Sacred Heart - Simpson, Henry C

SACRED HEART; CONVENT The nuns built what was to become Austin Friars School; foundation stone of convent school laid 16.04.1891; Nuns left for Newcastle in 1903 and convent school closed
1891 census; 12-13 Chatsworth Square Sacred Heart, Alice Vinall, head, along with 6 sisters; 8 female borders listed, none from Cumberland,
1901 census; Bridget Haydon, superior, 33 boarding pupils, all girls aged 8 -19; girls from all of Britain and Ireland
CN 22.08.2003 p8 Denis Perriam history of building

SACRED HEART OF JESUS; CONVENT
Day school
CD 1893-94 p14

SACRED HEART OF JESUS AND MARY
See also Durranhill Convent
CN 13.09.2002 p1 Sisters buy house in Lowry Hill for elderly

SACRED HEART OF MARY; CONVENT OF THE Northumberland Road
CD 1952 Ad 369

SADDLE INN Botchergate; in local directories from 1834 to 1837

SADDLE INN Fisher Street; in local directories to 1837

SADDLE INN Willow Holme; in local directories from 1844 to 1848

SADDLE LANE, Botchergate Named in 1837 directory and last noted on the 1913 electoral register

SADDLES
CN 23.12.1998 p7 Saddle find excites museum

SAGAR, John Ironfounder of Botchergate
CP 19.01.1856 Sale of premises and foundry

SAINSBURY’S
CN 17.11.2006 p1 Proposed Sainsbury’s on Currock Rd
CN 08.02.2008 p9 Sainsbury’s set for Gates tyre store site on Scotland Rd?

SAINT AIDAN’S CHURCH Warwick Road. Designed by C.J.Ferguson; foundation stone 08.09.1899; parish hall foundation stone laid 11.06.1901; large bell outside church hung in 1902 (it was cast for Highmoor House, Wigton, in 1884); brass latern 1903; parsonage built 1904; repair of roof of South aisle 1909; vicarage heated throughout with hot air 1911; articles from Christ Church brought here in 1938
See P.Connon Shadow of an Eagle’s Wings p14 concerning St Aidan’s bell
CN 19.06.1920 p10 War memorial window for St Aidans; description
City Minutes 1920-21 p370 Corporation resume maintenance of gardens
CN 23.12.1950 p4 CN 20.11.1970 p10 (illus)
CN 22.09.1957 p4 Bell
CN 29.05.1957 p4 Bell
CN 30.10.1957 p6 Bell
ENS 19.08.1970 Supp. p6 Set on an island of green lawns
CN 12.10.1973 p6 Bell
CN 10.06.1988 p1 Vicar faces parish protest
CN 08.07.1988 p3 Clear out lurid items vicar told
CN 07.05.1999 p11How the bell tolled for church

SAINT AIDAN’S ROAD
City Minutes 1901-1902 p249 Avondale Tce renamed St Aidans Road
City Minutes 1922-23 p 393 Approval for 4 houses
City Minutes 1927-28 p 47 Approval for 2 houses
1928 Pageant Souvenir p6 of unnumbered ads; photo of houses built by E.J.Hill
City Minutes 1931-32 p222 Approval for 4 houses; owner G.Hill
CJ 11.11.1949 p1 Residents granted permission to plant cherry trees
CN 11.02.1972 p12 (illus) Waterworks at end of
CN 10.11.2000 p13 Letter concerning the felling of cherry trees
CN 28.05.2004 p3 91 year old has had allotment at St Aidans since 1947
CN 08.02.2008 p64 House for sale; built 1935

SAINT AIDAN’S SCHOOL Previously called HIGH SCHOOL FOR GIRLS
see also AIDANVISION
Civic Affairs October 1970 p1New mixed school; opened 26th August
CN 11.12.1987 pp1,3 Closure threat
CN 05.10.1990 p44 School merger move
CN 15.02.1991 p23 Resignations over school opting out
CN 17.05.1991 p6 Awards for two schools
CN 03.04.1992 p18 Top marks...
CN 10.05.1996 p3 St Aidans future guaranteed
CN 16.05.1997 p5 (illus) Sporting dream comes true with £500,000 grant
CN 03.07.1998 p15 Sporting dream
CN 01.12.2000 p1 (illus) Becomes a regional centre for sporting excellence
CN 12.01.2001 p19 (illus) Advertising feature for school
CN 21.09.2001 p5 First specialist sports college in county opens at St Aidans
15.07.2008 School closed transferring to Harraby at the new Richard Rose Academy which opens in September

SAINT ALBAN’S CHAPEL Near St Alban’s Row; earliest reference to it in the Pipe Roll for 1201 [CWAAS ns vol 76 p95]; chapel demolioshed in 1549
Slee, M Older Carlisle p15
CN 08.02.1936 p11
CN 25.11.1988 p4 A medieval chapel caused controversy

SAINT ALBANS ROW So named in 1660; numbers 4-16 4 houses in a terrace now shops, early to mid 18th century with later alterations; the front of number 4 is hidden by the 1717 extension to the Old Town Hall, but the ground floor shop window is visible through the archway under the extension
Slee, M Older Carlisle p15 (illus)
Carlisle in Camera 2 p18 Photo about 1900
City Minutes 1922-23 p 671 Wooden paving blocks removed
City Minutes 1929-30 p143 Consider stopping through traffic
CN 28.11.1958 p10 (illustration of circa 1900) CN 02.02.1962 p10 (illus)
ENS 14.01.1964 p1

SAINT ALBAN’S WALK
CN 25.05.1990 p5 Shopping mall to open soon
CN 13.05.1994 p4 Centre evicts traders
CN 05.08.1994 p5 Book store targets city centre
CN 05.08.1994 p3 New shop in store
CN 12.08.1994 p5 Tenants soon
CN 03.03.1995 p5 Toy store to take over

SAINT AND CO
CN 14.11.2008 p20 Saint and Co will take over AJS Accountants

SAINT ANDREWS CHURCH
CN 14.11.1975 p9 Merger with Church of Scotland and United Reformed Church

SAINT ANDREWS CHURCH; Wood Street, Botcherby; opened 25.07.1890; red brick to designs of Henry Higginson
CJ 06.08.1940 p3 Golden jubilee
CN 20.07.1990 p5 Celebrating city church centenary
CN 17.08.2007 p7 Money pores in for church roof appeal
CN 02.11.2007 p7 St Andrews Church reaches appeal total of 7,000 pounds for repairs

SAINT ANDREWS PARISH HALL
CJ 13.12.1949 p2 Dedicated

ST ANN’S COURT, Stanwix
CN 18.08.2006 p72 Magnus Homes in final stage of conversion of listed building

SAINT ANN’S HILL HOUSE House perhaps named after Ann, wife of Mr Graham whom he married in 1806;Judges Lodgings in 1951
Cumberland Pacquet 26.04.1796 ‘House in Etterby St on the banks of the Eden’ ?
CJ 26.09.1801p1b Charles Graham of Ann’s Hill
CJ 15.07.1809 Mr Graham of Ann’s Hill
1834 Pigots Directory Charles Graham, Anns Hill
CJ 15.07.1853 p1f sale of furniture on behalf of J.Kirklinton Saul
1858 Directory referred to as St Anns House
1861 census William Wordsworth, aged 50,
CP 22.04.1870 Sale of house with W.Wordsworth [Poet’s son] in occupation
CJ 24.03.1893 Bought by Mr Drinkall; residence of late Mr Page
CN 10.07.1948 p3 Bought by Carlisle Corporation for old peoples home
CN 10.04.1970 p14 Poet’s local links
CN 18.06.1993 p4 Convent controversy laughable
CN 26.08.2005 p62 St Ann’s House; for sale ad; photograph
CN 04.11.2005 p1 House sold for £1m plus
CN 23.11.2007 p67 St Ann’s for sale 650,000 pounds

SAINT ANN’S HILL
CJ 22.10.1873 Sale of estate
B/CAR 333.333 Sale 12.10.1909

SAINT AUGUSTINE’S ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH Parish founded in 1947 when Father Kelly of the Lancaster Diocee was sent to Stanwix; parish hall built in 1952 and permanent church dedicated in 1979, opposite hall
CN 29.07.1960 pp2,6,7 (illus) CN 13.07.1979 pp9, 24 (illus)

SAINT AUGUSTINE’S SOCIAL CLUB Date stone 11.11.1952
CN 14.1.2008 p11 Social club to close; not generating enough money

SAINT BARNABAS CHURCH Mission Hall on Newtown Rd built in 1898 and consecrated on 11.06.1899; on 09.06.1936 new church consecrated on different site on Shady Grove Road; architect of new church J.Seely and P.Paget, built by John Laing
CN 25.04.1936 p9 (illus) CN 12.09.1969 p10 (illus)
Carlisle an illustrated history p43 photo of exterior of church
CP 07.10.1898 p7a Stone laying of new mission hall ; extreme end of Newtown
ENS 10.06.1936 p3 (illus) Consecration of church
CN 16.04.1949 p5 (illus) 13th anniversary of consecration of new church
ENS 08.06.1976 p3 (illus) Kids see 40 years of church history

SAINT BEDE’S CHAPEL (Ancient) Now St James Church, Denton Holme
CJ 08.09.1865 p5

SAINT BEDE’S ROMAN CATHOLIC SCHOOL December 1866 school chapel mission opened; school chapel erected in Silloth Street in 1884; enlarged 1889; old school closed 18.04.1962; new school opened off Wigton Road 14.07.1962
‘Team Spirit’ August 1962
CJ 27.04.1866 Lecture in aid of erection of new RC school in Caldewgate
CP 16.12.1870 Total nos on register 248, in attendance 174
CN 13.07.1962 p10 (illus) Opening
ENS 16.02.1963 Licensed club opens in old school; Carlisle Young Men’s Society
ENS 05.03.1996 p6 (illus) Kids ‘run daily risk’ over poor parking
CN 09.09.2005 p3 School takes in 10 new pupils from Poland

SAINT BEDE’S ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH Original school chapel built on Silloth St 1866; school chapel built in Silloth Street 1883 ; foundation stone of new church on Wigton Road laid 25.01.1959; consecration 24.11.1959; opened formally 08.05.1960.
CN 30.01.1959 pp1,7 (illus) CJ 10.05.1960 pp1,5 (illus)
CN 13.05.1960 pp6-8 (illus) CN 20.02.1970 p10 (illus)
CN 15.04.1950 p4 Ghost
CN 06.03.1987 p40 Opening of new community centre
CN 05.06.1987 p4(illus) 1920-21 football team
CN 19.02.1999 p1 Catholic priest bans ancient throat blessing ceremonies

SAINT BEDE’S SOCIAL CLUB
CN 27.02.2009 p10 Social club closed for 3 months because of rowdy behaviour

SAINT CHRISTOPHER’S HOUSE Carleton
CN 16.12.1977 p14 (illus) Opened as restaurant

SAINT CUTHBERT’S CHURCH Church first mentioned in 1138; Demolition of old church commenced 01.01.1778; rebuilding commenced 13.01.1778; opened about 22/23 September 1779; dated 1778 on weather vane; present Vicarage on West Walls, but previously on Botchergate, near Christ Church ; first lit by gas 04.10.1835; graveyard closed 1854; alteration 1880; organ renovated 1883; interior restored 1885; Mrs Nelson’s window 1886; gravestones cleared in 1888; church repainted 1894; new residence in Eaglesfield Abbey 1897; electric light installed, new vestry, organ etc October 1902; new choir seats and removal of pulpit October 1905; new organ 1905; rooms secured on West Walls as Parish Hall 1911; rendos and chancel panelling 1914; complete redecoration July 1920; Parish Hall reconstructed and fitted with electric light 1921; repairs and alterations for heating 1922; addition to Parish Hall 1923; vicarage repaired and redecorated 1923; graveyard laid out as garden 1969; moving pulpit made in the workshop of George Black, Carlisle [obit 26.10.1929 p10]
CJ 27.07.1962 p9
1703 Bp Nicolson’s The Diocese of Carlisle pp101-02 1703 description
1778 Effigies removed during rebuilding to Ainstable CWAAS OS Vol 15 p417
Jefferson, S History ...Carlisle, 1838, pp269-70 Bishop Nicolson’s 1702 description
Cumberland Pacquet 01.09.1778 Recording building
Cumberland Pacquet 21.09.1779 Recording opening
Hutchinson,Vol 2, 1794, pp640-1; Detailed description of boundaries of parish
CJ 25.05.1822 p1c Ad for two sittings
CJ 14.05.1825 Proposed new railings
CJ 28.05.1825 Proposed new railings
1850 General Board of Health Enquiry. R.Rawlinson p86 Burials 1828-1849
04.12.1851 Rev Fawcett died; preached here for 50 years; Mon Inscr inside church
CWAAS OS Vol 2 pp347 - 354 Carlisle Registers; St Cuthbert’s begin 1693
CWAAS OS Vol 8 pp523-4 Church bells; ealiest mention 1651
CP 15.05.1896 St Cuthbert’s Vicarage in Botchergate sold
CWAAS NS Vol 4 p127 Bust of John Fawcett/ medallion to Matthewman Donald
CN 20.12.1913 p11c Bower Memorial dedicated; new reredros
CN 30.10.1959 p10 Reopened after rebuilding 03.10.1779
ENS 14.06.1960 p3 St Cuthbert’s organist leaving city (Mr Eastwood)
CN 23.11.1973 p6 Moving pulpit
ENS 05.08.1978 p8 (illus) The grave robbers
CN 15.01.1987 p1 New window designed by Ray Nicol
CN 16.03.1990 p4 (illus) Church that a saint might have dedicated
CN 23.04.1993 p1 Churches £30,000 bill for repairs
CN 14.05.1993 p7 Good start to church appeal
CN 03.05.1996 p8 (illus) Victorian miracles pulpit takes off down the line
Cumbria Life August 1999 no 64 Supplement p21 2A 9
CN 15.10.1999 p9 Modern art for ancient churchyard
CN 04.05.2001 p6 Old church plate on show at Cathedral
CN 07.03.2003 p3 Diseased tree to be chopped down in old churchyard
12.07.2003 Tree in St Cuthbert’s yard now in logs
CN 12.03.2004 p14 Two cherry trees planted in churchyard
CN 21.01.2005 p36 Day in life of vicar Richard Pratt
CN 25.03.2005 p14 Oak floor of vestry restored
CN 02.09.2005 p1 McFly sucret pop concert in church

SAINT CUTHBERTS LANE So named venelloSci Cuthbert Karli in 1378;
S.Davidson Carlisle Breweries and Public Houses 1894 - 1916,pp95-101 pubs
For letters EWS painted on lane wall see EMERGENCY WATER SUPPLY
Carlisle Examiner 01.10.1859 p4b Plea to be flagged
City Minutes 1925-6 p437 Overhead gangway to connect shops; pillar at corner
175 Years of Carlisle p93 St Cuthbert’s Lane in 1980
CN 21.12.1990 p7 Opening delays
CN 18.01.1991 p1 City shops face siege by raiders
CN 18.01.1991 p9 New centre for old folk
CN 25.01.1991 p6 Anchorage is haven

ST CUTHBERT’S MONASTRY Monastry founded by St Cuthbert in 685; thought to lie within the vicinity of St Cuthbert’s Church and the Cathedral [McCarthy,M Carlisle history and guide p34]; Monastry and city sacked by Vikings, probably in AD 876 [p37]

SAINT CUTHBERT’S SCHOOL (Roman Catholic) Original opened in September 1871 in Fusehill Street; new school at Botcherby opened by Bishop Pearson 30th August 1972
CP 16.12.1870 Proposed number of children 250
CP 29.09.1871 p5a Formal opening of School by Bishop of Hexham/Newcastle
CN 10.04.1970 p1 To be rebuilt
CN 21.11.1975 p8 To be demolished
CN 28.11.1975 p15 (illus) Demolition and history
CN 24.05.1996 p14 Ad
CN 04.04.1997 p3 Teachers shine as school gets glowing report
CN 05.03.2004 p15 Photo of conservation club planting trees
CN 13.01.2006 p 7 £100,000 extension to school; p4 death of ex head Mr White

SAINT CUTHBERT’S STREET
City Council Minutes 22.07.1881 Approval for laying out new street

SAINT CUTHBERT’S WELL Market Place
CN 03.09.1971 p14

SAINT CUTHBERT’S WORKHOUSE see HARRABY HILL WORKHOUSE

SAINT EDMUNDS PARK
CN 29.06.1990 p16 Quality Street quite the town’s tidiest

SAINT EDMUND’S ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH Parish formed 1970; plot of land bought in Morton, foundations laid in 1972 and the completed building, a dual purpose Church/Hall, was handed over in time to celebrate Midnight Mass at Christmas 1973; new building completed in 1980 and church officially dedicated by Bishop Foley on 28.20.1980

SAINT ELISABETH’S CHURCH Harraby; Mission Hall of circa 1954; foundation stone of new church laid 15.10.1966 by Thomas Bloomer, Bishop of Carlisle; architect D.T.Johnston; consecrated 26.09.1967
CJ 22.07.1966 p11 (illus) CN 21.10.1966 p9 (illus) CJ 29.09.1967 p1(illus)
CN 29.09.1967 p11 (illus)
CN 10.08.1962 p1 New church to be built
ENS 21.07.1966 p7 St Elizabeth’s Harraby
CN 22.07.1966 p13 (illus) Bells from St Stephen’s Church
ENS 17.10.1966 p3 Bishop lays new church stone
Images of Carlisle Cumberland News p33 Rev Lowther tops off church; photo
CN 04.03.1994 p18 Vandals blitz church
CN 04.08.2000 p3 Bellringers gather for Royal birthday tribute
CN 14.12.2001 p8 An appeal goes out for bell ringers

SAINT GABRIEL’S SCHOOL Started 27.02.1940 by the Nuns of the Order of Convent of the Sacred Heart; became a part of Cardinal Newman School September 1968
Rafferty, K Portrait of a Parish p69
CN 24.02.1961 p19
Images of Carlisle Cumberland News p80 Phoot of 1966 prizewinners
Images of Carlisle Cumberland News p73 St Gabriel’s pupils in 1970

SAINT GEORGES CRESCENT, Stanwix Land owned by the Duke of Devonshire and developed by his gardner Joseph Paxton; gates originally stood across the entrance to Cavendish Terrace. The Devonshire private estate ran up Stanwix Bank to Etterby Street, down Etterby Street to Etterby Terrace and back to Cavendish Terrace; street names show the family’s noble connections
CP 20.01.1871 p1c To let; 2 villas newly built

SAINT GEORGES DAY
CN 23.04.1999 p9 Legend of St George lives on at Penrith
CN 30.04.1993 p4 Day that passed into history

SAINT GEORGES UNITED REFORMED CHURCH Warwick Road United with Charlotte Street Congregational Church to become United Reformed Church in 1973
see Presbyterian Church, Warwick Road
CN 13.01.1995 p17 Falling spire danger

SAINT HERBERT’S CHURCH (With St Stephen’s) Currock; Mission Hall dedicated 21.01.1932; extension commenced in October 1967 and finished in March 1969; church rededicated 21.03.1969
CN 06.02.1970 (illus)
CN 19.11.1954 p3 (illus) Laying foundation stone of parish hall
ENS 23.08.1967 p3 £20,000 facelift
CN 25.08.1967 p8 Alterations
CN 28.03.1969 p9 Conversions dedicated
CN 21.02.1997 p8 (illus) Church organ

SAINT JAMES CHURCH Denton Holme; Mission Hall erected 1883; foundation stone laid 12.09.1865; consecrated 25.07.1867; new organ 1878; brass eagle lectern given 1887; new heating ventillation 1890; electric light installed April 1902; stained glass window April 1907; war memorial brass 1920; vicarage front railings and wall built 1921; vicarage renovated and modernised 1935; oak panelling of Sanctuary, new communion rails, chancel carpet, spire repaired 1937; 1963 spire repaired; roof repaired in 1969; 1994 new centre extension
CJ 15.09.1865 p5 CN 06.11.1970 p10 (illus)
CJ 08.09.1865 p5 Site
CP 09.09.1865 p5c Cornerstone of St James to be laid on 12th Sept
CP 16.09.1865 pp 4,5 Report of foundation stone laying; engraving of church p2
CJ 13.03.1866 Lady Waldegrave increases subs. to £700 allowing spire to be built
CJ 08.11.1867 p5 Debt paid off
CJ 03.07.1868 p4f Stained glass in St James designed by Messrs John Scott
CWAAS OS Vol 8 p530 Details of church bell
A Denton Holme Childhood, B.Cullen, p 46 photo of church
A Denton Holme Childhood, B.Cullen, p33 photo of annual church parade, 1925
Images of Carlisle Cumberland News p113 Photo of 1950s church parade
CN 18.06.1949 p5 Unveliing of war memorial Window
CN 05.07.1974 p5 Vandals attack pre -Norman Font
CN 21.06.1991 p3 Pulpit plea for church centre cash
CN 13.12.1991 p9 Church in plea for centre cash aid
CN 10.07.1992 p9 Anniversary cash bid by church
CN 05.03.1993 p11 City churches £500,000 stake in future
CN 12.03.1993 p27 Start of new era for church
CN 19.03.1993 p13 Depression holds up church sale
CN 09.07.1993 p3 Parish celebration
CN 14.01.1994 p3 £350,000 gifts in first 3 years
CN 21.01.1994 p9 Centre celebration
CN 03.12.1999 p15 From church to plague hospital
CN 03.05.2002 p12 Feature on church with increased congregation with Rev Libby
CN 14.06.2002 p29 Courses run in Christian faith by Rev Nodder
CN 09.05.2003 p7 £100,000 revamp for church; average attendance 250
CN 11.08.2006 p7 Church gates against the vandals

SAINT JAMES HALL
CP 07.01.1898 p3f Mutual improvement society

SAINT JAMES MISSION HALL Blencowe Street
13.04.1883 memorial stone laid; official opening 26.10.1883
A Denton Holme Childhood, B.Cullen, p48 photo of youngsters in 1935

SAINT JAMES PARK
City Mintes 1933-34 p 339 Sale of Teasdale’s Recreation Ground to become municipal recreation ground
City Council Minutes XLVII p382 Naming of ground
CJ 03.04.1936 p3 Bowling green
CN 04.04.1936 p7 Opening of new bowling green
CN 02.05.1936 p14 Playground opening

SAINT JAMES ROAD So named in 1879 Directory, the foundation stone of St James Church was laid out in 1865 and the street was laid out to serve the church; No 10,‘Tuethur,’ built 1923; designed by Sir Robert Lorimer; James Morton stayed here Tuesday to Thursday, hence the name;Sir John Laing lived at no 42, white brick house built by his father
Three generations in a Family Textile Firm, J.Morton, pp312-13 Description
CP 10.12.1880 p1d Ad; No1 Poplar Villas to let
CP 07.02.1896 p1a No 2 Collingwood Villas, St James Road for sale; Mr De Ville tenant
CN 27.10.2006 Laing built houses, circa 1870, two for sale

SAINT JAMES SCHOOL Built 1872
CP 16.12.1870 Proposed number of scholars 125
Denton Magazine No 2 1964-5 p5 From 1879 Pupils taught in new Morley St Sch
CN 04.08.2006 p10 Secular teaching here until opening of new Board School In Denton Holme, then became a Sunday School

SAINT JOHN’S AMBULANCE
CJ 26.10.1880 Meeting in city with view to forming a branch in city; motion carried
CN 04.05.1973 p15 (illus)
CN 18.10.1968 p5 New HQ
CN 19.06.1987 p10 Centenary
CN 26.06.1987 p10 Centenary
CN 20.12.1991 p7 St John security booster
CN 19.06.1992 p7 Facelift for St John HQ
CN 26.02.1999 p4 My pride in St John brigade

SAINT JOHN THE BAPTIST Upperby; built 1840; consecrated 30.06.1846; church hall built 1934; cathedral glass in six windows 1935; 1975 community facilities added along with transept chapel
CN 05.09.1969 p12 CN 14.04.1978 p15
CJ 02.03.1839 p 2e Contract for new churches at Upperby and Houghton
CJ 18.05.1839 p3 Laying of foundation stone
Carlisle an illustrated history p58 photo of church
1850 General Board of Health Enquiry. R.Rawlinson p88 Cemetery opened 1846
CJ 02.04.1940 p1 Parishoners prepare for centenary
ENS 11.04.1973 p9 (illus) Churches of Cumbria - St John the Baptist
CN 17.01.1969 p22 Repairs
CN 26.01.2007 p9 Parish hall in need of refurbishment; built 1930s

SAINT JOHN THE EVANGELIST London Road; consecrated 27.03.1867; Miss Hodgson Memorial Window 1882; 1883 six new stained glass window; 1890 new heating, ventillation; 1890 Mission Chapel erected at Botcherby;1891 Caretaker’s house added to school; 1894 Brass lectern gift of Mrs Boyd; new drainage in parsonage; war memorial dedicated 27.02.1921; 1986 sports hall and meeting rooms added to Close Stside of church
CWAAS OS Vol 8 p530 Details of church bell
Linton Holme suburb of Carlisle p32 photos and architect’s drawing
CJ 08.03.1867 p9 new church
CJ 29.03.1867 p5 Consecration
CP 04.03.1892 p3c 25th anniversary of consecration
CP 15.04.1898 p6e St John’s Church vestry meeting
ENS 08.07.1970 Supp p6 St John was built to provide free seating for poor
CN 16.06.1978 p1 Demolition

SAINT JOHN’S PUPIL TEACHERS’ CENTRE Founded May 1898

SAINT JOHN’S SCHOOL Infants and girls school opened January 1872; girls school was on the corner of Edward St and Close Street and became Greystone School, the boys school was opposite; Infant School on South Street in St John’s Hall; Norman Street School was formally opened 20.10.1908 and nearly all the children attending St John’s Infant School entered the new school and the Head Teacher and three of his assistants were entered upon the staff of Norman Street School [City of Carlisle Education Week 1958 p51 1BC 370 p51]; final meeting of the managers held on 10.10.1938 and transferred to local authority finalised
CP 16.12.1870 Proposed number of scholars 415
Our City Our People, M.Edwards, pp8-9 Description of school in 1890s
City Minutes 1905-06 p373 St John’s Nat. Infants Sch. condemned from 31.08.07

ST JOSEPH’S GARDENS
CN 18.08.2006 p72 Russell Armer Homes; development well under way
CN 20.04.2007 p26 Ad for sale on new homes

SAINT JOSEPH’S HOME FOR AGED POOR; Albert Street
1891 census; Mary Coner, Mother Superior, 42, bn Germany, 43 patients

SAINT JOSEPH’S HOME Botcherby; built 1892 by Little Sisters of the Poor
See also Little Sisters of the Poor; 1901 census 11 nuns caring for 67 men and women aged between 65 to 92; home being demolished in week to 01.11.2003
Linton Holme a suburb of Carlisle p38 facade plan, photos
CN 08.02.1963 p10 CN 12.11.1976 p1 CN 17.12.1976 p6 CN 01.02.1978 p17
CN 22.06.1979 p1 CN 13.01.1978 p3 CN 01.12.1978 p17
CN 12.11.1976 p1 Closure
ENS 02.12.1976 p1 Closure announced today
CN 07.04.1977 p17 Closure
CN 14.06.2002 p8 Derelict and vandalised home may be developed for housing
CN 11.10.2002 p3 St Joseph’s Home burns down
CN 13.08.2004 p2 Planned housing development on site by Russell Armer Ltd
CN 21.01.2005 p15 28 homes planned

SAINT JOSEPH’S RESIDENTIAL HOME Botcherby
CN 25.11.1988 p8 Ad

SAINT KENTIGERN
Cumbria March 1962 p446 In Carlisle 553AD

SAINT LAWRENCE’S WELL Placename mentioned in quitclaim of 10.01.1360/1 [CWAAS Vol 71, 1971, p59];situated in the Denton Holme area; for location see Carlisle an illustrated history p 14, also CWAAS 1971, vol 71 map opp p52

SAINT LUKE THE EVANGELIST Morton; consecrated 02.04.1960
CN 30.11.1956 p11 CJ 05.04.1960 pp1,8 (illus) CJ 08.04.1960 p9 (illus)
CN 08.04.1960 pp2,3 (illus) CN 07.08.1970 p10 (illus)
Carlisle an illustrated history p43 photo of procession on consecration day
ENS 04.04.1960 p7 Bishop consecrates new church at Morton
CN 07.04.1967 p12 Debt paid off
CN 14.05.2004 p1 Rev Karl Wray speaks out against women priests
CN 21.05.2004 p13 Letter from Rev Wray concerning his views on women priests

SAINT MARGARET MARY’S CHURCH Upperby Foundation stone of Assembly Hall [Blackwell Rd] as temporary church laid 11.09.1933; foundation stone of new church laid 14.05.1961; consecrated 15.08.1962
CJ 17.08.1962 p1
CJ 12.05.1933 Parish formed
ENS 03.12.1959 p7 Site of new Roman Catholic church discussed
Images of Carlisle Cumberland News p33 1962 photo of Canon Begley
CN 04.10.2002 p11 Celebration mass for 40th anniversary

SAINT MARGARET MARY’S CLUB Parish Hall on Scalegate Rd licensed 03.12.1956; 01.05.1963 concert room added; 27.03.1972 lounge opened

SAINT MARGARET MARY’S SCHOOL Currock Foundation stone laid 12.12.1937; opened 03.08.1938
CJ 12.07.1938 p6,7(illus) New Catholic school
CJ 02.08.1938 p1 Delayed opening
CJ 16.08.1938 p5 Carlisle latest school
CN 19.09.2008 p7 New extension opened

SAINT MARK’S CHURCH Belah; foundation stone laid October 1951; opened and dedicated September 1952
CJ 30.09.1952 p1 Opening
CN 03.10.1952 Opening
CN 18.02.1994 p9 Curate praises fire crews
CN 17.02.1995 p12 Wedding bells first time in 40 years
CN 25.09.1998 p20 Bishop will dedicate work of art
CN 12.10.2001 p11 (illus) Bulbs planted to celebrate 50 years since foundation

SAINT MARTIN’S COLLEGE
CN 28.03.1997 p2 New boss for university
CN 30.05.1997 p1 Red tape delays move to 14 MU
CN 10.12.1999 p11 Fail marks for college
CN 23.03.2001 p6 Development at Fusehill Street campus
CN 12.10.2001 p15 Tony James made principal of the Carlisle campus
CN 13.08.2004 p5 £3m developlent plan at Fusehill St campus
CN 30.09.2005 p31 Photo Carrock Hall, new hall of residence at Fusehill Campus
CN 17.02.2006 p17 £4m Learning Gateway opens next month at Fusehill St site
CN 05.05.2006 p1 St Martin’s College and Cumbria Institute of Arts to merge in August 2007 to form new University of Cumbria; University of Central Lancashire agree to hand over to new university Carlisle and Newton Rigg campuses
CN 30.06.2006 p5 Learning Gateway building officially opened
CN 02.08.2007 pp1,5 Amalgamation of St Martin’s College, University of Central Lancashire and Cumbria Institute of the Arts to form University of Cumbria

SAINT MARTIN’S LANE, STANWIX
City Minutes 1933-34 p76 nos 1-9 Unfit for human habitation

SAINT MARY’S CHURCH Originally in nave of Cathedral; graveyard in Cathedral closed 01.05.1854; new church designed by architect Ewan Christian built by Messrs Charles Armstrong; foundation stone 05.06.1868 laid opposite East Window of Cathedral; 1869 bell hung [CWAAS OS Vol 8 pp522-3]; consecrated 25.01.1870; organ rebuilt and interior alterations 1889;new entrance onto Castle Street, heating improved 1891; repaired inside and outside, new heating system 1897; new altar clothes; new parish rooms (Richmond Hall) built 1909; new heating apparatus 1911; electric light, old oak from Cathedral installed 1920; memorial window 1921; new carpets 1925; closed 1938; demolioshed 1954.
After 1932 see Saint Paul’s with which it was united
CWAAS OS Vol 2 pp347 - 354 Carlisle Registers; registers exist from 1648
CWAAS vol 39 pp 45 - 58
CWAAS vol 55 pp 311 - 316
CN 04.12.1970 p16 (illus)
1703 Bp Nicolson The Diocese of Carlisle pp98-9 Description of Cathedral Church
Hutchinson Vol 2, 1794, p 640 Description of boundaries of parish
E.Nelson Around Carlisle p20 Interior photo
Carlisle People and Places p122 interior and exterior photos
Carlisle in old picture postcards; view 4 Exterior view
175 Years of Carlisle p77 view of exterior
CJ 14.11.1865 p3 Proposed new church
CJ 24.11.1865 p5 Inconvenience in nave
CJ 08.12.1865 p5 Inconvenience in nave
CP 17.04.1868 p5 St Mary’s new church
CJ 29.09.1868 p2f Progress report on construction work
CP 28.01.1898 p6d Annual tea and entertainment
CJ 08.07.1938 p9 Closing of two city churches
Images of Carlisle Cumberland News p178 photo of last baptism 31.07.1938
Images of Carlisle Cumberland News p179 photo of church
CN 19.09.1953 p3 Proposed demolition
CN 11.06.1954 Illustration of altar
CN 26.05.1989 p4 Population boom brought new churches
CN 13.07.1990 p4 City church used hotel panelling
CN 27.07.1990 p4 Church recalled
CN 05.02.1999 p7 (illus) Landmark may become car park
CN 11.02.1999 p13 (illus) The Cathedral that hid behind a pub
CN 04.05.2001 p6 St Mary’s church plate goes on show at Cathedral.

SAINT MARY’S GATE October 1924 new street cut; so named because it was opposite the gate to St Mary’s Church
CN 27.12.1957 p6 CN 22.02.1985 p4
CJ 15.12.1922 p7 Through Mr Clements property at the old Mechanics Institute, of recent years used by City Surveyor
CJ 15.12.1922 p9 Mechanics Institute had been given to the city many years ago as a present. Surveyor had it for some 30 years
City Minutes 1923-24 p688 Work of demoliton of property underway
City Minutes 1924-25 p581New street to be called St Mary’s Gate
CJ 08.05.1925 p5 New thoroughfare ‘eyesore’
CJ 09.09.1924 Tender accepted from Mr Harrison for demolition of properties
CJ 10.07.1925 p6 New Street to be called St Mary’s gate
CJ 11.09.1925 Was Laing’s tender for sewering and forming new street lowest?
CJ 25.09.1925 Photo from Cathedral; p5 Jottings
Carlisle in Camera 1 pp54,55 Photos of buildings to be demolished
CJ 13.08.1946 p2 Origin of name
CN 27.05.1977 p6 (illus) Story of
ENS 22.09.1976 Doomed to the demolishers; city landmark to make way for block

SAINT MARY’S HOME FOR FALLEN WOMEN/ PENITENTS Coal Fell; opened 1872; laundry built 1894; closed circa 1920; home revived in 1926 - see Coledale Hall
CP 20.12.1872 p5b Letter; home opened last day in May this year
CN 14.04.1972 p8 (illus)
1901 census; Eliza Denton, matron of Girlds Training Home, 27 girls, of which 20 laundry maids, others sewing maids, scullery, serving, parlour and house maids, aged 15 - 27, none of whom appear to be from Carlisle
CN 24.01.2003 p6 History of the home; closed circa 1920; laundry continued

SAINT MARY’S HOME FOR FRIENDLESS GIRLS see COLEDALE HALL

SAINT MARY’S WORKHOUSE Devonshire Walk; CAIH built in 1784, Jollie 1811 built in 1780, Mannix 1847 built 1785; so named on Wood’s 1821 map of city; sold in 1864 when inmates transferred to the Fusehill Union Workhouse
Plan of Workhouse; Appendix E The New Poor Law in Cumberland...2A 362.5
1829 Directory p143 Generally 60 paupers some employed in teasing oakum
Carlisle Examiner 30.05.1857 Supp 1a,b Cruelty to inmates
Carlisle Examiner 09.06.1857 p4 Cruelty to inmates
Carlisle Examiner 13.06.1857 Supplement Cruelty to inmates
Carlisle Examiner 16.06.1857 p3 letter
Carlisle Examiner 19.09.1857 p3 e,f Ill treatment of paupers
Carlisle Examiner 14.08.1858 p3 Allegations of mistreatment of paupers
Carlisle Examiner 17.08.1858 p3a Enquiry at workhouse - letter
1861 census 67 inmates, of which 21 women; E. Parker master, I.Woodall, matron
Carlisle an illustrated history p44 photo of buildings in 1909 when steam dye works

SAINT MICHAEL’S CHURCH; Stanwix Medieval site in the centre of the Roman Fort of Petriana, the path to the church and then onto Brampton Rd is along the alignment of the west wall of the Roman fort and the south side of the graveyard marks the southern boundary of the fort; two of the decorated capitals from the medieval church lay outside, one near the church the other in the undergrowth in the graveyard; illustration of medieval church in Carlisle an illustrated history p14; cornerstone of present church laid 01.06.1841; consecrated 23.06.1842; 21.12.1843 church partly burned; churchyard closed for burials in 1885. Notable memorials in the graveyard include on the northsidethe repositioned 1901 hogback memorial to R.S.Ferguson, the Chancellor of the Diocese of Carlisle; a memorial to Miles MacInnes of Rickerby House, and a stone, near the Brampton Rd entrance, to the five daughters of Dean Tait who died of Scarlet fever in the Deanery in one month in 1856; a tablet tomb to George Head Head who lived at Rickerby House ans was a benefactor to the parish
See also Stanwix Old Vicarage
CWAAS OS Vol 7 pp234 -6 Stanwix church bells
CN 14.11.1969 p10 (illus)
1703 Bp Nicolson Diocese of Carlisle pp104-5 Description of church in 1703
1720 Read’s Point of View by M.Burkett; colour plate 9, ‘Carlisle from Stanwix’ shows Stanwix Church circa 1720
Carlisle Examiner 10.07.1858 p3f Stanwix Churchyard erection of new iron gates
CWAAS OS Vol 15, 1897-8 p453 Much worn effigy of a female lies in churchyard
CJ 30.08.1901 p5 Desciption of Stanwix Churchyard stone for Chan. Ferguson
CP 16.10.1903 p6 Dedication of new clock in tower
CJ 13.04.1934 Uncovered effigy and incised graveslab
CJ 05.06.1934 Graveyard to be levelled
CN 26.09.1936 Onlooker
CJ 05.05.1942 p1 Centenary
CJ 08.05.1942 p2 Centenary
CJ 23.06.1942 p2 Centenary celebrations
CJ 03.07.1942 p2 (illus) Centenary celebrations
CN 18.03.1950 Uncovered effigy found in 1934 uncovered again
CN 12.03.1965 p8 Rededicated
CN 10.03.1978 Appeal for city church extension
CN 03.08.1990 p1 US film maker’s gift to church
CN 01.05.1992 p4 Church appeal
CN 15.05.1992 p4 Church marking 150 years history
CN 12.06.1992 p9 Church special for 150 years
CN 29.04.1994 p10 150 years ago pulling down
CN 28.03.1997 p10 Old stones tell history of the church inside Roman fort
CN 30.07.1999 p5 Stanwix to vote on church revamp
CN 13.08.1999 p10 Ways to worship
CN 03.09.1999 p5 Churchgoers fear threat to tradition
CN 08.10.1999 p3 Vicar keeps decision under wraps
CN 15.10.1999 p2 Support us in new look church
CN 10.03.2000 p5 Church sends gospel gift to 4,000 homes
CN 02.06.2000 p13 (illus) Letter concerning removal of pews
CN 09.06.2000 p13 Letter concerning refurbishment of church
CN 04.08.2000 p3 Protest at plan to create parking spaces over graves
CN 30.03.2001 p16 Letter concerning taking hearses to church door etc
CN 10.08.2001 p1 Minister off sick for 4 months tells of campaign to get rid of him
CN 17.08.2001 p5 Support for vicar from PCC; letter p14
CN 18.01.2002 p5 Rev Ireton explains why he’s been off for so long
CN 08.02.2002 p9 Tired vicar, Rev Ireton, to convalesce in Norway
CN 28.06.2002 p5 Friends of ther churchyard to be set up
CN 01.11.2002 p19 Proposed changes to church; consistory court to determine
CN 10.01.2003 p10 Consistory Court to decide if changes can go ahead
CN 24.01.2003 p9 Consistory Court decision awaited; court held on 19th Jan
CN 07.02.2003 p9 Consistory court votes for change
CN 14.05.2004 p13 Letter concerning conservation work at Stanwix Churchyard
CN 01.04.2005 p 3 Ben Phillips new vicar
CN 14.07.2006 p1 and p3 Restoration of church clock
CN 15.12.2006 p11 £500,000 needed to make church watertight
CN 15.08.2008 p10 Restoration works begins; scaffolding up
CN 31.10.2008 p5 Stonemasons at work on St Michael’s Church

SAINT MONICA’S SCHOOL
See also Austin Friars School
CN 21.05.1993 p14 New era at Saint Monica’s
CN 02.03.2001 p16 Unites with Austin Friars School from April 6th
CN 13.06.2003 p17 Becomes a chariable trust; school set up in the mid 1980s

SAINT NICHOLAS Named Sainte Nicholas Hill in 1610 Survey of the Soccage lands of Carlisle, [original in Howard of Naworth Archive, Durham Univerity, ref C49/1. See Northern History Vol XX, 1984];
See also Leper Hospital
Jollie 1811 St Nicholas house of Joseph Studholme - formerly leper hospital
CJ 29.07.1949 p1 Illustration of new bus shelter

SAINT NICHOLAS ARMS 47 London Road; former house built early 19th century; formerly the residence of Isaac Cartmel, city treasurer; tree in front Oriental Plane
CJ 22.07.1921 p7 To open
CJ 07.02.1922 Chief Constable’s report
CN 01.07.1988 p8 Pub sports a new look; ad feature

SAINT NICHOLAS BRIDGE Bridge built over Lancaster and Carlisle Railway which opened in 1846, immediately north of this a level crossing gave access over the Newcastle and Carlisle Railway railway; 1874-77 railway improvements around Carlisle extended the bridge north over the N and C line; a reconstructed bridge opened by Mayor 15.03.1928
CP 03.12.1875 Carlisle Railway Extension; new bridge will have 5 arches
City Minutes 1923-24 Work on south approach began 29.09.1924
City Minutes 1924-25 p389 Report on work on bridge
City Minutes 1924-25 p582 Sale of land in connection with improvement
City Minutes 1925-26 pp 58, 117, 177, 320, 452, 538 Progress reports
City Minutes 1926-27 pp 94, 214, 309, 374, 447, 516, 760 Progress reports
City Minutes 1927-28 pp 69, 127, 191, 264 Progress reports
Carlisle the Archive Photographs p94 photo of bridge before 1926-8 widening
CJ 04.03.1927 Photo of reconstruction
CN 17.03.1928 p9 Reconstructed bridge opens
CN 21.07.2006 p10 History of Bridge; D.Perriam

SAINT NICHOLAS FIREWOOD COMPANY Fire of 11.09.1914 causes £900 of damage

SAINT NICHOLAS GATE
CN 09.02.1990 p3 MFI set moving date
CN 21.07.1995 p1 Tension mounts over boy racer
CN 12.01.1996 p4 Gates and bollards spoil boy racers

SAINT NICHOLAS STONE WORKS
CP 15.04.1898 p5b A new local company

SAINT NICHOLAS STREET Nos. 5-61 odd, east side, terrace of 28 houses built late 1840s and early 1850s
S.Davidson Carlisle Breweries and Public Houses 1894 - 1916 pp66-7 2 photos
CJ 03.11.1821 House of William Brown advertised for sale [No 38?]
CJ 30.03.1855 4 houses for sale
ENS 12.06.1996 (illus) pp8-9

SAINT NINIANS ROAD
Carlisle an illustrated history p54 Painting of thatched houses in 1910

SAINT NINIAN’S WELL
CJ 01.07.1921 p5

SAINT PATRICK’S DAY
CJ 13.03.1942 p6 How commemorated and traditions

SAINT PATRICK’S SCHOOL Founded 1825; enlarged 1844; 15.12.1908 moved to new building; 1949 new classrooms; became part of Cardinal Newman School September 1968
CN 12.03.1938 p13 CN 03.01.1964 p10 ENS 21.09.1967 p7 (illus)
CJ 25.03.1826 p1c St Patrick’s Institution annual dinner; 200 on school books
CJ 25.03.1826 p3b Land for St Patrick’s School given SE of Eden Bridges
CJ 01.04.1826 p3b,c St Patrick’s Institiute dinner
1834 Pigot’s Diretory Michael McGuff , Master
1847 Directory; Catholic School, Michael McGough
CP 16.12.1870 Total nos of pupils on roll 220 , total in attendance 166
City Minutes 1904-05 p345 Approval for new school; Albert Street
ENS 23.12.1963 p5 School slum
CJ 24.03.1967 p15 New school
CN 24.11.1967 p26 (illus) Foundation stone laid
Images of Carlisle Cumberland News p81 Photo of pupils on move to Newman
CN 12.10.2001 p15 (illus of trip abroad in 1948) Third reunion for ex pupils

SAINT PAUL’S CHURCH Built by Messrs Charles Armstrong; consecrated 30.11.1870; new Mission Room opened 12.11.1882; Chancel painted, new furniture 1888; organ enlarged, new tiles in Chancel 1891; altar frontal presented Mrs Bremner 1892; tubular bell in tower 1901; chalice, paten, glass cruets in memory of Louisa Strickland 1914; memorial East window erected, church restored 1919; Memorial brass to Rev Strickland cleaned and repaired 1920; Parish Hall improvements 1922; stained glass window in memory of Mr and Mrs Graham 1924; electric light instaled in Parish Hall 1924; became Saint Mary and Saint Paul 1932; new altar 1939; closed 1976; declared redundant 1978 and became Elim Church
CN 29.05.1970 p10 (illus) CN 20.11.1970 p14 CN 17.12.1976 p6
CJ 01.02.1870 p2 Laying foundation stone
CJ 29.11.1870 p2 Organ
CJ 02.12.1870 p5 Consecration and description
CWAAS OS Vol 8, 1886, p531 No church bell
CWAAS OS Vol 10 p230-6 The Font was formerly from the Cathedral
CN 13.12.1957 p10 Organ inaugurated December 1891
ENS 31.01.1977 p4 Tears as churches close its doors
CN 26.05.1989 p4 Population boom brought new church
CN 15.09.1989 p1 How gypsy side saw the light
CN 20.10.1989 p9 Churchgoers to the rescue
CN 22.03.1991 p1 Farming faith
CN 12.07.1991 p44 Church backs the kids
CN 11.03.1994 p10 The little devils on God’s side
CN 26.07.1996 p1 50 break away from church

SAINT PAUL’S SQUARE
CP 21.09.1877 p1 For sale building sites in Lonsdale St and St Paul’s Sq
CN 10.04.1992 p24 It’s a square with all round excellence

SAINT PETER’S CHURCH, Kingmoor Foundation stone laid 20.06.1930; consecrated 29.01.1931; 1978 partish rooms added; 1990 extensive range of buildings added
CN 10.03.1978 p18 Extension appeal

SAINT PETER’S SCHOOL Scotland Road
CN 05.06.1992 p25 Home plan for old city school

SAINT STEPHEN’S BAND
E.Nelson Around Carlisle p65 photo of band
M.Dickens Those Were the Days p128-9
CN 09.12.1955 p10 CN 23.01.1959 p10 (illus) CN 30.01.1959 p10
CJ 15.10.1965 p11 (illus) CN 29.04.1966 p16 CN 21.03.1980 (illus)
CN 18.01.1985 p4
CJ 27.09.1927 Report of victory in Crystal Palace National Band Championship
CJ 30.09.1927 Ad for civic reception
CJ 03.10.1927 Homecoming
CJ 11.10.1927 Photograph of winning band
CJ 28.09.1928 p7 Tomorrow’s competition at Crystal Palace
CJ 02.10.1928 p2 Photo of crowds at Citadel Station
CJ 02.10.1928 p5 Saint Stephen’s gain 3rd place
CJ 27.09.1929 p7 Tomorrow’s contest at Crystal Palace
CJ 01.10.1929 p5 Carlisle bands triumph
CJ 01.10.1929 p2 Thousand Guineas Trophy
CJ 04.10.1929 p4 Interview with conductor
CJ 04.10.1929 p5 Editorial on band’s success
CJ 04.10.1932 Placed 5th
CN 25.09.1948 p7 Re-established
CJ 06.12.1955 p1 Death of William Lowes, conductor
ENS 30.09.1959 p4 Wins
CN 29.03.1996 p4 Bands silver success
CN 12.03.1999 p4 (illus) Heyday of silver band
CN 02.04.2004 p48 Celebrates 100 years; this year place in National Champs
CN 09.04.2004 p13 Letter; my g-father, William Lowes, conductor from 1911 - 1955

SAINT STEPHEN’S CHURCH James Street; built 1865 by Baroness Berdett-Coutts; foundation stone laid 02.03.1864; consecrated 31.05.1865; edifice of red sandstone with white stone dressings, in the geometric Gothic style and consists of apsidal chancel, clerestoried nave of four bays, aisles and a tower, with spire rising to about 120 feet, and containing 8 bells; the arcades of the nave have piers of polished Aberdeen granite with elaborately carved caps; the roof is open timbered, the principals being supported by carved trusses, representing the Twelve Apostles. The three windows of the apse and the west window are stained [Kelly’s Directory n1938] ; new organ 1877; Mission Room opened December 1898; brass eagle lectern in memory of Mrs Phillips 1899; church pointed and decorated, organ cleaned, new altar 1901; electric light December 1903; Reredos January 1906; Memorial window to Canon Hodges 1912; organ renovated 1919; War memorial tablet 1920; closed June 1961; demolished January 1964
CWAAS OS Vol 8 pp524-8 Church bells
Carlisle from the Kendall Collection pp114-5 photos; not our St Stephen’s church
CN 09.06.1961 p9 (illus) CN 30.06.1961 p12 CN 24.01.1964 p7
CN 24.01.1964 p6 (illus) CN 13.03.1964 p5 (illus)
CJ 05.02.1864 p5 Plans for laying foundation stone
CJ 04.03.1864 p5 Laying the foundation stone
CJ 16.05.1865 p2 Error in site
CJ 02.06.1865 p5 Opening
CP 03.06.1865 p4f Dedication of Saint Stephen’s
CJ 31.10.1865 p2 Bishop preached at
Carlisle the Archive Photographs p127 photo of church 1910
CN 23.07.1965 p10 First peal of bells in Cumberland 31.05.1865
CN 22.07.1966 p13 Bells in St Elisabeth Chuch, Harraby
CN 15.03.1968 p12 Altar silver
CN 30.12.1977 p4 (illus) Removal of bells to St Elizabeth’s
CN 04.11.1988 p4 Woman paid cost of a city church

SAINT STEPHEN’S HOUSE
CN 05.01.1996 p9 City adult training centre to close

SAINT STEPHEN’S INN In local directories from 1869 to 1873

SAINT STEPHEN’S SCHOOL James Street; opened 05.08.1867
Electric light and central heating instaled 1929
CP 16.12.1870 Total nos on register 331, in attendance 269
City of Carlisle Education Week 1958 p53 photo of school 1BC 370
ENS 28.02.1987 p8 Photo of school children around their Maypole about 1920

SAINT THOMAS OF VILLANORA
CN 08.06.1990 p4
CN 15.06.1990 p4 City girl was resistance go between

SALISBURY ROAD
City Minutes 1892/93 item 728 approval for new street

SALKELD HALL
CJ 28.10.1955 p16 Opening
CN 12.11.1993 p1 (illus) Nurses fight to stop sale
CN 19.11.1993 p7 Nurses lose fight to save Salkeld Hall
CN 25.03.1994 p7 Nurses lose hall fight

SALLY PORTS
CN 14.06.1974 p6 CN 19.12.1975 p6
Carlisle in Camera 1 p59 1926 photo of special constables on Sallyport steps
CWAAS ns vol 76 p196-198 Sally Port on West Walls gate revealed in 1973
CN 23.06.2000 p14 Later sally ports steps on West Walls built 1822-35

SALON CULINAIRE EXHIBITION
CN 30.03.1990 p16 Ad

SALON ELYSEE Saint Cuthberrt’s Lane
CN 26.11.1993 p8 Ad

SALVATION ARMY Came to Carlisle 1880; first home at Matchbox Theatre, then Annetwell St at entrance to Castle; new Citadel opened in Abbey Street 15.01.1972; 1935 St Nicholas Bridge Buildings, although they had occupied the same site before
See ‘Under Two Flags’ 1H HIS Memories of Salvation Army in city
CN 03.10.1953 p8 CN 10.10.1953 p8 CJ 13.12.1963 pp12-13 (illus)
CN 29.07.1966 p10 CN 26.06.1970 p14 CN 28.12.1979 p8 CN 20.03.1987 p4
ENS 05.12.1977 p6 (illus) ENS 05.06.1981 p4
Carlisle in Old Picture Postcards, J.Templeton, no74 Salvation Army wedding.
Carlisle an illustrated history p78 Matchbox Theatre when used by army
City Minutes 1892-93 item 221 Approval for building to be erected on Annetwell St
Carlisle People and Places p96 Photo of laying of foundation stone of new Citadel
E.Nelson Around Carlisle p64 photo of Band in 1927
175 Years of Carlisle p 45 photo of Citadel Band; p 116 Salvation Army band
CJ 07.04.1939 p4 New Salvation Army Hall, Shady Grove Road; official opening
CJ 14.04.1939 p1 (illus) New Salvation Army Hall, Shady Grove Road
CN 04.06.1953 p8 Illustration of the visit of General Booth in 1905
CN 24.10.1953 p8 Illustration of the Matchbox Theatre
CN 09.04.1965 p8 (illus) History in the city
CN 30.04.1965 p2 Centenary celebrations
CN 30.04.1965 p10 (illus) Citadel Quartette Singers
CN 03.04.1970 p14 Young peoples band
CN 02.04.1971 p14 (illus) Opening of Citadel in Annetwell Street
CN 08.04.1971 p12 (illus) Matchbox
CN 21.01.1972 p16 Opening of new Citadel in Abbey Street
CN 05.05.1972 p15 (illus) Old Citadel in Annetwell Street demolished
CN 27.03.1987 p4 (illus) Photograph pf Matchbox Theatre
CN 28.03.1991 p9 Blowing their trumpet in style
CN 07.10.1994 p1 Salvation Army aids students
CN 23.04.1999 p5 Neighbours get cross over plans for cross
CN 08.07.2005 p5 125 years in city; work of the Army in city today
CN 02.08.2007 p4 New majors at Abbey Street HQ; Katrina and David Lennox

SALVATION ARMY BANK Botchergate
CD 1893-94 Ad p130

SAMARITANS Started in Carlisle March 1960
CN 26.03.1970 p8 CN 05.02.1971 p1
CN 25.10.1991 p1 Farmers head suicide league
CN 22.05.1992 p9 Help line needs help
CN 23.07.1993 p1 Suicide line for farmers
CN 23.07.1993 p12 Comment on new suicide line for farmers
CN 20.05.1994 p15 Health chief blitz on farm suicides
CN 03.11.1995 p5 New help unveiled by Samaritans
CN 10.01.1997 p3 Record number of Xmas Samaritan calls

SAMSON INN London Road; in local directories from 1850 to 1914; new building in 1891; closed 1917; so named after early engine that ran on the nearby Newcastle and Carlisle Railway; previously may have been called the Steam Engine, being a beerhouse so named at Halfway Houses in 1837
S.Davidson Carlisle Breweries and Public Houses 1894 - 1916 pp68-9
1861 census, Elizabeth Graham, inkeeper, aged 56, born Carlisle
Carlisle in Camera p50 Photo; named after old N&C Railway engine
Our City Our People p18 Details of Ted Blair, landlord, circa 1900
CN 08.03.1991 p4(illus) Samson toppled

SAMSON SHOE REPAIR SERVICE Warwick Road
CD 1952 Ad inside front cover i
Cumberland Directory 1954 Ad p94
CD 1955-56 Ad p94
CD 1961 -62 Ad p108

SANDERSON, William Corner of Scotch St and West Tower St
Carlisle the Archive Photographs, p56 1928 photo of grocer

THE SANDS So named the manor del Sandes in 1363; 1610; so called on the Survey of the Soccage lands of Carlisle, [original in Howard of Naworth Archive, Durham Univerity, ref C49/1. See Northern History Vol XX, 1984]; 1746 map marks cattle market on Sands; WH Nutter painting of 1864 shows cattle market on Sands; 1895 Sands more formally laid out for cattle sale
CAIH p27
CN 22.06.1940 p7 (illus) CN 05.06.1970 p14 CN 12.06.1970 p14
CP 15.07.1887 p4 c,d Sands litigation; Carlisle Corporation v Duke of Devonshire
CP 15.07.1887 p7 a-d Assize report on Carlisle Corporation v Duke of Devonshire
CP 22.07.1887 p1 Advert concerning Sands litigation
CP 22.07.1887 p5a The Sands litigation
CP 22.07.1887 p6a,b,c Town Council; Sands litigation
CJ 26.05.1893 p2 The Sands - new houses
City Minutes 1899-1900 p71 No permanent pens until Sands consolidated
City Minutes 1899-1900 p190 Auction Marts for sale of cattle be permitted
City Minutes 1901-1902 p383 sale ring recently constructed; leased
Carlisle People and Places pp52-3 2 photos of cattle market about 1910
CN 20.03.1964 p13 Fairground
CN 19.06.1970 p14 Illustration of in 1864
CN 26.06.1970 p4 Rolling Skating Rink
CN 15.12.1989 p4 Duke changed use of cattle market
CN 22.05.1992 p4 Duke put Town Hall on hold
CN 03.09.1993 p4 New road - 100 years ago
CN 15.04.1994 p11 Wrought iron - 100 years ago
CN 11.11.1994 p10 Since early 1880s; Sands Theatre history
CN 25.10.1996 p18 Theatre gets thumbs up from arts group

SANDS - LEISURE CENTRE Opened 02.03.1985; official opening by Neil Kinnock 12.04.1985
CN 10.06.1977 p32 CN 30.09.1977 p25 CN 25.01.1980 pp1,3
Images of Carlisle Cumberland News p26 Photos under construction and opening
CN 30.05.1980 p1
CN 01.07.1983 p40 Princess Anne unveils plaque
CN 01.03.1985 pp14,15 Opening
175 Years of Carlisle p114 Photo of Sands Centre
CN 08.03.1985 p26 Opening
CN 02.06.1989 p5 Concerts windfall for the Sands
CN 08.06.1990 p15 Plan to expand centre
CN 03.04.1992 p11 Bucking the trend
CN 16.10.1992 p1 All set for a send up with top comic Mike - new rock wall
Images of Carlisle Cumberland News p110 Photo of queue for Daniel O’Donnell
Images of Carlisle Cumberland News p111 Photos of Robbie Williams on stage
CN 25.02.1994 p1 Sands may fade out stars of Bolshoi
CN 07.07.1995 p3 Sands site for theatre
CN 15.09.1995 p1 Sands Centre enjoys double accolade
CN 12.07.1996 p3 Get your skates on for Phantom tickets
CN 01.11.1996 p3 Fishy business keeps the phantom skating on
CN 10.01.1997 p1 Stars are to shine at the Sands
CN 07.02.1997 p6 City theatre step closer
CN 23.05.1997 p1 Best ever panto
CN 07.11.1997 p5 Russian Ballet
CN 28.11.1997 p1 (illus) Meet Beauty and the blades
CN 02.01.1998 p3 Carlisle’s Sands has its best ever year
Cumbria Life no 65 August 1999 Supplement p14 2A 9
CN 08.09.2000 p1 Mel C to sing for 1700
CN 15.06.2001 p13 Letter complaining the Sands is poor audotorium for opera
CN 02.08.2002 p7 Decison to form non profiting making trust frees up cash
CN 16.05.2003 p5 Work begins on £1.15 improvement on Sands Centre
CN 27.05.2005 p3 Loss making classicla concerts axed after falling numbers
CN 03.06.2005 p13 Letters concerning the axing of Northern Sinfonia concerts
CN 04.11.2005 p12 Ken Dodds at the Sands

SANDSFIELD PARK ESTATE
CN 07.03.1975 p12
CN 02.01.1981p1 Proposed Greenall’s pub

SANDWICH CLUB Shaddongate
CN 15.06.2001 p14 (illus) Opened a month ago for sale of sandwiches

SANITARY ASSOCIATION
CN 06.04.1990 p4 City needed big clean up

SANITATION see SEWAGE

SANKEY D.I.Y. CENTRE
CN 09.10.1981 p16 (illus)

SANSOM, George English Street
Fish, game and poultry dealer
1882 Porters Directory Ad p116 Game dealer and ice merchant
CD 1893-94 Ad p76

SARACEN’S HEAD Irishgate Brow; called Saracen’s Head in local directories to 1914; closed 1917
CJ 25.03.1809 Houses to be auctioned at Saracen’s Head
1891 census; John Waddell, wine and spirit merchant, 47, born Liverpool
ENS 05.10.1916 Amalgamated with Black Bull; became Irishgate Tavern

SARK MP English St
Draper
CN 25.08.1961 p10 CN 09.04.1965 p1 CJ 10.12.1965 p21 (illus)
CN 26.04.1974 p6
CN 25.06.1965 p1 Closing

SATTERTHWAITE, John Lowther Street
Stock and share broker
CD 1902-03 Ad p288

SAUCERIES Name connected with William de la Saucere, 1306. It is tempting to associate him with Adam, called Salsarius from his office in the sawcery of the King’s household; Sawceries1610; so called on the Survey of the Soccage lands of Carlisle, [original in Howard of Naworth Archive, Durham Univerity, ref C49/1. See Northern History Vol XX, 1984]
CN 31.01.1925 p9 CN 12.04.1979 p4
CN 27.01.1917 p7 Proposed ploughing of sauceries
CN 26.02.1949 p5 Derivation of name
CN 26.03.1964 p10 Easter games
CN 04.04.1985 p4 Easter games
CN 17.10.2003 p6 Story of the Sauceries; D.Perriam

SAUL, J and B Near Coffee House
CJ 28.02.1818 p2e Ad tea/ coffee retailer

SAUL, Silas Solicitor,aged 48, home address 12 Castle St, born Carlisle [1851 census]; aged 58, home 12 Castle St, born Carlisle [1861 census]

SAUL AND LIGHTFOOT Solicitors
CN 18.11.1988 p7 Law firms join forces

SAUNDERS, James
M442 p4 Business card for Linen and woollen draper

SAVE THE CHILDREN SHOP
CN 04.10.2002 p3 Princess Anne visits Save the Children shop

SAWYER, H Green Market
Chemists
Carlisle in Camera 1 p4 photo of Greenmarket shop, Henry Sawyer, late 1870s
1891 census; Henry Sawyer, chemist, 39, bn Carlisle, home 35-7 Fisher Street
CD 1893-94 Ad p114
M.Edwards Our City Our People p47 Description of shop about 1900
Cumberland Directory 1954 Ad p231
CD 1955-56 Ad p233
CD 1961-62 Ad p263
D.Perriam Carlisle Remembered pp103-105 (portrait of Henry Sawyer)
CN 05.05.2000 p6 Riddle of family medals
CN 31.10.2003 p7 Ad Moved from Green Market to Fisher Street; owner G.Moore

SAWYER, James 23 Fisher Street
1851 Ward’s North of England Diretory; ad p 11 Dispensing chemist
1851 census, Chemist, druggist, empl. 2 apprentices, bn Super Kingmore, aged 34
1861 census, druggist, employing 3 apprentices, bn Super Kingmoor, aged 44

SAYERS, A Botchergate
Restaurant
CD 1893-94 Ad p150

SAYERS, Mrs Botchergate
1882 Porters Directory Ad p172 Dining rooms - 15 Botchergate
1882 Porters Directory Ad p172 Toys and fancy goods - 35 Botchergate

SCALEBY CLOSE Upperby
CN 15.07.1994 p4 Streets ahead
CN 14.07.1995 p1 (illus) Streets ahead

SCAMPS NIGHT CLUB Cecil Street; opened 14.12.1973
CN 14.12.1973 p6 (illus) Opening

SCARLET FEVER Major outbreak in 1855/56
1856 Scarletina epidemic; M.Smith Autobiography Vol 1 pp193-94
Council Minutes 18.08.1882 p46 - 53 Report on scarlet fever
Council Mintes 08.03.1889 p27 No scarlet fever in city; remarkable fact
Sanitary Condition of the City of Carlisle for 1925 p34-9 Stats 1898 - 1925
Medical Officer of Health Annual report 1969 p38 Incidences 1890 onwards

SCARROW, BAKER AND CO
1811 Jollie p 81 Bleaching grounds on south side of Harraby Bridge

SCARROW’S LANE English Street
CN 29.07.1960 p10

SCAWFELL ROAD
City Minutes 1905-06 Approval for laying out new estate
City Council Minutes 1930 -31 p73 Plans approved or 2 semi detached houses
City Council Minutes 1932-33 p 67 Approval for 6 houses; owner Mr Hoodless

SCENTED GARDEN FOR THE BLIND Tullie House; opened 29.06.1967
CN 20.06.1967 p22 (illus)

SCHOOL ARCHITECTURE
City of Carlisle Education Week 1958 p52-58 One hundred Years of School building

SCHOOL BOARD 1870 - 1902 when duties passed to local authorities See Ash Lea Street, Brook Street, Caldewgate, Robert Ferguson, Lowther Street
CP 07.01.1898 p4e,f p5 d School Board Election ‘School War’
CP 18.02.1898 p4f Higher grade school
CP 29.04.1898 p4d Proposed new schools
CP 10.06.1898 p4d,p6a,b Secondary education
City of Carlisle Education Week 1958 p47 - 50 1BC 370

SCHOOL BOUNDARIES
CN 01.09.1989 p13 Schools on the move

SCHOOL CLINIC
City Minutes 1913-14 p711 School Clinic established at George St; appointments

SCHOOL HEALTH SERVICE
Education Week 19th - 24 May 1958 pp59-61 1BC 370

SCHOOL MEALS
CN 27.04.2007 p36 Article by Denis Perriam on history of school meals in city

SCHOOL MEDICAL OFFICER First appointed November 1908 and the School Medical Service under the Act of 1907 was started

SCHOOL OF ART see also ART SCHOOL; COLLEGE OF ART

SCHOOL OF DRESSCUTTING AND MAKING Lowther Arcade
Dressmaking teaching
CD 1920 Ad p44

SCHOOL OF INDUSTRY Botchergate; built 1806; it was supported by voluntary contribution and the object of it was to bring up children in the habit of industry. The school had to consist of 45 girls, inhabitants of Carlisle and Stanwix, aged 9 - 14. Its management was entrusted to a committee of seven ladies with a Treasurer, chosen from the subscribers
1821 Wood’s City map marks the School
CP 26.05.1821 p3b meeting of subscribers in new school room
1829 Parson and White pb 145 45 poor girls, admitted at 9 years
1834 Pigot’s Diretcory; Ann Fairlie, mistress
1847 Directory, Ann Farlie

SCHOOL OF SCIENCE AND ART see ART SCHOOL

SCHOOL OF SHORTHAND AND TYPEWRITING Cavendish Place
CD 1902-03 Ad p287

SCHOOLS
See also education; individual schools; sixth form; school architecture
See Education Week Brochure 1958 1 BC 370 ; lits of schools and heads
Farish, W. Handloom Weaver pp10,11,17-8 Schooldays in 1820s for a poor child
1829 Parson and White p 145 List of day schools and nos of scholars
1852 Starting a school; Mary Smith Autobiography Vol 1 pp189 - 192
CP 16.12.1870 List of all schools in city; nos. on role, actual attendance etc
Our City Our People, M.Edwards, pp8-9 Description of St John’s school in 1890s
Our City Our People, M.Edwards, pp10,14 Description of Christ Church Sc in 1890s
City Minutes 1928-9 pp588-612 Proposed new central and technical schools
City Minutes 1928-9 p618 65 acre site at Swifts availablke for £15,000 for schools
CJ 02.04.1937 p8
CJ 11.05.1937 p2 City’s new schools
CJ 14.05.1937 p4 City’s new schools
CJ 28.05.1937 p8 City school children
CJ 01.10.1937 p9 Education controversy
CJ 29.10.1937 p1 Grammar school crisis coming
CJ 26.11.1937 p3 No plans for local architects
CJ 03.12.1937 p7 Carlisle new Tech school
CJ 17.12.1937 p3 New school plans
CJ 24.12.1937 p7 New head teachers
CJ 22.02.1938 p4 Tablet unveiled
CJ 29.03.1938 p5 50% grant for Roman Catholic School
CJ 24.06.1938 p5 Annual report on city schools
CJ 04.11.1938 p13 Overcrowding in city schools
CJ 02.12.1938 p13 Schools programme to be accelerated
CJ 27.01.1939 p4 Fewer children at city schools
CJ 27.01.1939 p5 Plans of Currock School wanted in one month
Cumbria March1978 pp673-675 Schooldays in old Carlisle
Cumbria April 1978 pp22-24 Schooldays at Carlisle
CN 25.05.1990 p4 City’s private schools
CN 05.10.1990 p44 Schools merger move
CN 23.11.1990 p3 Threat school wins accolade
CN 18.01.1991 p9 Sharehead bid for city schools (Harraby)
CN 22.02.1991 p1 Schools merge (Morton)
CN 05.04.1991 p3 Action call over schools
CN 12.04.1991 p3 Schools teaching praised (York)
CN 12.04.1991 p5 Parents win school fight (Morton)
CN 28.06.1991 p13 Councillors agree new site
CN 14.02.1992 p5 Schools shake up in pipeline
CN 20.03.1992 p3 Parents cash bid in school crisis (Pennine Way)
CN 20.03.1992 p7 Education shake up rejected
CN 20.03.1992 p25 New school for city
CN 03.04.1992 p18 Top marks for one of Cumbria’s top schools (St Aidans)
CN 16.04.1992 p7 City schools shake up in balance
CN 15.05.1992 p1 Cash or quit schools threat
CN 02.04.1993 p13 Learning from merger of schools (Morton)
CN 02.04.1993 p27 College and school in unique link up
CN 11.02.1994 p3 Heads public intergration warning (York School)
CN 08.09.1995 p1 School spy camera fights vandals (Petteril Bank)
CN 17.01.1997 p9 Retirement row dilema for examination class
CN 27.06.1997 p1 Parents defend city infants school after damning report
CN 04.07.1997 p10 An inspector calls
CN 25.07.1997 p1 Failed school pledges discipline crackdown
CN 25.07.1997 p3 Petteril Bank School; what the inspector said
CN 17.10.1997 p1 Toddler,3, roams city streets for 20 minutes
CN 09.07.1999 p4 Creighton School
CN 17.09.1999 p1 Dad keeps sons from school
CN 11.02.2000 p12 Carlisle College on move for more than 100 years
CN 31.03.2000 p3 Bad and good news (Morton and Saint Aidans)
CN 08.12.2000 p7 Primary school leagure tables
CN 06.07.2001 p12 Will our specialist schools cream off the best kids? Feature
CN 21.03.2003 p1Schoolkids in anti Iraq war protest
CN 05.12.2003 p12 League tables for junior schools; added value tables
CN 09.01.2004 p1 Morton and Harraby may have to close because of falling births
CN 16.01.2004 p13 Letters concerning closure of two schools
CN 26.11.2004 p1 New ideas for community secondary schools
CN 03.12.2004 p21 Primary school league tables
CN 27.05.2005 p1 Official; one secondary school will have to close
CN 02.12.2005 p17 Primary school league tables
CN 10.02.2006 p12 Feature on secondary schools in city and their future
CN 10.03.2006 p1 Options for secondary education in city
CN 16.06.2006 pp1, 6 Options for secondary education
CN 01.12.2006 p12 Feature on secondary schools in city
CN 08.12.2006 p16 Primary school league tables
CN 07.12.2007 p 18 Primary school league tables

SCHOOLS TRANSPORT
CN 27.09.1996 p9 Bus ban leaves kids stranded

SCIENTIFIC AND FIELD NATURALISTS SOCIETY; CARLISLE Started in 1877

SCISSORS AND KNIFE GRINDER MACHINE
CN 05.04.1957 p10 (illus)

SCOPE CHARITY SHOP Bank Street
CN 05.01.2001 p14 One of their best performing stores in country

SCOTBY CYCLES
CN 29.09.1989 p8 On the road to cycle success
CN 11.12.1992 p20 Just the machine for easy riders

SCOTCH ARMS HOTEL Rickergate; in local directories from 1834 to 1914
S.Davidson Carlisle Breweries and Public Houses 1894 - 1916 p115
CPacquet 15.07.1783 Ad To be sold Scotch Arms, Rickergate, ‘newly built’
CJ 29.06.1839 p1c To be sold
CJ 21.03.1846 Scotch Arms Inn for sale
1861 census William Blamire, aged 56, innkeeper, born Dalston
CD 1880 Ad pxxxiv
1891 census; D.McCauley, innkeeper, aged 6, born Ireland
CJ 24.05.1895 Long in the hands of Denis McCauley; now Stanley Hill
1901 census; Joseph Hind, hotel manager, aged aged 33, born Carlisle
ENS 02.11.1916 Closed October 1916

SCOTCH GATE see RICKERGATE

SCOTCH NATIONAL CHURCH see CHURCH OF SCOTLAND

SCOTCH STREET In the Middle Ages Scotch St was a part of Rickergate, which extended from the Market Place in the town centre to the bridge across the river Eden [McCarthy,M; Roman and Medieval Carlisle, Southern Lanes p65]; so named on G.Smith’s 1746 Plan of the City; number 17 Scotch St circa 1800 [CN 12.11.2004 p 6 history] numbers 36, 38 and 40 late 18th century with later alterations; nos 42 - 44 dated to 1889 [CWAAS 3rd series vol 4 p280]; number 60, Blue Bell Inn, late 18th century with Flemish bond brickwork, building completely gutted in 1976 leaving only the front wall; number 70 late 18th century with later alterations, house really a continuation of St Albans Row but its gable end projects into Scotch St
CPacquet 14.03.1780 p3 Ad new bult house in Scotch Street for sale
1829 Building [today the post office] on corner of Scotch Street and West Tower St built [CN 29.06.2007p36]
The Builder 03.08.1889 design for Tower Buildings (42-46)
Carlisle in old picture postcards view 30 west side near market entrance
Images of Carlisle Cumberland News p17 Photo of street in 1966
CN 05.03.1971 p9 (illus) Bus station to close
CN 19.03.1971 p28 Bus station; city council to purchase
CN 27.02.1976 p6 (illus of Brennan’s shop) History
ENS 15.03.1978 p1 (illus) Here today, gone tomorrow; Adams fruitiers collapsed
ENS 21.03.1978 p6 (illus) City centre drop out
CN 12.06.1981 p14 restoration of number 17; Harker and Bell
CN 19.04.2002 p5 Oakgate plc plan to build new shopping block on street
CN 07.02.2003 p18 Demolition of nos 42-48 to make way for Sports Soccer store

SCOTIA PHARMACEUTICALS
CN 07.02.1997 p12 Cancer breakthrough
CN 14.03.1997 p12 Share price plunges
CN 28.03.1997 pp5,12 Firms £19m loss
CN 16.01.1998 p12 Hungry for success
CN 24.07.1998 p2 High tech jobs lost as company pulls out of city
CN 29.09.2000 p14 Scotia shares in freefall
CN 06.07.2001 p14 European U turn may secure future for cancer drug

SCOTLAND ROAD Numbers 38-48 [even] 6 houses in terrace on east side built late 1830s; nos 43-51 [odd], terrace of 5 houses on west side, built late 1860s or early 1870s
175 Years of Carlisle p52 Photo of top of Scotland Rd about 1910
CJ 03.04.1931 Demolition of Stanwix Island on Scotland Road
CJ 10.04.1931 Photo of demolition of Stanwix Island
CN 26.11.1949 p5 Illustration of cottages at junction with Brampton Road
CN 04.01.1957 p8 (illus) About 1930
CN 29.10.1965 p12 (illus) About 1915
CN 21.01.2005 p5 Nitrogen Oxide exceeds limits on polluted Scotland Rd

SCOTS GUARDS ASSOCIATION
CJ 09.06.1950 p1 Formed
CN 20.06.1997 p5 Seeks recruits in city centre
CN 14.08.1998 p6 Comrades in arms

SCOTS GUARDS BAND
CN 23.09.1950 p6 City visit

SCOTT, B [enjamin] and Son Devonshire Street
Art photographer
Carte de visite noted “Benjamin Scott Artist Photographer’, Devonshire Street
1869 Slater’s Directory Benjamin Scott, photographer, Devonshire St
CP 23.09.1870 Ad; Purchased business of John Kidd
1876-77 Slater’s Directory B.Scott and Son, photographer, 20 Devonshire St, home 37 Cecil street
1880 Carlisle Directory B Scott and Son photographic and fine art studio, and pianoforte and music depot, 18 and 20 Devonshire St
1884 Directory Scott B and Son, 20 Devonshire St
CD 1893-94 Ad p232 20 Devonshire St established 1855
Whitehaven News Annual 1910; ad p357 established 1855

SCOTT, Benjamin On 02.07.1799 Benjamin Scott advertised the opening of his printing, bookselling and stationary business in the Market Place; Benjamin Scott was succeeded in the business by his nephew Hudson Scott; B.Scott was the printer of the Carlisle Chronicle, established 1807, and of the first number of the Carlisle Patriot which he continued to print until 28.04.1832 [CWAAS OS Vol 41 p20]; A collection of Psalms and Hymns, Carlisle, printed by B.Scott in the Market Place, 1802 [J311]; Scaleby Castle; a poem, Carlisle printed by B.Scott in the Market Place, 1810

SCOTT, Benjamin and Sons Bank Street
Pianoforte showrooms
CD 1893-94 Ad page pink inside cover
CD 1937 Ad p312

SCOTT, Harold Corporation Rd
CN 08.04.2005 p3 Hoover repair shop shuts after great flood in January

SCOTT, James Castle Street
Ladies outfitter
CD 1902-03 Ad p8
CD 1905-06 Ad p2
CD 1907-08 Ad p62

SCOTT, John and DRAPE, David Rickergate
CP 26.05.1855 p1 Ad; Gone into partnership; carving, gilding, glass staining

SCOTT, John and Son Rickergate; John Scott, carver and gilder, Rickergate Jollie 1811; 1851 census has a John Scott, aged 70, carver and guilder employing 5 men, living in Rickergate, born Wigton; his son also John Scott, same address, is given as a glass painter, born Carlisle
Stained glass
Diocesan Calendar 1868 Half page advert (Late Scott and Drape) M5
CJ 22.04.1864 p5b Two stained glass windows; one for Bombay,one Dundee
CJ 01.05.1868 p4g Memorial window to Sir James Graham
CJ 03.07.1868 p4f Stained glass in St James designed by Scott
CJ 21.08.1868 p5a Scott stained glass for Bigerilla in India

SCOTT, John T and Son Leather goods
CJ 07.01.1938 p10 CJ 28.12.1963 p3 CN 13.09.1974 p1
CN 04.05.1973 p7 (illus) Fire
CN 06.07.1973 p1 After fire
Images of Carlisle Cumberland News p159 photo of fire
CN 28.09.1973 p1 Plan for new factory

SCOTT, Jospeh Joiner and cabinetmaker, died 04.01.1831; [Monumental Inscription St Mary’s, Cathedral; no 456]

SCOTT, Joseph English Street
1861 Morris and Harrison directory ad p4 Saddler and harness maker
CP 08.01.1867 p1 Ad; saddlers in business for 15 years, late of Kings Arms Lane

SCOTT, Norman Dalton’s Yard, Botchergate
Plumbers
CD 1952 Ad p356

SCOTT, T Bridge Street
Blacksmith and electric welder
CD 1952 Ad p88

SCOTT, Tom Bridge Street
Carlisle in Camera 2 p29 View of entrance to black and whitesmith

SCOTT, W.J. West Tower Street
Draper
CD 1893-94 Ad p204

SCOTT AND BENSON see HUDSON SCOTT [John Benson was taken into partnership in 1842; J.Benson was born 1804 in Rickergate and died in Bootle Liverpool in 1870 - see I H BEN]

SCOTT, DUFF AND CO Solicitors
CN 13.04.2007 p20 Celebrates 30 years; launched in Penrith April 1977

SCOTT, FOSTER AND GIBSON Bank Street
Tailors
Carlisle Diocesan Directory 1871; Ad purchased stock in trade of W.Cape

SCOTTISH AMICABLE
Insurance
CD 1893-94 Ad p34

SCOTTISH GENERAL TRANSPORT
City Minutes 1929 - 30 p 663 Licensed bus services

SCOTTISH MOTOR TRACTION see SMT

SCOTTISH REVERSIONARY CO LTD see J.JACKSON SAINT, their agents

SCOTT, LAMB AND CO
1811 Jollie’s Directory p13 Men from Newcastle established company
Bulmers 1884 Directory p53 Started calico printing in Carlisle in 1761

SCOTTS COMMERCIALS Kingstown
CN 26.08.1988 p9 ad

SCOTT’S COURT, Rickergate
City Minutes 1928-9 p361 nos 2 an3 unfit for human habitation
City Minutes 1930-31 p628 6,7,8,10,11 declared unfit for human habitation

SCOTT STREET, Caldewgate
City Minutes 1932-33 p 579 12,14,16, 18 unfit fo human habitation

SCOUT HEADQUARTERS see GUIDE AND SCOUT HEADQUARTERS

SCOUTS
Strong lad wanted for strong lass; pp57 H.Davies memories of being scout 1950s
ENS 22.01.1967 p13 New Headquarters - Harraby
Images of Carlisle Cumberland News p118 Photo of 1972 St George’s Day parade
CN 28.08.1987 p4 Meeting that launched scouting in Carlisle
CN 03.11.1989 p4 City scouts began under a street lamp
CN 03.11.1989 City heard of scouting at first hand
CN 11.03.1994 p5 Scouts promise a £100,000 campsite
CN 23.02.1996 p5 Pushing pedals coast to coast
CN 11.04.1997 p1 Hall burnt out (Burgh Road)

SCUGGER HOUSE; Upperby 1901 census; Thomas Gill, 39, farmer, bn St Cuthbert’s Without

SEA CADETS Opened 12.11.1943 (information from national HQ)
CN 15.10.1993 p4 (illus) 50 years of youngsters
CN 15.10.1993 p4 50 years ago

SEAGULLS
CN 13.04.2007 p8 Problems with seagulls scavenging

SEALS
CWAAS OS Vol 6 Opposite p1 Seal of the City of Carlisle; illustration
CN 03.07.1948 p5 Robert Lowther’s 1661
CN 10.07.1948 p3 (illus) Robert Lowther’s 1661

SEATOLLER CLOSE Morton; on electoral register from 1971
CN 16.09.2005 p5 Plans to knock down four-in-block one bedroom flats
CN 23.09.2005 p13 Letter 12 years of misery caused by unsocial behaviour

SEATON, T Castle Street
Tailor
CD 1884-85 Ad p262

SEBERGHAM TERRACE Adjacent to [now part of] Sybil Street on the 1891 abd 1901 census; so census; on the voters lists from 1894 - 1963

SECONDARY AMATEUR SWIMMING CLUB
CJ 30.04.1948 p2 records broken

SEDAN CHAIRS
CN 21.01.2005 p6 Local references to Sedan chairs

SELBY, M Green Market
ladies outfitter
CD 1880 pxliv Ad, late Black

SEMPLE AND FERGUSON
Electrical store
CN 20.11.1992 pp16-17
CN 22.11.1996 p1 It’s the pits as Damon’s Renault picks up a ticket

SEMPLE ROAD Harraby First appears in the Carlisle Directory for 1940. Allan Semple was Carilisle Medical Officer

SENATOR HOMES
CN 17.05.2002 p20 Alfred McAlpine homes; management buyout and relaunch
CN 16.12.2005 p14 Bought by Persimmon plc

SEND THE LIGHT Christian Book suppliers; came to city 1989
CN 04.12.1992 p20 Book firm expands into shops
CN 27.08.1999 p15 10 years in Carlisle
CN 17.11.2000 p14 Distributors busiest month
CN 18.05.2001 p19 Bought the UK division of American supplier
CN 19.07.2002 p16 £2m expansion will create 40 jobs; employs 260 now
CN 29.11.2002 p16 Send the Light buys Alliance Music for nominal sum
CN 07.03.2003 p16 Send the Light may take over Family Books of Belfast
CN 06.06.2003 p16 New finance director
CN 18.07.2003 p14 Acquires OM Literature in USA
CN 14.05.2004 p17 Holds 10th Annual Conference for Christian retail trade
CN 24.12.2004 p14 Largest distrubutor of Christian products in Europe
CN 14.01.2005 p 25 Steve Gibbs new Managing Director
CN 29.07.2005 p19 Acquires American wholesaler
CN 11.08.2006 p7 Starts 1st phase of new warehouse
CN 26.01.2007 p22 To merge with International Bible Society

SETTS see STREET CONSTRUCTION

SEVEN ACRES
1610; so called on the Survey of the Soccage lands of Carlisle, [original in Howard of Naworth Archive, Durham Univerity, ref C49/1. See Northern History Vol XX, 1984]

SEVEN STARS INN Irishgate Brow; in local directory for 1844
CJ 29.01.1858 To be let beer house; sign of seven stars

SEVEN WELLS BANK Denton Holme
see WELL BANK
CJ 08.09.1865 p5
CP 09.09.1865 p5c Cornerstone of St James laid;one well now marked by stone

SEWAGE AND SANITATION July 1854 work commenced on laying out sewers in city ; before this date night soil etc deposited in open culverts and ditches that traversed the city; scheme completed October 1855 , all sewage being discharged into River Eden at Willowolme without any form of treatment; 1893 screening chamber to remove larger solids constructed on main outfall sewer in Willow Holme; 1899 experimental bacterial beds constructed; new pumping station etc put into commission 28.07.1908; 1949 approval to enlarge and modernise works
CAIH p68
Memorials of Old Carlisle pp64-65
Local Government Brochure 1158 - 1958 p22-23 1BC 352
1851 Report General Board of Health....Carlisle; p105 G.Stepehnson 1843 report
1851 Report of the General Board of Health....Carlisle; R.Rawlinson 1BC 625
CP 27.05.1854 p5 Open ditch or sewer running through Union St; foul condition
CJ 01.11.1864 p2 Utilisation
CJ 11.11.1864 p6 Utilisation
CJ 15.11.1864 p6 Utilisation
CJ 27.10.1865 p6 In 1865 and history
Lancet 16.03.1867 Lister article refers to use of carbolic acid as antiseptic
City Minutes 04.12.1879 Report; succesful carbolic treatment of sewage ended
City Minutes 17.05.1889, item 214 p 148 116 privies in city
CP 28.01.1898 p5c New treatment for sewage
City Minutes 1900-01 p 134 Within last 2 years Bacteria Beds installed
City Minutes 1900-01 p142-43 Summary of sanitation measures since 1883
City Minutes 1907-08 pp141-42 Important sanitary measures since 1883
Sanitary Conditions for City of Carlisle 1919 p84 Sewerage situation in suburbs
CN 10.11.1928 p11 Sanitation in city
ENS 12.05.1962 p3 Tunnel under the River Eden
Civic Affairs October 1964 Another milestone in sanitation; history
CN 06.04.1990 p1 In pipeline
CN 15.08.1997 p5 £3m facelift for sewers in city
CN 20.08.1999 p4 (illus) Sorry for Willowholme whiff
CN 17.09.1999 p11 £1.5m improvements - Willowholme

SEWELL, George West Tower Street
Hire service for marquees, tents, tables
CD 1934 Ad p80
CD 1937 Ad p64

SEWELL, Richard Scotch Street
Saddler and harness
Leading Trader of the City pp50-51 Ad A616
CD 1910-11 Ad p130
CD 1913-14 Ad p13

SEWELL, Robert Warwick Road
Newsagents and tobacconists
CD 1952 Ad p375
CD 1955-56 Ad p93
CD 1961-62 Ad p15
CD 1966-68 Ad pp38, 287
CN 25.07.2003 p65 For sale as going business; established circa 1938

SEWELL, T Scotch Street
Saddler, trunk and harness maker
CD 1880 Ad pvii

SEWELL, Thomas Saddler, aged 31, aged 4 men and 3 apprentices, home address Scotch St, born Appleby [1851 census]
1861 Morris and Harrison directory ad p6 30 Scotch St

SEWELL, William 59 Castle Street
1851 Ward’s Northern Directory Ads p6; musical instruments and cutlery

SEWELL, William Mastercutter, employing 1 man, home address Baileys Ct, Castle Street, born Carlisle [1851 census]

SEWELL CLOSE
1610; so called on the Survey of the Soccage lands of Carlisle, [original in Howard of Naworth Archive, Durham Univerity, ref C49/1. See Northern History Vol XX, 1984]

SEWELL ROAD So named after Mr and Mrs H.W.Sewell, Mayor and Mayoress in 1923/24 and both members of the city council

SEWELL’S LANE Between Scotch Street and Lowther St
Old Carlisle; Second photographic recollection; J.Templeton p69 street party
CP 20.01.1871 p1d For sale property known as Sewell’s Lane; rent £226 15s 4d
1901 census; 48 people living in this lane

SEWERAGE see SEWAGE

SEX DISCRIMINATION
CN 26.07.2002 p5 Claim for constructiove dismissal when pregnant against vets
CN 01.11.2002 p16 Carlisle woman wins £6,000 compensation after case won

SEX SHOPS
CN 30.09.1988 pp12,15 Editorial
CN 21.04.1989 p1 Fight to shut two city sex shops
CN 28.04.1989 p3 Let sex shops stay open say residents
CN 30.06.1989 p5 Sex shops licensed
CN 21.07.1995 p3 Sex shops objections

SEYMOUR PLANT (NORTHERN)
CD 1966-68 Ad p292

SHADDONGATE So named Schadwyngat in 1424
Topping, G and Potter, J Memorials of old Carlisle p27 Derivation of name
City Minutes 1932-33 pp252-255 Shaddongate Clearance Order; unfit for habitation
ENS 27.03.1962 p1 Taylor’s Yard - hawkers told to quit
Images of Carlisle Cumberland News p38 Photo Mabel Mackenzie’s shop, 1959
Images of Carlisle Cumberland News p29 View out of town in 1966
Images of Carlisle Cumberland News p30 View after demolition work in 1968
CN 20.04.1990 p4 Police were targets of rioting city mob
CN 07.12.2007 p35 D.Perriam Lawless and squalid place in the first half of the 19th century

SHADDONGATE ADULT SCHOOL AND READING ROOM Founded 1857 (Whellan 1860 p131)

SHADDONGATE MILL Cotton factory built 1835 - 36 for Peter Dixon; Cotton spinners ; the firm of Peter Dixon and Sons was founded by Peter Dixon the elder. He was born on 23rd October 1753 in Whitehaven. In 1807 Peter moved to the Langthwaite Mill, Warwick Bridge, which had been built by three of his wife’s brothers in 1791. In 1809 Peter’s sons Peter and John joined their father in the Langthwaite Mill and the business became known as Peter Dixon and Sons. By the 1830s the Langthwaite Mill was inadequate for the increasing volume of work the company was doing. The business was already using warehouses in Fisher Street and West Tower Street in Carlisle so it seemed logical to build a new mill on the west of the city. in 1834 Shaddongate was selected. It was near the Canal Basin for cotton to come by ship from Liverpool and for finished cloth to be exported and close to the Newcastle and Carlisle Railway for coal supplies. Richard Tattersall, a Manchester architect, was contracted to design and superintend the construction of a mill ‘to rival all the glories of Manchester and other places’. In February 1835 the foundation stone of the new mill was laid and on September 11th the foundation stone for the chimney was laid and the first brick was laid on 17th September by Richard Wright. Built in red sandstone the mill remains largely intact. The seven storey stone building [including the power transmission house] was 224ft 6 inches long with 22 bays by 56 feet 6 inches, three aisles, wide. The floors were heated by steam and well ventilated and each floor had a toilet and wash basin for the work force [CJ 03.12.1836]. The most significant structural feature of the mill was its fireproof construction. This comprised a cast-iron frame of two rows of 21 cast -iron columns clamps at the upper end by 66 longtitudinal beams and 42 transverse wrought iron ties. A shallow firebrick vault spanned each aisles.Documentary evidence indicates that the Manchester engineer William Fairbairn was involved in the design of the cast-iron structure at the heart of the Shaddon Mill. The mill is the earliest surviving example of a fireproof mill built using Hodgkinson cast-iron beam design promoted by 19th century Manchester engineer William Fairbairn.The three pitched roofs were supported by 60 wooden king post trusses built from Baltic pine. On the seventh floor upon the tie beams to bays 7,8,9,and 15 were markingsthat may well be associated with the Baltic timber ttrade of the late 18th and early 19th century.The floor tiles were stamped R.Ashton and Co, Buckley. At the western end of the mill was the seven storey, four bay, power transmission house. At the west end of this was the four storey engine house. The engine house contained two 80hp condensing beam engines built by Rothwell and Co of Bolton. At the west end of the engine house was the two storey boiler house. The boiler house contained four 8 ton boilers also supplied by Rothwell [CJ 03.12.1836] and were towed here on a barge from Liverpool to Port Carlisle and were installed during April and May [CJ 28.05.1836]. The tapered chimney at 305 feet high was believed to be the tallest structure in the world at the time. Mr Burgess of Water Street Foundry constructed a gas works to supply gas to the mill ‘which was nearly as large as the present Carlisle gas works’ [CJ 09.07.1836]. No exact figures survive for the cost of the whole complex but the City Council estimated in 1836 that it could be no less than 150,000 pounds [CJ 14.05.1836] . In 1847 it was estimated that the firm employed around 8,000 hands, although only around 700 were working at the Shaddongate Mill, many being handloom weavers. By the early 1860s the firm reached its peak. The American Civil War cut off cotton supplies. ‘The Carlisle cotton mills had been very reliant on the American market, since the plantation owners regularly place large orders for ginghams to clothe their slaves and to save expense seldom required the pattern to be changed from one order to the next. The emanicpated Negro naturally demanded a choice and it has been suggested that the golden age of cotton spinning in Carlisle ended when the Carlisle manufacturers failed to adept to the new world’. In 1871 the firm announced that it would stop using hand-loom weavers. About 600 new power looms were installed at Shaddon Mill and a further 229 at Peter Street. However the Carlisle Journal of 12.07.1872 reported that the firm was convening a meeting with a view to going into liquidation. The Carlisle Journal of 02.08.1872 announced there was a deficiency of 66,547pounds 6s 1d. The Carlisle Journal of 03.12.1872 reported that a joint stock company under the title of Peter Dixon and Sons Ltd was being formed. In February 1883 this firm had also passed into liquidation. Taken over by Robert Todd and Son in 1882
See Dixon, Peter and Sons; Dixons Chimney; Todd,Robert and Sons
CN 19.12.2003 p1 58 Luxury flats in mill; plans submitted by Story Homes
CN 26.03.2004 p3 plans backed to convert into 58 apartments
CN 04.03.2005 8 Apartments ready for viewing in 4 weeks
CN 29.04.2005 Story Homes Supp. p8-9

SHADDONGATE SCHOOL see DIXON’S SCHOOL

SHADDONGATE STREET
CJ 14.07.1944 p5 Widening

SHADDONGATE UNITED Football club
CN 07.10.1977 p20 (illus) History to 1904

SHADDONMILLS GALLERY
CN 12.03.1999 p25 Funding crisis

SHADWELL LODGE London Road
CJ 08.05.1847 p2a To be let
1851 Census Robert Ferguson aged 33, cotton manufacturer employing 200 hands
CP 29.07.1854 p1 To let
1858 Directory Mr Charles Burton
1861 Morris, Harrison and Co p8 Charles Jas Burton Esq
1861 census Charles J.Burton, Chancellor of Carlisle, aged 69
1891 census; Eliza Burton, aged 69,
Our City Our People p17 Cowan Sheldon’s area; flight of stairs to front door

SHADY GROVE LANE So named on the Ordnance Survey sheet of 1865; Joseph Holliday died Shady Grove, Newtown 09.10.1904 [Monumental Inscription 20/34]

SHADY GROVE ROAD On Carlisle electoral register from 1928
City Minutes 1929-30 p590 carriageway is completed
Carlisle The Archive Photos p104 Photo in 1937

SHAKESPEARE, William Shakespeare may have visited the city. A letter from Lord Scrope of 20.09.1589’ says the Queen’s players had gone ‘to Carlisle where they are and have stayed for the space of ten days’; was Shakespesre amongst their number? Shakespeare’s whereabouts during this period is unclear[CN 07.04.2006 p10]

SHAKESPEARE TAVERN St Cuthbert’s Lane; in local directories from 1844 to 1914
1891 census; Thomas Walsh, aged 48, innkeeper, born Carlisle
S.Davidson Carlisle Breweries and Public Houses 1896 - 1916 p100
Carlisle; Archival photographs p17 photo, James Allison tenant
City Minutes 1922-23 p159 Licenced withdrawn 08.01.1922
CN 15.03.1991 p4 (illus) Pubs of yesteryear

SHAKESPEARE TAVERN Spring gardens Lane; Bowling Green and tea garden attached to the Shakespeare Inn [Jollie 1811 p 82] ; in local directories to 1834; forerunner of the Bowling Green Inn;

SHAMBLES The 1560s map of the city shows the butchers Shambles to the east of the cross; The Old Shambles in the Market Place were purchased and demolished by the Coropration in 1790; they were formed of wood and covered with different knids of slate giving them a grotesque and antique appearance [Parson and White 1829 p149]; the new butcher’s Shambles was built between Scotch St and Fisher St
See also MARKET - COVERED

SHAMBLES Formerly Gretna Tavern; became The Post and afterwards Finnegans Wake
CN 21.05.1976 p8 (illus)
CN 19.07.1985 p3 Pub staff walk out

SHAND, Stewart Gordon
City Minutes 1926-7 p633 Licensed to operate bus service to Gretna and Penrith

SHANE, T.W. Bridge Street
Plumbers
CD 1952 Ad p88

SHANKLY ROAD On electoral register from 1998-9, Bill Shankly was a former manager of Carlisle United

SHANNON, Ellwood
M442 pp 4, 49 Business card for wholesale tea dealer

SHANNON, John 51 Castle St
M442 pp1, 14, 37, 38 Business card for chemist and druggist

SHAPERS
CN 22.06.1990 p6 Gain without pain
CN 10.11.1995 p13 Ad
CN 03.03.2000 p19 Ad

SHARPS BEDROOMS Kingstown
CN 08.11.1996 p19 Ad

SHAW, Anthony 31 Fisher St; Grocer, bakers and Register Office for Servants
1851 Ward’s North of England Directory; ad p9 grocery, success to Mrs Langhorn

SHAW GUNN Spencer Street
Security business
CN 16.08.1996 Supplement

SHEEHAN CRESCENT So named after council member Dr Gerald Sheehan

SHEEPMOUNT
G.Smith’s 1746 map of Carlisle shows that this area was called Willy Holm and access to it was only possible through Irishgate, over the Caldew, Little Caldew then right onto what is known today as the ‘Sheepmount’ ;The Royal Agricultural Show was held in Carlisle in 1880. The Show spread across Bitts Park and two bridges were built to allow it to overspill onto the Sheepmount. These were temporary bridges, one of which was later rebuilt and strengthened in a different location, this being the bridge we can see today. The new bridge allowed the Corporation to tip rubbish here from the 1890s. The Carlisle Journal in 1915 reported that 'Ashes and other refuse from the houses in Carlisle have for several years past been put to good use in building an embankment around the Eden' Rare Victorian and Edwardian bottles still turn up in the river embankment.This area was originally known as Willowholme, the name Sheepmount being probably a 19th century appellation, no doubt referring to sheep being grazed here. Anciently this area was owned by the Duke of Devonshire as part of the socage lands of Carlisle. In 1899 the local newspaper reported that there were 'sprinters' who used the Sheepmount footpaths along the railwayside and they were even to be seen running half naked, which was very objectionable where ladies were supposed to go. Dogs were trained to take rabbits and on Sunday afternoons there was a great deal of gambling along the railwayside, pitch and toss
CP 12.11.1864 p5 Fall of bridge called ‘Cut’ Bridge in Willow Holme near old bone mill
CJ 17.09.1880p6 Temporayr bridge over Caldew to Sheepmount taken down
CJ 16.11.1888 p4 Bridge to Sheepmount proposed
CJ 15.03.1889 p4 Talk of bridge over Caldew
CJ 13.04.1894 p5 Tests on Sheepmount Bridge
CJ 16.06.1899 p6 ‘Sprinters’ use Sheepmount running half naked, very objectionable
City Minutes 1921-22 p 239Lease to War Office of part for rifle range
City Minutes 1921-22 p 475 Proposal to set out 4 acres for military recreation area
CJ 09.12.1938 p1 Appoval for utilisation of Sheepmount for playing purposes
CJ 13.06.1953 Mr Butlin increases his grant to £3,900 for Sheepmount Pavillion
CN 26.04.2002 p6 Ashes and other refuse built into back against River Eden; 1915
CN 25.10.2002 p13 Letter Poor state of Sheepmount; car park a disgrace
CN 23.01.2004 p24 £2.6m redevelopment begins in March
CN 29.09.2006 p17 Prince Edward to unveil plaque today

SHEEPMOUNT RUNNING TRACK 12.08.1961 officially opened; refurbished track opened by Allan Wells, Olympic 100m gold medal winnner at the Moscow Games, 04.05.1987
Civic Affairs October 1961 p1 New Sheepmount track declared open 2BC 352
CN 24.04.1987 p19 Opening
CN 08.05.1987 p7 (illus) Opening
CN 05.01.2001 p21 £1.5 m stadium moves step closer at rundown Sheepmount
CN 01.08.2003 p1 Work on £2.6m redevelopment will begin in March
CN 18.06.2004 p7 Sheepmount revamp to begin next week
CN 19.08.2005 p3 Part of £3.6m development will be opened tomorrow

SHEFFIELD, Mr
M442 p8 Business card for Mr Sheffield, dentist

SHEFFIELD, Thomas dentist
CN 17.06.1950 p4
CN 26.10.1990 p4 Now the drill’s not the same

SHEFFIELD CUTLERY HOUSE Castle Street
CD 1955-56 Ad p236
CD 1961-62 Ad p267
CD 1966-68 Ad p261

SHEFFIELD STREET Named on 1871 but not 1861 census;Thomas Sheffied owned land in this area [CWAAS ns Vol 67 p215]
CP 05.12.1873 p1c Ad; one house for sale; erected within last 18 months
ENS 22.02.1978 p5 (illus) Dead end street

SHIELDS COURT, South John Street
City Minutes 1932-33 p 68 Nos 2,3,4 unfit for human habitation

SHELTER
CN 09.02.1970 p13 Group started

SHELTERED HOUSING see TWO CASTLES HOUSING ASSOCIATION

SHEPHERD, Sidney Botchergate
Shoe shop
CD 1934 Ad back cover
CD 1937 Ad back cover
CD 1952 Ad p80

SHEPHERD CLOSE On electoral registers from 1997-98

SHEPHERD’S INN Rosehill; opened August 1974 by Pioneer Foods
CN 19.01.1979 p1 CN 14.02.1975 pp8-9 (illus)
CN 14.03.1997 p5 A big cheese again

SHEPHERD SOLICITORS see CARTMEL SHEPHERD

SHERWEN, William Joiner, aged 56, employing 3 men, born Egremont, home address 3 Princess Street [1851 census]

SHERWOOD HOTEL Botchergate
catering
CD 1952 Ad p82

SHEWEN, E.A. The Market
CN 06.09.2002 p4 Haberdashery stall closes after 40 years

SHIACH AND CO West Tower Street
Paper bag merchants and stationers
CD 1952 Ad p351
Cumberland Directory 1954 Ad p269
CD 1955-56 Ad p273

SHIELD 62 English St
Carlisle in Camera 1 p16 photo of hatter’s shop in 1870s

SHIELD HOUSE West side of London Rd, immediately north of road to Petteril Bank; so named on 25inch OS revision of 1924
1918 Electoral Register James and Robina Walker and Isabella and John Allen

SHIELDS, Edward Robert
City Minutes 1927-28 p628 Licensed to run bus service to Croglin, Renwick

SHIELDS COURT, Water St
1901 census; John Little Shield, pawnbroker,aged 42, living on Water Street, adjacent to Shields Ct
City Minutes 1928-29 p786 No 4 unfit for human habitation
City Minutes 1929-30 p650 No 4 unfit for human habitation

SHIP INN Irishgate Brow; in local directories to 1869; In early directories called the Old Ship

SHIP INN Rickergate; in local directories to 1914
1861 census Margaret Harris, aged 46, innkeeper, born Longtown
CN 28.03.1991 p4 (illus)

SHIP LANE; Irishgate Old Ship Inn is here

SHOEMAKERS
Carlisle in Old Picture Postcards; view 72 Fred Miller outside shop, 1928

SHOEMAKERS’ GUILD see GUILDS

SHOPMOBILITY
ENS 10.04.1996 p6 (illus) A year of shopmobility
ENS 15.04.1996 p1 (illus) Wish pool pennies make dreams come true
ENS 04.05.1996 p5 Shoppers helping hand
ENS 04.06.1996 p9 Pump up your tyres and pedal off for shopmobility
CN 14.02.1997 p6 Champagne celebration for Eileen
CN 04.04.1997 p9 All line up for shop scheme birthday do!
CN 10.09.1999 p21 Praise galore

SHOPRITE
CN 24.06.1994 p12 Thumbs down
CN 09.09.1994 p1 Superstore fights for site

SHOPS AND SHOPPING
CAIH p65
See also BOTCHERGATE-SHOPS; LANES
CJ 13.06.1882 p2f Letter concerning half day closing; shop hours given
CN 07.07.1923 p9 Since the 1850s by another veteran
Denton Holme Childhood, B.Cullen Description of shops in Denton Holme in 1930s
ENS 08.12.1977 pp21-23 Ads
CN 28.08.1981 p3 New city mini shop precinct - Rosemary Lane
CN 04.09.1987 p6 City shopping policy explained; letter from Director of Planning
CN 18.09.1987 p10 Editorial
CN 19.08.1988 p10 Editorial
CN 04.11.1988 p1 Superstore fear has traders on the attack
CN 17.11.1989 p4 Worried about too many shops
CN 01.12.1989 p4 Co-operative venture keeps growing
CN 16.02.1990 p2 City shops plan
CN 04.05.1990 p1 Another city shop pulls out
CN 04.05.1990 p9 Traders look ahead
CN 04.05.1990 p12 A vicious circle of predators
CN 18.05.1990 p15 Late shopping responce poor
CN 25.05.1990 p9 Not in the right spirit
CN 29.06.1990 p3 Planers no to city garden store
CN 14.09.1990 p1 Squeeze on city centre
CN 21.09.1990 p1 I’ll go bust; Rent
CN 21.09.1990 p10 Warning signs for our shops
CN 21.09.1990 p15 Protest ignored in store plan
CN 28.12.1990 p3 Weather fails to halt sales
CN 18.01.1991 p1 City shops face siege by raiders
CN 22.02.1991 p1 Traders feel the pinch
CN 08.03.1991 p5 Shake up could hit elderly
CN 03.05.1991 p5 Sunday trade is big stores aim
CN 14.06.1991 p4 Shop signs of the times
CN 02.08.1991 p11 Shoppers win pork price battle
CN 06.09.1991 p10 Rip off claim by city MP
CN 06.12.1991 p9 Sunday trading success
CN 20.12.1991 p1 Store wars dawn raids
CN 03.01.1992 p1 Stores wait and see on Sunday
CN 07.02.1992 p1 300 jobs in store for city
CN 14.02.1992 p1 Anger over new store plan
CN 24.07.1992 p15 Stores beating worst of gloom
CN 06.11.1992 pp1,12 City aims for the top
CN 05.03.1993 p9 New stores getting nearer
CN 19.03.1993 p3 City’s empty shops crisis
CN 02.07.1993 p3 Stores go ahead angers residents
CN 02.07.1993 p25 Comment on stores go ahead
CN 03.09.1993 p25 Ringing in a change in shopping
CN 17.09.1993 p12 Sledge hammer city
CN 10.12.1993 p1 Price wars fear as big stores target city
CN 04.02.1994 p1 New plans heat up stores wars
CN 18.02.1994 p7 New retail park plan - Dalston Road
CN 25.02.1994 p7 Retail park (Dalston Road) plan under scrutiny
CN 06.05.1994 p4 Jobs in store for city
CN 06.05.1994 p4 Driven to despair
CN 10.06.1994 p8 Threat to city centre superstores
CN 24.06.1994 p12 Thumbs down for discount store plan
CN 01.07.1994 p10 Counter attack
CN 01.07.1994 p21 Thumbs down to supermarket
CN 22.07.1994 p8 Shop mobility scheme
CN 05.08.1994 p5 Book store targets city
CN 26.08.1994 p27 Shopmobility plan launched
CN 19.08.1994 pp4-5 Supplement
CN 02.09.1994 p9 Shop plan could harm city centre
CN 09.09.1994 p1 Superstore fights for site
CN 16.09.1994 p5 New shops open
CN 13.01.1995 p13 Disabled to get free wheelchairs
CN 03.02.1995 p5 New 90s shopper....
CN 03.02.1995 p12 Aldi wants second city store
CN 17.03.1995 p11 Carlisle’s hidden heritage - shops frontage
CN 24.03.1995 p10 Everyone knew what was sold under the sign of golden hat
CN 28.04.1995 p3 Fight hots up against club store
CN 05.05.1995 p5 Superstores squeezing the city for space
CN 19.05.1995 p4 Shopmobility scheme grows
CN 26.05.1995 pp16-17 On the Viaduct; ad
CN 16.06.1995 p1 Food Giant up for sale in secret
CN 16.06.1995 p10 Lanes still has a future
CN 16.06.1995 p10 Death knell of a store; County Store
CN 16.06.1995 p13 Major retailers claim Carlisle is shopped out
CN 07.07.1995 p1 Why Food Giant boss shops at Tesco
CN 08.09.1995 p1 People power stalls Botchergate revamp
CN 15.09.1995 p1 Big name on way
CN 29.09.1995 p3 Boutique business quits Botchergate
CN 29.09.1995 p1 Botchergate gets seal of approval
CN 29.09.1995 p3 Top marks
CN 13.10.1995 p1 Netto sets its sights on city
CN 09.02.1996 p5 Call to support plan against new store - Morton
CN 09.02.1996 p12 Shops cash in on rush for winter woolies
CN 08.03.1996 p3 More city shops shut
CN 05.04.1996 p1 Metro or city centre?
CN 19.04.1996 p4 New city shop will create 11 jobs (Visionexpress)
CN 03.05.1996 p5 Angry shopowners are lottery losers
CN 31.05.1996 p3 Closure at Botchergate
CN 21.06.1996 p1 Rebel stores to woo 9pm shoppers
CN 28.06.1996 p1 No room in city for top high street names
CN 12.07.1996 p1 Sainsburys in search of site
CN 19.07.1996 p3 Danish supermarket chain
CN 23.08.1996 p3 Bank holiday working gets thumbs up
CN 20.09.1996 p6 Shot in the arm...top of shops survey
CN 11.04.1997 p3 Forget Metro Centre
CN 18.04.1997 p10 Milk, no sugar
CN 16.05.1997 p1 New link in chain?
CN 18.07.1997 p5 (illus) M and S buys Littlewoods store
CN 25.07.1997 p1 £30m Lanes expansion will divert drivers away from town centre
CN 08.08.1997 p1 Battle to save jobs
CN 22.08.1997 p2 Spending boom helps high street busineses
CN 19.09.1997 p1 Hundreds of jobs on way in city shops plans
CN 24.10.1997 p4 (illus) City shops to lure Xmas shoppers with rail deals
CN 07.11.1997 p1 City shop hires security guard to combat teenage shoplifting
CN 14.11.1997 p1 Roll out the Barrows, says city trust
CN 28.11.1997 p5 (illus) Xmas shoppers ‘leaving it late’
CN 01.05.1998 p3 Debenhams
CN 05.06.1998 p1 Loyalty card plan for city centre shops
CN 03.07.1998 p5 Loyalty card would help pay bills
CN 31.07.1998 p5 Campus extension snag - as store gets market site
CN 07.08.1998 p12 Shoppers heaven - new shops
CN 28.08.1998 p1 New Marks and Spencer
CN 11.09.1998 p1 Tycoon involved in city deal - Botchergate
CN 20.11.1998 p7 City of guinea pigs
CN 05.02.1999 p5 Developer pulls out - Heads Lane
CN 05.02.1999 p1 £8m recession beater
CN 19.03.1999 p2 Next leads the way on Sunday opening
Cumbria Life August 1999 no 65 pp12-13 Supplement 2 A9
CN 27.08.1999 p1 Matalan puts in plans again
CN 27.08.1999 p21 It may be ‘Tiny’
CN 22.10.1999 p1 £10m Viaduct superstore plan
CN 21.01.2000 p3 Superstore planning row
CN 24.03.2000 p5 Aldi plans second store
CN 31.03.2000 p1 Shop till you drop Sundays
CN 28.04.2000 p18 New era for Sunday shopping
CN 27.10.2000 p1 Debenhams opens; p12 opinion
CN 17.11.2000 p3 Christmas shopping
CN 24.11.2000 p1 Make the Lanes even bigger - look at future shopping demand
CN 22.12.2000 p1 Many hops enjoy best Christmas thanks to the new Debenhams
CN 29.12.2000 p1 Christmas sales high
CN 20.04.2001 p9 Pland for new superstore on Lower Viaduct
CN 27.04.2001 p16 Parking shortage blow to Carlisle’s shopping success
CN 18.01.2002 p3 Asda and Tesco plan extensions to their superstores
CN 15.02.2002 p3 Shops move out of Fisher Street; city shopping face changes
CN 15.03.2002 p12 review of supermarket giants in county
CN 19.04.2002 p5 Rents rocket; Scotch Street set for new shopping block
CN 05.09.2003 p1 Carlisle gets several new developments; Lidl, Tescos
CN 03.09.2004 p16 City ranked 68th best shopping centre in UK
CN 24.12.2004 p1 Chaos in shops; last minute shopping spree
CN 06.01.2006 p 3 Traditional corner shops could seen be a thing of the past
CN 21.04.2006 p1 Late night shoping in city centre from June 1st on Thursday evenings
CN 17.11.2006 p1 Proposed Sainsbury’s on Currock Rd
CN 29.12.2006 p3 Record as 67,222 shopers in town last Thursday
CN 05.09.2008 12 Superstores battling it out to develop new sites; feature

SHORT, Robert Blacksmith, died 06.01.1913; Monumental Inscription [18/31]

SHORTDALE HOUSE Stanwix
CN 29.04.1960 p12

SHORT STREET
City Minutes 1901-02 p 489 Approval for new street

SHOWJUMPING
CN 09.08.1991 p20 Harvey rides in for show event
CN 16.08.1991 p8 See Harvey in action
CN 23.08.1991 p11 Stars back city showjump day

SHROVE TUESDAY Shrove Tuesday games traditionally took place at the Swifts. In 1610/11 the city Chamberlains Accounts give the first indication that football was played. [Records of Early English Drama; Cumberland, Westmorland and Gloucestershire, 1986 p25]

SIEGE COINS
CWAAS OS Vol 7 pp54-56; all coins illustrated
Topping, G and Potter,J Memorials of Old Carlisle p41 (illus) 1645 minted coin
CN 28.09.1956 p10 (illus) CN 15.10.1976
CN 30.05.1997 p7 Can expect to fetch £5,000

SIEGE GUNS - at Cidael
CN 30.06.1951 p5 CN 19.03.1971 p14 (illus) CN 05.07.1974 p6

SIEGE OF 1315
Topping, G and Potter, J.J. Memorials of Old Carlisle pp29 - 31

SIEGE OF 1644-45 City besieged for 9 months from October 1644 by Parliamentary forces
See also Civil War; Siege Coins
CAIH p30
Tullie, Isaac Siege of Carlisle
CWAAS OS Vol 7 pp48 - 63 Carlisle during the siege of 1644-4
Round Carlisle Cross Volume 7 The Siege of Carlisle in 1644-45 pp11-28
CJ 11.01.1949 p2 CJ 18.01.1949 p2

SIGNS AND DISPLAY Newtown Road
Signs
CD 1966-68 Ad p298

SILLOTH RAILWAY HOTEL Church St; in local directory for 1861
1861 census; Samuel Sewell , innkeeper, aged 27, bn Harrington

SILVER BAND, CARLISLE CITY
Images of Carlisle Cumberland News p102 Photo of band in 1954

SILVER GRILL English St; restaurant; closed August 1964
Old Carlisle; Second photographic recollection; J.Templeton p31 photo
Images of Carlisle Cumberland News p52 1960s photo of facade
Those Were the Days, M.Dickens pp25-26
CJ 23.01.1948 p1 Manager E.S.Wilson retired
CJ 17.02.1948 p1 Appointment of J.P.Higgins
CJ 26.03.1948 p1 Presentation
ENS 22.06.1960 Supplement; history
ENS 01.08.1964 p1 Silver Grill to be sold
ENS 04.08.1964 p1 Grill: move to switch bookings
ENS 06.08.1964 p1 Hit by electric failure
CN 05.11.1965 p9 (illus) Explosion and fire
ENS 14.03.1966 p12-13 Merger with W.Sproats
CN 28.06.2002 p13 Photo of interior and letter from head waiter

SILVERSMITH Scotch Street
CD 1893-94 Ad page pink inside cover

SIMMONS Botchergate
Furniture store
CD 1952 Ad p321
Memories of Carlisle, Chapter 1, photo of facade of shop
CD 1955-56 Ad p252
CD 1961-62 Ad p274

SIMONACCO LIMITED
Coal cleaning equipment and pump manufacturers
See also AUTOMATIC COAL CLEANING CO
ENS 02.06.1966 p1 £1m orders
ENS 01.12.1966 p1 New plant for city firm

SIMPSON, G and SONS Charlotte Street , Milbourne Cres; Bedford Road; Bridge Street
Joners and funeral furnishers
CD 1920 Ad p246
CD 1924 Ad p100
CD 1927 Ad p108
CD 1931 Ad p217
CD 1934 Ad p128
CD 1937 Ad p319
CD 1952 Ad p300
Cumberland Directory 1954 Ad p242
CD 1955-56 Ad p246

SIMPSON, George and Co Botchergate, West Walls
Drapery store
CD 1893-94 Ad p46

SIMPSON, Henry C Bank Street, Lowther Street
Tailors
CD 1955-56 Ad p270
CN 17.09.1938 p18