profile of headmaster
CN 27.05.1994 p14 York School go ahead
CN 22.07.1994 p4 Doomed special school receives prestigious awards
CN 14.04.1995 p3 School move
CN 19.05.1995 p5 Best of 3,000
CN 12.03.1999 p12 Centre wins praise for pupils behaviour
CN 08.09.2006 p12 Gillford Centre Pupil Referral Unit - 70 pupils

YORKSHIRE HEATING SUPPLIES Durranhill
CN 16.01.1970 p16 (illus) CN 09.10.1970 pp12-13 (illus)

YOUNG, Charles Henry
City Minutes 1923-4 p588 Licensed to operate bus service Carlisle-Botcherby

YOUNG, John Cecil Street
Veterinary surgeon
CD 1893-94 Ad p12

YOUNG, Michael Currock House
Horse breeder
1901 census Currock House, aged 46, bn Cockermouth
Carlisle The Archive Photos p101 Photo of Michael Young on horse, about 1910
Whitehaven News Annual; ad p358 late of Cockermouth

YOUNG, O. and M. Scotland Road
Newagents
CD 1952 Ad p377
1954 Cumberland Directory Ad p277

YOUNG, Walter Lowther Street
Tailor
CD 1905-06 Ad p102
CD 1907-08 Ad p86
CD 1910-11 Ad p72
CD 1913-14 Ad p66

YOUNG, William Durham House, St Aidans Road
Horse dealer
CD 1902-03 Ad p247
CD 1905-06 Ad page yellow 67
CD 1907-08 Ad p189
CD 1910-11 Ad p193
CD 1913-14 Ad page pink 153

YOUNG FARMERS CLUB
CN 21.02.1948 p3 Farm forum

YOUNG MENS CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION Established 1855; Burton Buildings; Fisher Street premises opened 20.01.1968
CN 17.04.1970 p1 CN 29.05.1970 p1
Carlisle Examiner 29.07.1858 p3d YMCA annual meeting
Carlisle Examiner 14.05.1859 p2c Carlisle YMCA - 3rd Annual General Meeting
CJ 15.02.1938 p5 YMCA convention at Carlisle
CN 04.05.1940 p3 New hut
CN 07.11.1942 p3 Gift plaque unveiled by Mayor
CJ 29.02.1944 p1 New hostel opened
Images of Carlisle Cumberland News p22 Photo in 1952
CN 16.07.1965 p1 Development
CN 29.10.1965 p1 New premises
CN 19.11.1965 p1 Development
CN 17.12.1965 p1 In Brook Street School
ENS 23.04.1966 p3 £22,000 spent
CN 19.01.1968 p25 (illus) New premises
CN 26.01.1968 p5 Opening of new premises
CN 29.11.1968 p5 New hall
CN 07.03.1969 p5 Sports centre appeal
CN 08.04.1969 p12 Fund organiser
CN 02.11.1990 p4 When the YMCA were cup champions

YOUNG’S LANE English Street; so named in the 1829 directory. The lane is so named on Askews 1853 large scale map of the city, being immediately south of Highland Laddie Lane, linking Blackfriars Lane and English Street

YOUNG’S LANE Rickergate; in the 1834 directory; on the voters list to 1939

YOUNG WOMENS CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION
CN 13.01.1940 p3 CJ 26.04.1940 p1 CN 27.04.1940 p4
CJ 25.10.1940 p1 (illus) CJ 01.11.1940 p1 (illus) CN 02.11.1940 p5
CJ 09.01.1940 p2 War need
CN 15.11.1941 p6 Anniversary

YOUTH CAMP
CN 23.07.1993 p19 Three way youth camp for city

YOUTH CENTRE
CJ 09.04.1948 p2 Prospects
CJ 16.09.1948 p4

YOUTH CLUBS
CN 30.04.1993 p1 Keep kids off streets
CN 14.05.1993 p1 Brick brings vicar onto youth centre
CN 14.05.1993 p13 Youth clubs debt process
CN 27.12.2002 p2 Petteril Bank Youth Club temporarily shut

YOUTH ENQUIRY SERVICE
CN 18.10.1996 p5 Drop out fears for youth help centre
CN 07.08.1998 p9 Race to save cash starved YES centre

YOUTH HOSTEL Etterby House
CJ 12.04.1968 p11 (illus)
Cumbria June 1963 p102
CN 16.08.1991 p7 Hostel for sale

ZATOPEC Restaurant
See also Taylors Modern Restaurant
CN 20.09.1991 p14 Ad
CN 23.10.1992 p9 Youngsters enjoy taste of Mexico
CN 28.07.1995 p6 Ad
CN 17.01.1997 p17 Restaurant boss turns to a whole new world of food

ZELLER, Henry Rickergate
Butcher
CD 1893-94 Ad p156

ZEPPELIN see HINDENBERG; GRAF ZEPPELIN

ZERO PATH
CJ 05.01.1900 p6a Carlisle Race Stand Co; form Zero path

ZETA COURT William Street; name for a Greek letter odf the alphabet; there was also Alpa Court here; first mentioned on the 1861 census; on the voters’ list to 1963

ZIONISTS
CN 02.06.1967 p12

ZOOLOGICAL MUSEUM INN Finkle Street; in local directory for 1858

ZORBAS TAVERNA Warwick Road
CN 23.08.1996 p16 Ad
CN 16.08.1996 p17 If it’s not all greek